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As New Clash of Titans rereleases Kraken all over multiplexes this weekend, we're going fishing for sci-fi / fantasy's best underwater beasties. Here's our attack of Clash of greatest Sea monsters ever! Kraken While the word Kraken is Scandinavian in origin and, as such, was never part of classic Greek myth, thanks to two Clash of Titans films in which Kraken is a massive wet beast that needs vanquishing, it's become synonymous with the legend of Perseus. Moby Dick, also known as Giant Dick, bites off Captain Ahab's leg and sends peeve mariner on a self-destructive Quest for revenge. Hydra Now, here's one that was in legit Greek myths multi-noggin'd dragon-Y Creature who grow back pair of heads whenever one is cut off. Slaying Hydra was one of Hercules' Twelve Labors. Most recently see in Percy Jackson and Lightning Thief, not requiring hero to break sweat. Leviathan Biblical scholars may know Leviathan from Isaiah 27: 1 in that day, Lord with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish Leviathan piercing serpent, even Leviathan that crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that is in the Sea. I know Leviathan from that 1989 Peter Weller movie. Cthulhu Listen, if you're coming to this site and you don't know who / what Cthulhu is, you should just turn right around and go visit Redbook. Com or something. Go on, git! Avanc Okay, when I was putting together this list, io9's capo di tutti capo Annalee Newitz said don't forget the awesome Sea Monster in China Mieville's Scar. So, despite me not having read Scar, yet another blind spot here is. Bruce, While not the biggest Sea Monster on the list, nor the oldest, he's clearly the most famous. See, more people have seen Jaws, which saw Bruce terrorize the deliciously coastal town of Amity, than anything else on this list. Sea Monster I guess that by the time you get to making the seventh Godzilla movie, you're willing to settle for having Big G fight giant lobster. Orca Mom, there's reason I never want to go to SeaWorld. This movie was the reason. And, judging by current events, I think I was right. They ain't called killer whales for nothing. I'm just surprised they're not called killer-especially-if-you-murder-their-pregnant-mate whales, after what happened in this movie. Mutant Sharks Deep Blue Sea still has the best motivational speech ever. Watcher in Water This speed-bump on the road for Fellowship of Ring looked a whole lot more fearsome that it actually was, given how quickly it was sidestepped by simply ducking indoors. But, hey, tentacles! Sigmund Sea Monster What are odds that Sigmund Sea Monster was just the name of the weed strain that Sid and Marty Krofft were smoking?
When European explorers like Christopher Columbus set out on their voyages of discovery in the 1400s and 1500s, they were literally sailing into uncharted waters. Sea Monsters were concern for them, and frightening rumors ran rampant. Sailors' tales were sometimes the only first-hand information available about ocean animals. These stories range from accurate observations to honest mistakes to outright tall tales, with no way for even the most objective naturalist to separate fact from fiction. Meticulous drawings of Sea Monsters in European Natural History books from the 1500s and 1600s reveal an overlap between science and legend at that time.
Hundreds of years ago, sailors were terrified by Kraken, dreadful Sea monster capable of sinking ships and with a taste for human flesh. Today we know the legends of this monster were based on sightings of Giant Squids. This animal belongs to the genus Architeuthis and was the subject of many scientific studies. Despite its enormous size, giant squid is astoundingly elusive and much of its biology remains unknown. Thus shrouded in mystery, Architeuthis is almost a mythological creature and has place both in Science and in myth: very last of legends to persist to this day. Key words: Architeuthis; cephalopod; Giant squid; Microcosmus marinus; Sea serpent for first navigators, Sea was GREAT unknown, treacherous, unstable, and above all, dangerous; yet, it was the only way to reach certain places. For these men, Sea seems to hide in its inconceivable depths horde of lurking Monsters. Even the bravest seafarers show respectful dread of the sea, and stories they tell gradually become legends, for, as the saying go, tale grows in telling. Encounter with any unknown animal in the open sea had potential to gain mythological edge. For a monster worthy of its tales, gigantic size was not enough; it should also have some means to attack ship and kill its crew. Over centuries, many Sea monster legends were born and forget; only a few have reached our days. Kraken, one of these survivors, is perhaps the largest monster ever imagined by mankind. Its legend was also born from seamens stories, but it was much modified and strengthened over years. Right from the start, Kraken was universally incorporated into Nordic mythology and folklore. According to an obscure, ancient manuscript from circa 1180 by King Sverre of Norway, Kraken was just one of many Sea Monsters. Still, it had its own peculiarities: it was colossal in size, as large as an Island, and capable of sinking ships; it haunted the seas between Norway and Iceland, and between Iceland and Greenland. Two other Nordic Sea Monsters have records almost as old as Kraken, appearing in the Saga of Orvar-Oddr; their names are Hafgufa and Lyngbakr. Habits of theses Monsters were later described in the Norwegian encyclopedia Konungs Skuggsja. They share many features with Kraken, namely their gigantic size and their inclination to attack ships and their crews. Therefore, these monsters have been considered as references to Kraken and are treated as the same monster. However, nearly all Sea Monsters had some of these traits, and as such, many of them were linked to or confused with Kraken over centuries. Their features only reflect the fears of first navigators, and Kraken proves to be the strongest figure in their folklore, dragging every other Sea monster under its shadow.
