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Leelanau County, Michigan

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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Leelanau County, Michigan

CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
Founded1840 (created) 1863 (organized)
Named forLeelanau Peninsula
SeatSuttons Bay Township
Largest settlementGreilickville Suttons Bay (incorporated)
Area
Total2,532 sq mi (6,560 km 2 )
Land347 sq mi (900 km 2 )
Water2,185 sq mi (5,660 km 2 ) 86%%
Population
Estimate (2018)21,764
Density63/sq mi (24/km 2 )
Time zoneUTC5 ( Eastern )
Summer ( DST )UTC4 ( EDT )
Congressional district1st

Leelanau County is a county located in the US state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, population was 21 708. The county seat was until recently the unincorporated community of Leland. On August 3 2004, County voters approved a proposal to move the County seat to Suttons Bay Township, closer to the county's geographic center. In 2008, County offices completed their move to a new government center built on 45 acres of County-owned land, one mile east of the unincorporated village of Lake Leelanau, where the new County law enforcement center was complete. Leelanau County is included in Traverse City Micropolitan Statistical Area of northern Michigan. In 2011, Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore, located in the County, won the title of most Beautiful Place in America in a poll by morning news show Good Morning America.

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Etymology

Traditionally, County's name was said to be a Native American word meaning delight of life, but it is neologism made up by Indian agent and ethnographer Henry Schoolcraft, who sometimes give name Leelinau to Native American women in his tales. He created many faux Indian place names in Michigan, from syllables from Ojibwe, Latin and Arabic. This source contends that Ojibwas do not use letter l. See, List of Michigan County name etymologies. More recently, however, scholars have established that Leelinau was first used as a pen name by Henry's wife, Jane Johnston Schoolcraft, in writing for Literary Voyager, family magazine which they wrote together in the 1820s. Jane Johnston was of Ojibwa and Scots-Irish descent, and wrote in Ojibwe and English. While her writing was not published formally in her lifetime, Jane Johnston Schoolcraft has been recognized as the first Native American Literary writer, first know Indian woman writer, first know Indian poet, first know poet to write poems in Native American language, and first know American Indian to write out traditional Indian stories. In 2008, Jane Johnston Schoolcraft was inducted into the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

History

Leelanau County was officially established in 1863 when the State of Michigan was young 26 years old. People were attracted to natural resources from the beginning-first as a way to earn living and build home, and later to enjoy recreation away from cities. Early settlers arrived on the Islands beginning in 1839, while Native Americans populated Leelanau peninsula until pioneers began exploring the area in 1847. For the next 45 years, villages know today-and some that are abandon-were settle. North and South Manitou Islands and Fox Islands officially joined the County in 1895. Leelanau Historical Society was launched in 1957 by a group of residents dedicated to collecting and preserving Leelanaus History. Leland, first established in 1853 and later County seat, seems natural location for society. When the old County jail became available in 1959, museum found its first home. Through generous donations and grants, new museum was built in 1985 and expanded in 2005 and 2015. Today, collections and archives contain more than 20 000 items. Visitors to the museum learn about Leelanau life and maritime history from exhibits, educational programs and publications. Recipient of the 2014 State History Award for Outstanding Local Society, LHS continues to collect, document and preserve items relating to Leelanau History. Leelanau Historical Society is generously supported by the following:

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Demographics

Demographics

CensusPop.%
18602,158
18704,576112.0%
18806,25336.6%
18907,94427.0%
190010,55632.9%
191010,6080.5%
19209,06114.6%
19308,2069.4%
19408,4362.8%
19508,6472.5%
19609,3217.8%
197010,87216.6%
198014,00728.8%
199016,52718.0%
200021,11927.8%
201021,7082.8%
2018 (est.)21,7640.3%

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 21 119 people, 8 436 households, and 6 217 families residing in the county. The population density was 61 people per square mile. There were 13 297 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93. 52 % White, 0. 25 % Black or African American, 3. 66 % Native American, 0. 24 % Asian, 0. 02 % Pacific Islander, 1. 34 % from other races, and 0. 97 % from two or more races. 3. 29 % of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23. 3 % were German, 11. 5 % English, 9. 9 % Polish, 9. 0 % Irish, 6. 0 % French and 5. 2 % American ancestry. 95. 1 % speak English and 2. 9 % use Spanish as their first language. There were 8 436 households, out of which 29. 90 % had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63. 60 % were married couples living together, 7. 10 % had female householders with no husband present, and 26. 30 % were non-families. 22. 30 % of all households were made up of individuals, and 8. 80 % had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2. 48 and the average family size was 2. 89. The county population contains 24. 40 % under age of 18 5. 70 % from 18 to 24 24. 20 % from 25 to 44 28. 30 % from 45 to 64, and 17. 40 % who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 99. 50 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 97. 10 males. The median income for household in the county was 47 062, and the median income for family was 53 228. Males had a median income of 35 719 versus 25 778 for females. Per capita income for the county was 24 686. About 3. 30 % of families and 5. 40 % of the population were below the poverty line, including 6. 40 % of those under age 18 and 4. 50 % of those aged 65 or over.

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Sources

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