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Know If Have Brain Cancer

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

Site navigation utilizes arrow, enter, escape, and space bar key commands. Left and right arrows move across top level links and expand / close menus in sub levels. Up and Down arrows will open main level menus and toggle through sub tier links. Enter and space open menus and escape close them as well. Tab will move on to the next part of the site rather than go through menu items. A Brain Tumor, know as an intracranial Tumor, is an abnormal mass of tissue in which cells grow and multiply uncontrollably, seemingly unchecked by mechanisms that control normal cells. More than 150 different brain tumors have been document, but two main groups of brain tumors are termed primary and metastatic. Primary brain tumors include tumors that originate from tissues of the brain or the brain's immediate surroundings. Primary tumors are categorized as glial or non - glial and benign or malignant. Metastatic Brain tumors include tumors that arise elsewhere in the body and migrate to the brain, usually through the bloodstream. Metastatic tumors are considered cancer and are malignant. Metastatic tumors to brain affect nearly one in four patients with Cancer, or an estimated 150 000 people a year. Up to 40 percent of people with lung cancer will develop metastatic brain tumors. In the past, outcomes for patients diagnosed with these tumors were very poor, with typical survival rates of just several weeks. More sophisticated diagnostic tools, in addition to innovative surgical and radiation approaches, have helped survival rates expand up to YEARS; and also allowed for improved quality of life for patients following diagnosis. Chordomas are benign, slow - growing tumors that are most prevalent in people ages 50 to 60. Their most common locations are the base of the skull and lower portion of the spine. Although these tumors are benign, they may invade adjacent bone and put pressure on nearby neural tissue. These are rare tumors, contributing to only 0. 2 percent of all primary brain tumors. Craniopharyngiomas are typically benign, but are difficult tumors to remove because of their location near critical structures deep in the brain. They usually arise from a portion of the pituitary gland, so nearly all patients will require some hormone replacement therapy. Gangliocytomas, gangliomas and anaplastic gangliogliomas are rare tumors that include neoplastic nerve cells that are relatively well - differentiate, occurring primarily in young adults. Glomus jugulare tumors are most frequently benign and typically are located just under the skull base, at top of the jugular vein. They are the most common form of glomus Tumor. However, glomus tumors, in general, contribute to only 0. 6 percent of neoplasms in the head and neck. Meningiomas are the most common benign intracranial tumors, comprising 10 to 15 percent of all brain neoplasms, although a very small percentage are malignant. These tumors originate from meninges, membrane - like structures that surround the brain and spinal cord. Pineocytomas are generally benign lesions that arise from pineal cells, occurring predominantly in adults. They are most often well - define, noninvasive, homogeneous and slow - growing.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Overview

A Brain tumor is the mass or growth of abnormal cells in your brain. Many different types of brain tumors exist. Some brain tumors are noncancerous, and some brain tumors are cancerous. Brain tumors can begin in your brain, or cancer can begin in other parts of your body and spread to your brain. How quickly the brain tumor grows can vary greatly. The growth rate as well as location of the Brain Tumor determine how it will affect the function of your nervous system. Brain Tumor treatment options depend on the type of brain tumor you have, as well as its size and location.


Symptoms

Brain tumor symptoms depend on the size and location of the tumor. They also vary from person to person. Symptoms are caused by damage the tumor does to parts of the brain, and increased pressure inside the skull. The most common symptoms of brain tumor include: headaches, nausea, weakness or loss of feeling. Symptoms can also include: Stumbling or trouble walking, Changes in Vision or abnormal eye movements, Changes in personality, memory, or speech Changes in alertness, from increased sleepiness to coma Uncontrollable convulsions of body Weakness on one side of the body, Trouble talking reduced field of Vision Many of these may be cause by other health problems. But it is important to see your healthcare provider if you have these symptoms. Only healthcare provider can tell if you have cancer.


How is brain cancer diagnosed?

If your healthcare provider thinks you may have brain cancer, you will need exams and tests to be sure. Your healthcare provider will ask you about your health history, your symptoms, risk factors, and family history of disease. He or she will also give you a physical exam. You may also have one or more tests, such as MRI or CT scan. After diagnosis of brain cancer, you may have other tests. These help your healthcare providers learn more about cancer. They can help determine the stage of cancer. Stage is how much and how far cancer has spread in your body. It is one of the most important things to know when deciding how to treat cancer. Once your cancer is stag, your healthcare provider will talk with you about what stage means for your treatment. Be sure to ask your healthcare provider to explain the stage of your cancer to you in a way you can understand.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of brain tumor vary greatly and depend on the brain tumor's size, location and rate of growth. General signs and symptoms caused by brain tumors may include: new onset or change in pattern of headaches Headaches that gradually become more frequent and more severe Unexplained Nausea or Vomiting Vision Problems, such as Blurred Vision, double Vision or loss of peripheral Vision, Gradual loss of sensation or movement in arm or leg Difficulty with Balance Speech difficulties Confusion in everyday matters Personality or behavior Changes Seizures, especially in someone who doesn't have history of Seizures Hearing Problems