In the myth of Perseus and Andromeda, Perseus was on his way home from behead Gorgon monster, Medusa, when he saw a beautiful woman chained to a rock and facing imminent death from being eaten by Cetus. Cetus was a sea monster that Poseidon sent to bring terror to the land of Aethiopia. Andromeda was the beautiful daughter of the king and queen of Aethiopia. Queen Casseiopeia bragged that Andromeda was more beautiful than Nereid Sea nymphs. To punish her, Poseidon sent Cetus to devour Andromeda while she was chained to a rock. Just as Andromeda was about to be eat, Perseus saved her from Cetus by either stabbing Cetus or using Medusas head to turn Cetus into a stone.
|Major deities||Aphrodite Apollo Ares Artemis Athena Demeter Dionysus Hephaestus Hera Hermes Poseidon Zeus|
|Other deities||Amphitrite Asclepius Azone Eileithyia Enyo Eris Harmonia Hades Hebe Heracles Io / Isis Hestia Nemesis Pan Persephone The Erinyes The Muses Zelus|
|Heroes||Achilles Abderus Bellerophon Cadmus Daedalus Diomedes Heracles Jason Odysseus Orpheus Perseus The Argonauts Theseus|
|Groups||Daemons Demideities Deities Gorgons Graeae Protogenoi Titans|
|Creatures and monsters||Chimera Centaur Charybdis Cyclops Ceryneian Hind Cretan Bull Empusa Erinyes Erymanthian Boar Minotaur Lernaean Hydra Makhai Medusa Nemean lion Pegasus Typhon More...|
|Titans||Atlas Coeus Crius Cronus Epimetheus Gaia Helios Hyperion Iapetos Oceanus Pallas Perses Prometheus Rhea Styx Uranus|
|Locations||Mount Olympus Tartaros Underworld|
|Topics||Titanomachy Trojan War Labours of Heracles|
Hydra, also called Lernean Hydra, in Greek legend, offspring of Typhon and Echidna, gigantic water-snake-like monster with nine heads, one of which was immortal. Monsters haunt the marshes of Lerna, near Argos, from which he periodically emerge to harry people and livestock of Lerna. Anyone who attempted to behead Hydra found that as soon as one head was cut off, two more heads would emerge from fresh wound. Destruction of Lernean Hydra became one of 12 Labours of Heracles. For that and other Labours, Heracles enlist aid of his nephew Iolaus. As Heracles severed each mortal head, Iolaus was set to the task of cauterizing fresh wounds so that no new heads would emerge. When only immortal head remain, Heracles cuts it off too and buries it under heavy rock. Further, he dips his arrows in beasts poisonous blood to be able to inflict fatal wounds. According to Sophocles, that measure eventually caused his own accidental death at the hands of his wife, Deianeira. In modern English, Hydra or Hydra-head can describe difficult or multifarious situation. The name Hydra has been assigned to the genus of invertebrate freshwater animals having a circlet of 4 to 25 tentacles on one end of its tubelike body.
|Deities||Apollo Bacchus Bellona Bona Dea Castor and Pollux Ceres Cupid Diana Dis Pater Egeria Fauna Faunus Flora Genius Hercules Janus Juno Jupiter Lares Liber Libertas Mars Mercury Minerva Orcus Neptune Penates Pluto Pomona Priapus Proserpina Quirinus Saturn Silvanus Sol Venus Vesta Vulcan|
|Groups||Demideities Deities Titans|
|Creatures and monsters||Faun Siren Centaur|
In mari multa latent, go old saying: in the ocean many things are hide. And it true enough. There is still much we don't know about what lurks in the depths, save for wonders that occasional submersible dive turn up. But for millennia, humans have simply taken to guessing what could be swimming Earth's oceans. Europeans, for instance, just assumed for long while that every land critter had counterpart in the sea, hence Sea rhinos and Sea cows and even Sea monks and Sea bishops, aquatic representatives of the human race. Fantastically WrongIt's OK to Be wrong, even fantastically so. Because when it comes to understanding our world, mistakes mean progress. From folklore to pure Science, these are historys most bizarre theories. Browse the full archive here. Some of these beasts, though, are more grounded in reality than others. And none of these are more famed or scary or strangely real than Kraken, also known somewhat awesomely in lore as Sea-mischief, legendary tentacled Giant so powerful that it could pull down ships. Cross this monster and youll find yourself praying to theres Sea bishop or two in depths to attend to your corpse. This is a decidedly Nordic tale, contrary to the supposed rampages of Kraken Around Greece in 1981s awesome film Clash of Titans and its recent remake that should have been loaded onto a ship and sunk to the bottom of the Ocean while it was still just script. Kraken, however, is many beasts in one, perfectly terrifying amalgamation of the worst Sea Monsters humanity has ever dreamt up. Perhaps the most detailed description of Kraken comes from Danish historian Erik Pontoppidan in his Natural History of Norway From 1755. He notes that the beast is round, flat, and full of arms, or branches, and is the largest and most surprising of all animal creation. He cites various fishermen who unanimously affirm, and without least variation in their accounts, that if you row out several miles into the Norwegian Sea in summer, youre in serious danger of falling victim to Kraken. Youll know when you start reeling from an inordinate amount of fish. It Kraken, you see, that scaring them toward the surface. But escaping from its clutches is not impossible. Accomplished rowers can hightail it out of there, and when they find themselves out of danger, they lie upon their oars, and after a few minutes, they see this enormous monster come up to the surface of the water. Its back is mile and half in circumference, and looks at first like a number of small islands. This is an echo of another mythical sea critter: island whale, beast so huge that sailors mistake it for land and anchor to it. Once they build fire on its back, though, it heaves up and drags them all to their doom. But Kraken is far more dexterous in its attacks.
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