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Interpersonal ties

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Last Updated: 18 January 2022

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Closer You Feel To People Emotionally, More Similarly You Represent Them In Your Brain, While, People Who Feel Social Disconnection Tend To Have Lonelier, Neural Self-representation, According To Recent Study. Findings Of Dartmouth Study Are Published In Journal Of Neuroscience. If we had stamp of neural activity that reflect your self-representation and one that reflects that of people whom you close to, for most of us, our stamps of neural activity would look pretty similar. Yet, for lonelier people, neural activity was really differentiated from that of other people, explain author Meghan L. Meyer, assistant professor of psychological and brain sciences, and director of Dartmouth Social Neuroscience Lab. Study Was Comprised Of 50 College Students And Community Members Ranging From Age 18 To 47. Before going to fMRI scanner, participants were asked to name and rank five people whom they are closest to and five acquaintances. During scan, participants were asked to make trait judgments about themselves, people they are closest to and acquaintances that they had just name, and five celebrities. Participants were asked to rate how much trait describe as person on scale from 1 to 4. Results Show How Brain Seems To Cluster Representations Of People Into Three Different Cliques: Oneself, One's Own Social Network, And Well-know People, Like Celebrities. Closer Participants Felt To Someone, More Similar Their Brain Represents Them Throughout Social Brain, Including In Medial Prefrontal Cortex, Region Associated With Concept Of Self. Lonelier people show less neural similarity between themselves and others in MPFC, demarcations between three cliques were blurrier in their neural activity. In other words, lonelier are, less similar their brain looks when they think about themselves and others. Meyer add, it's almost as if you have specific constellation of neural activity that is activated when you think about yourself. And when you think about your friends, much of same constellation is recruit. If you are lonely though, you activate different constellation when you think about others than when you think about yourself. It's as though your brain's representation of yourself is more disconnected from other people, which consistent with how lonely people say they feel. Findings illustrate how loneliness seems to be associated distortions in neural mapping of social connections with others.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

The individualistic perspective

Literature on cultural values has discussed sizable cross-cultural differences between personal and interpersonal social values, such as individualism / and independence / interdependence. Theories and evidence have repeatedly suggested that individualism or independence is more frequently observed in European American cultural contexts whereas collectivism or interdependence more frequently observed in East Asian cultural contexts. However, globalization-process by which cultures influence one another and become more alike through trade, immigration, and exchange of information and ideas-has been powerful and unstoppable force in recent decades and cross-national or cross-cultural distinctions may be getting smaller. Globalization enables greater mobility of people, money, and information across countries. Especially since 1980s, international trade by transnational companies and enterprises has been expanding, and ongoing developments in improved transportation and information technologies have created globalized world. Globalization is not making societies more international, but also more Westernized or European-americanize. Indeed, globalization is sometimes called Americanization or Westernization and lay people perceive globalization be related to Western cultural values. This means that European American culture is one of most potent cultures in world that has strong influence on other cultures due to political and economic strengths of Western cultures, which continue to export not only products, technologies, and economic systems, but also values, ideas, and beliefs. As result, there have been many cultural changes, especially in East Asian cultures, that have been affected by spread of Westernized cultural values, ideas, practices, and systems. In this research, we investigate how psychological tendencies might be affected by cultural changes, with specific focus on spread of individualism. Individualism-social pattern that consists of loosely linked individuals who view themselves as independent of collectives-is one of most influential global values. Importantly, individualism has long been fostered in American cultural contexts. For instance, previous studies suggest that individualism is fostered over time by economic systems, Protestant ethic, philosophy of ancient decreased prevalence of pathogens, and voluntary settlements. Individualistic systems or environments are believed to have positive on individuals. For example, individualistic systems enable individuals to act autonomously and choose freely, with high social mobility such as being able to choose desirable persons to interact which tend to increase happiness. Furthermore, people in individualistic cultures can have strong sense of self-efficacy. However, such individualistic systems or can also have potentially negative effects. In particular, individualistic systems people to pursue personal achievement, which creates competition between individuals. These systems can also result in high social which leads to high social anxiety. In addition, focussing attention on personal achievements can significant cost on interpersonal relationships. Even though having costs, individualism brings benefits such as enjoying free choice and strong sense of self-efficacy.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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