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Causes

Primary brain tumors originate in the brain itself or in tissues close to it, such as in brain - covering membranes, cranial nerves, pituitary gland or pineal gland. Primary brain tumors begin when normal cells acquire errors in their DNA. These mutations allow cells to grow and divide at increased rates and to continue living when healthy cells die. The result is a mass of abnormal cells, which form tumor. In adults, primary brain tumors are much less common than secondary brain tumors, in which cancer begins elsewhere and spreads to the brain. Many different types of primary brain tumors exist. Each gets its name from the type of cell involve. Examples include: gliomas. These tumors begin in the brain or spinal cord and include astrocytomas, ependymomas, glioblastomas, oligoastrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas. Meningiomas. A Meningioma is a tumor that arises from membranes that surround your brain and spinal cord. Most meningiomas are noncancerous. Acoustic neuromas. These are benign tumors that develop on nerves that control balance and hearing leading from your inner ear to your brain. Pituitary adenomas. These are mostly benign tumors that develop in the pituitary gland at the base of the brain. These tumors can affect pituitary hormones with effects throughout the body. Medulloblastomas. These are the most common cancerous brain tumors in children. Medulloblastoma starts in the lower back part of the brain and tends to spread through spinal fluid. These tumors are less common in adults, but they do occur. Germ cell tumors. Germ cell tumors may develop during childhood where testicles or ovaries will form. But sometimes germ cell tumors affect other parts of the body, such as the brain. Craniopharyngiomas. These rare, noncancerous tumors start near the brain's pituitary gland, which secretes hormones that control many body functions. As craniopharyngioma slowly grow, it can affect the pituitary gland and other structures near the brain.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Risk factors

Risk factor is anything that increases your chances of getting a disease such as brain or spinal cord tumor. Different types of cancer have different risk factors. Some risk factors, like smoking, can change. Others, like your age or family history, ca change. But having a risk factor, or even several, does not always mean that a person will get disease, and many people get brain or spinal cord tumors without having any known risk factors. Many different types of tumors can start in the brain or spinal cord, and while they might have some things in common, these different tumors might not all have the same risk factors. Most brain tumors are not linked with any known risk factors and have no obvious cause. But there are a few factors that can raise the risk of brain tumors.


Family history

Turcot syndrome describes people who have many colon polyps and an increased risk of colorectal cancer, as well as increased risk for certain types of brain tumors. But this syndrome is actually made up of two different hereditary conditions: when linked with familial adenomatous polyposis, there is a mutation in the APC gene. In people with this gene mutation, brain tumors are typically medulloblastomas. When linked with Lynch syndrome, mutation is in one of the mismatch repair genes, such as MLH1 or PMS2. In people with one of these gene mutations, brain tumors are usually gliomas.


What is a brain tumor?

A brain tumor is the collection, or mass, of abnormal cells in your brain. Your skull, which enclose your brain, is very rigid. Any growth inside such restricted space can cause problems. Brain tumors can be cancerous or noncancerous. When benign or malignant tumors grow, they can cause pressure inside your skull to increase. This can cause brain damage, and it can be life - threatening. Brain tumors are categorized as primary or secondary. Primary brain tumor originates in your brain. Many primary brain tumors are benign. Secondary brain tumor, also know as metastatic brain tumor, occur when cancer cells spread to your brain from another organ, such as your lung or breast.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

When to see a doctor

People should see their doctor if they experience any of the following symptoms: seizures, weakness, numbness, or tingling in one side body unexplained vision problems, communication difficulties, changes in personality or behavior, doctor will take full medical history and perform a range of neurological tests to see what is causing symptoms. For example, they may: run CT scans or MRI scans, to provide image of the brain, conduct tests to check balance, vision, and coordination. Also, if they locate a tumor in the brain, they may take tissue sample, or biopsy, to find out what type it is. People should see their doctor if they experience severe or frequent headaches. They will be able to rule out any underlying causes and suggest lifestyle changes or treatment options. If a brain tumor is present, treatment will depend on the type and stage of tumor. Options may include surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy to remove or shrink the brain tumor.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Brain Tumors and Brain Cancer

Brain tumors account for one in every 100 cancers diagnosed annually in the United States. Most malignant brain tumors and brain cancers have spread from other tumors in the body to the skull, including cancers of breast and lung, malignant melanoma and blood cell cancers. Some brain tumors start in cells that support nerve cells of the brain, where they can crowd out normal cells and spread to other locations in the body. Tumors can either destroy tissue or cause problems in other parts of the body because of pressure tumor put on the brain. Brain tumors can be grouped by type of cell involved or by location in the brain. Metastasized cells may grow in one or several areas of the brain. Almost half of all brain tumors are non - cancerous, slow growing and respond well to treatment.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Treatment

Our brain Cancer program is staffed by doctors with experience of surgical procedures to remove tumors in the brain. We also offer innovative approaches in radiation therapies designed to reduce damage to surrounding healthy structures in the brain. Surgery Surgery is often the first line of treatment for brain cancer. Procedures may include minimally invasive surgical techniques to precisely and safely remove tumors. Chemotherapy this treatment is frequently used to treat high - grade brain cancer, either alone or in combination with other brain cancer treatments, such as surgery and / or radiation therapy. Neurosurgery, this specialized type of surgery performed on the nervous system, particularly the brain and spinal cord, typically focuses on removing an entire brain tumor. Radiation therapy this treatment is used to destroy brain tumor cells and to relieve symptoms caused by the tumor. Target therapy Target therapy drugs are designed to target specific pathways or abnormalities in cells involved in brain tumor growth.


