Legionnaires' Disease

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 02 May 2022

Legionnaires' disease is a serious type of pneumonia, lung swelling usually brought on by infection. Most people catch Legionnaires' disease by breathing in the bacteria from water or soil. The legionella germs also causes Pontiac fever, a milder illness resembling the flu. Pontiac fever usually gets rid of on its own, but untreated Legionnaires' disease can be deadly. Although timely treatment with antibiotics usually cures Legionnaires' disease, some people remain to have troubles after therapy. Although Legionnaires' disease mainly influences the lungs, it periodically can cause infections in injuries and in other parts of the body, including the heart. Pontiac fever doesn't infect your lungs, and symptoms usually clear within 2 to five days. The bacteria are found in health clubs, potting mix, cozy water supply and man-made systems that use water for air conditioning, heating or industrial processes, such as cooling towers. A person might capture Legionnaires' disease by breathing in great droplets of water which contain the germs. This is a common type of bacteria in the environment, only a couple of people who come in call with the bacteria come to be infected. The symptoms of Legionnaires' disease usually start to appear within 6 days of being subjected to the bacteria. Infection with Legionella occurs with the breathing of an aerosol including germs generated by water droplets, usually coming from an infected water system. Legionella pneumonia has a fatality rate of 10% in the community or 25% if healthcare-associated, which is similar to other types of bacterial pneumonia. Legionnaires' disease was initially identified in very early 1977, when an outbreak of a form of pneumonia affected members going to an American Legion Convention at a resort in Philadelphia in 1976.

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