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Lev Gutkin

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Last Updated: 23 November 2020

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Lev Gutkin

BornLev Solomonovich Gutkin 22 November 1914 Tomsk, Russian Empire
Children2
Died9 February 2011 (aged 96) Moscow
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Lev Solomonovich Gutkin was born on 22 November 1914. In 1931, he graduated from Moscow Telephone Technical School. In 1932 he entered and in 1937 graduated to Electrophysical Faculty of Moscow Power Engineering Institute, majoring in Radio Engineering. His thesis project was nominated for an Academician Petrov Award. He continue his studies at the Institute in the Department of Radio Receiving Devices in the development of Radio compasses. In 1940, Gutkin defended his Candidate of Sciences thesis, which was dedicated to issues of superregenerative Radio reception. In July 1941, although having heart disease, he volunteered to serve in the Red Army. At rank of private he fought in Radio company of tank division in southwestern direction of Kalinin Front. He was promoted to the rank of junior lieutenant and was assigned to the post of Radio control assistant to commander of armored mechanized forces of Kalinin Front. In 1943, State Defense Committee, on petition of Valeria Golubtsova, director of Moscow Power Engineering Institute, was recalled together with a group of young specialists to work there. After the war, Gutkin led research work in the Institute related to analysis and development of complex Radio Engineering Systems. This work played a big role in the development of Radio Engineering in the USSR. In 1952, Gutkn defended his doctoral dissertation, which in 1953 was published in the form of a monograph under the title transformation and detection of ultrahigh frequencies. In 1956 he was Award academic title of professor. In 1961, Gutkin was appointed as head of the newly established Department of Radio Engineering Systems at Moscow Power Engineering Institute and held this position until 1984. Gutkin contributed to development of the theory of optimal Radio reception methods for complex interference, theory of optimizing Systems and Devices for combination of quality indicators, Radio control Systems. The theory of optimal Radio reception is now widely used in space communications, cellular telephones and in receivers of the satellite Radio navigation system Glonass.

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Izmerov returned to Moscow in 1971 and was elected head of the research Institute of Occupational Health and diseases. As head of the Institute, he has do lot to improve the work of the Institute: development of fundamental research in the field of Occupational Health, development of permissible exposure limits, development of manuals and textbooks, implementation of research results in practice of protection of workers. Some of the toxicological research results were used by the World Health Organization and the International Programme on Chemical Safety. The work of the Institute received a positive assessment from American specialists earlier. The Director of the Institute focus attention of his experienced and qualified staff on development of methods of prevention of Occupational diseases; principles and methods of improving working conditions, environment, and saving health of workers. The Institute has become one of the leading Occupational Health institutes in the world. Izmerov was signatorie of the WHO declaration on Occupational Health for All in 1994 as director of the leading national OHS Institute. The Institute established a laboratory of women Occupational Health, Department of social and hygienic research, equipped with modern technology and successfully implementing the latest technology. Specific features of the Soviet centralized plan State management lead to the fact that scientific developments of Institute become requirements of legislation very often, and they were implemented in enterprises. Characteristic feature of these works in the field of Occupational Health was their focus on elimination of causes of diseases and their prevention. This Occupational medicine was integrated with the public health system and with general sanitary hygiene services. According to Western hygienists, this feature leads to the fact that developed requirements were too idealistic. Izmerov became doctor of Medical Sciences in 1973; professor in 1977; and corresponding member of the Academy of Medical Sciences in 1980. He continue international activities as Institute director. Izmerov became an academician in 1986. The Institute developed exposure limits for chemicals, physical hazards., And non-toxic dust. If low level of science and technology do not allow to fulfill requirements, then the Institute has developed classification of working conditions according to degree of danger; and led development of alternative methods of protecting health. Izmerov led development of risk assessment methods for cases of employee's simultaneous exposure to various types of Occupational hazards. The institute was established museum of Occupational hygiene in 1987. Nikolai Izmerov published over 500 journal papers, several textbooks and manuals; and created a school of hygienists. 27 candidates and 32 doctors of science were trained under his leadership and during his consultations. He was editor of articles in Great Medical Encyclopedia, and ILO OHS Encyclopedia; and chief editor of the magazine Occupational Health and Industrial Ecology. Izmerov works at First Moscow State Medical University as head of the Department of Occupational Health.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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