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Levadas Of Madeira

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Last Updated: 29 November 2020

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General | Latest Info

About 3 000km of Levadas to explore, discovering breathtaking landscapes: unique encounter with nature. Alongside its natural beauty, Madeira has another no less surprising beauty to offer: its great network of irrigation channels-Levadas. These waterways are living reminders of the titanic efforts of past generations to distribute abundant water that flows from springs on top of mountains amongst slopes and valleys. They cover several protected areas including, most importantly, Madeira Natural Park and Funchal Ecological Park. Most of trails are quite accessible, but there are varying degrees of difficulty, so you are advised to consult professionals in the field and specific publications on the subject, and use suitable equipment. Apart from footpaths they provide, Levadas are sometimes the only means of access to certain places so isolated that they certainly deserve visit. Explore some of these Levadas to discover the soul of the Island, away from beat track. These magnificent walks give a glimpse of breathtaking landscapes in a perfect encounter with nature. From the deep blue of the sea to the green of high mountains, excitement of going from sea level to 1862 metres is guarantee! Between Levadas and footpaths, you can enjoy the best panoramas that the exuberant nature of Madeira provide. Real Tonic for the routine of everyday life!

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Disclaimer

Portugal's Madeira Islands, which sit between Morocco and Portugal, were named best island destination in Europe for the seventh time in eight years by the World Travel Awards. They have also been named the best island destination in the world five times. Madeira Islands have stunning beaches, natural lava pools, and unique hiking trails along stone irrigation channels. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warns that travel increases your chance of getting and spreading COVID-19. Visit Insider's homepage for more stories. Madeira Islands were recently named best island destination in Europe for the seventh time in eight years by the World Travel Awards. They have also been named the best island destination in the world five times. Madeira Islands, which are part of Portugal, are an archipelago of small islands located in the Atlantic Ocean about 350 miles from Morocco. The two main inhabited islands are Madeira and Porto Santo.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Description

Madeira is famous for its Levadas, or man-make waterways, inserted into all types of slopes, be they wooded and cultivate, going through mountains or even carven into hostile cliff face. The term Levada stems from the Portuguese word: Levar, which means to carry. These Levadas transport water for agricultural purposes as well as for human consumption. More recently, water from Levadas helped produce electricity. The slopes of these waterways are mostly gentle and gravity carries water to sources high up in the mountains to the entire Island. The origin of Levadas can be traced back to the first settlers on Madeira, in the 15 century. Sugar cane fields require even growing amounts of water. Mastery of water flows allowed Madeira to become an important producer of white gold, nickname for sugar. Later expansion of agriculture with Madeira Wine vineyards and banana plantations requires constant extension and improvement of water channels.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Comparison with other similar properties

From a technical point of view, this irrigation system is not exclusive to Madeira Island; however, Madeira Levadas distinguish themselves from other comparable hydraulic systems due to its particularities, specifically as it relates to adverse conditions of accessibility and construction due to island terrain and great length of channels or aqueducts build on such small Island compare to other properties include on World Heritage List, Madeira Levadas have in common with Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman, main purpose of carrying and distributing water, using gravitational force alone, for agricultural Irrigation and water supply for domestic use. However, that system, built over ground with gentle typography, or with little difference in elevations, is unlike the mountainous characteristics where Madeira Levadas network was build. Therefore, from a historical and dimensional perspective, Madeira Levadas is unique. From the early beginnings of their construction in the 15 century, Levadas have been stoically built over the course of various periods, with the ideal of expansionism and establishment of use of water as a common good, with its multiple functions: irrigating farms, supplying peoples ' needs, producing hydroelectric energy and serving as a resource for raising awareness to sustainable tourism. This strategy enables the establishment of an authentic artificial hydrographic system that is truly outstanding, due to its design, execution and vital importance to the survival of the entire population and economic development of the region. The holistic vision of our ancestors in harmonising two hostile elements, rocks and water, in which we see great persistence of Madeiran people in mastering nature, leads to radical change in the landscape, making it richer in vegetation and much more productive, which consequently creates a diversified mosaic of farms and forest.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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