Brain Cancer Surgery

Many people with Brain Tumors undergo surgery. During the operation, surgeon will confirm that you have a tumor and then try to remove all of it. If surgeon canat remove the tumor, they take sample to identify its type. In some cases, mostly in benign tumors, removing the tumor will cure your symptoms. You may get several treatments and procedures before surgery. For example: you may take steroid drug, like dexamethasone, to relieve swelling. You may get an anticonvulsant drug to relieve or prevent seizures. If cerebrospinal fluid is collecting around your brain, your doctor may put in a thin, plastic tube called a shunt to drain fluid. One end of the shunt goes into space where fluid collects. The other is threaded under your skin to another part of your body. Fluid drains from your brain to a place where you can get rid of it easily. Craniotomy. This is the surgery most often used to remove brain Tumor. The surgeon starts by cutting through your scalp. Theyall remove piece of skull to expose your brain. Then they remove the entire tumor or as much as possible. Surgeon places piece of skull back into position and sews scalp together. Neuroendoscopy. Surgeons make small holes in the skull or go through the nose or mouth, depending on the location of the tumor. They use small tools to remove tumor.S One of these has a tiny camera that sends images back to the monitor next to the operating table. Surgeons use these images to find and remove tumor. If a new tumor appear, you may need second surgery.


Radiation therapy

Highly target radiation therapy may be used to destroy brain tumor cells and to relieve symptoms caused by the tumor. This therapy allows doctors to increase dosage and precisely target radiation to brain tumor, while reducing damage to healthy brain tissue. Radiation therapy for brain cancer patients may be used after biopsy, or following surgical resection of the tumor, to help destroy remaining microscopic tumor cells. It may also be an option for unresectable brain tumors or brain metastases, tumors that have spread to the brain from another part of the body. External beam radiation is commonly used for brain cancer. The area radiated typically includes the tumor and the area surrounding tumor. For brain metastases, radiation is sometimes delivered to the entire brain. Because lung cancer commonly spreads to the brain, some lung cancer patients receive whole - brain radiation as preventive therapy to stop tumors from developing.


Chemotherapy

These types of chemotherapy drugs enter the bloodstream and reach areas throughout the body. The challenge with brain cancer chemotherapy is finding drugs that can cross the blood - brain barrier to reach tumor cells in the brain. Chemotherapy drugs may be administered orally in pill form or injected into vein. For some types of brain cancer, chemotherapy drugs may be given directly into cerebrospinal fluid, either in the brain or spinal column. To help with this, special reservoir under scalp may be surgically implant. Reservoir is attached to a tube that leads into the ventricle of the brain where CSF circulates.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Treating brain tumours

Prognosis means expected outcome of disease. You may wish to discuss your prognosis and treatment options with your doctor, but it is not possible for anyone to predict the exact course of disease. There are many factors that may affect your prognosis. These include tumour type, location, grade and genetic makeup; your age, general health and family history; and how well the tumour responds to treatment. Both low - grade and high - grade tumours can be life - threatening, but prognosis may be better if the tumour is low - grade, or if the surgeon is able to remove the entire tumour. Some brain or spinal cord tumours, particularly gliomas, can come back and may change to higher grade. In this case, treatments such as surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy may be used to control growth of tumour for as long as possible, relieve symptoms and maintain quality of life.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Outlook

Survival rates can give you an idea of what percentage of people with the same type of brain or spinal cord tumor are still alive a certain amount of time after they were diagnose. They ca tell you how long you will live, but they may help give you a better understanding of how likely it is that your treatment will be successful. Keep in mind that survival rates are estimates and are often based on previous outcomes of large numbers of people who had specific type of tumor, but they ca predict what will happen in any particular persons case. These statistics can be confusing and may lead you to have more questions. Talk with your doctor about how these numbers may apply to you, as he or she is familiar with your situation.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Benign vs. Malignant Brain Tumors

Benign brain tumors are aggressive and normally spread to surrounding tissues, although they can be serious and even life - threatening. Benign brain tumors usually have clearly defined borders and usually are deeply rooted in brain tissue. This makes them easier to surgically remove if they are in an area of the brain where is safe to operate. But they can come back. Benign tumors are less likely to come back than cancerous ones. Even benign brain tumors can be a serious health problem. Brain tumors can damage cells around them by causing inflammation and putting increased pressure on nearby tissue, as well as inside your skull.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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