* If you want to update the article please login/register
Areas of lawn can become uneven over time, due to settling, drainage issues, and various natural and unnatural causes. In the least extreme cases, you can solve the problem by topdressing with a thin layer of leveling mix. This is a good solution for widespread unevenness that does not run too deep. More extensive variation in level may require multiple applications of topdressing or, in more extreme cases, filling in deep depressions with soil and reseeding over filled areas. One trick for leveling small depressions or holes covered with healthy grass is to cut out patch of turf and add soil underneath it, then lay the patch back down. Know as sweeping under the carpet, this is a handy technique for leveling localized depressions without having unsightliness of exposed soil on grass, which happens with other methods.
A rough, uneven, bumpy lawn is no fun for anyone. Not only is it a nightmare to mow, but it can also be dangerous to walk on. Luckily, you can level most lawns without professional help. Were here to tell you exactly how to smooth bumpy lawn. There are two different approaches you can take depending on how uneven your lawn is. For milder problems, topdressing is the solution. Whereas for very bumpy lawns, you need to remove turf and flatten the soil underneath. Before you start levelling your lawn, it is important to understand what causes exisiting grass to become uneven in the first place. Once you know the cause, you can take steps to prevent it from happening again. If you find issues such as leaky pipe or grub infestation, then make sure to deal with this before you fix the lawn. If you do bumps and low areas are very likely to reappear. Here are some of the most common causes of bumpy and uneven lawn. Moles love eating grubs. If you have lots of moles burrowing in your garden, this could be a sign of grub infestation. Insect infestations themselves can lead to uneven lawns as they create patchy thin areas of grass. Expose soil erodes faster than soil protected by thick turf, so bare patches can quickly turn into low - lying area. Over fertilization of lawns can also lead to patches and therefore low spots. Settling is a term for general movements within your soil that over time can cause the surface to become uneven. Clay soil is particularly prone to bumpiness. Repeated cycles of freezing and thawing that clay soil experiences over winter months lead to a lot of upheaval within soil. This can create rough surface when the ground thaws in spring. Accelerate settling can happen when big logs that were buried in soil decay, or rocks move around deep in soil. You can use top dressing to sort out lawns with smaller bumps and shallow dips around inch deep. If you have bumps larger than this, then scroll down to the next section on how to smooth uneven lawn by removing turf. For larger bumps, process is a bit more involved. Its sort of like operating on your lawn. You need to remove the turf, level the ground underneath and then replace it. If your grass is really patchy or has low areas that are over 2 inches deep, then the best thing to do is fill holes straight away with soil and then reseed. If you have unhealthy turf, then you can reseed after filling any low areas. There is no need to remove existing grass if it is not in good health because you do want to put back unhealthy turf. When filling hole, make sure to compact and water the soil as you go.
The best time to water the lawn is in early morning. The best time is RIGHT NOW! Watering in morning is best because this allows water to soak deep into soil and allow leaves of grass plants to dry before water evaporates as it gets warmer in the day. If you ca water in the morning, evenings are OK, just try to do it earlier!. You need to water at least once a week for at least an hour, This generally provides 1 - 1. 5 of water to roots. New Seeding Watering: Seed must be kept moist until establish. This will be influenced by the amount of sun, wind and heat you are experiencing in your particular area. It is normal to require 3 - 4 short waterings per day to maintain a moist seedbed. Use a light stream of water to lessen disturbance of the seedbed. In spring and fall, your lawn should be kept at 2. 5 - 3 - inch mark and in hotter and drier summer periods at least 3 inches. Contrary to popular belief, if you cut lawn shorter it doesnt make it grow at a slower rate, it can actually cause it to lose moisture and scorch.
Knowing why your lawn has developed uneven areas helps you decide how to go about leveling them out. Ground settling during the seasonal freeze and thaw cycle is one of the most common causes of bumps on lawn. Buried objects, such as logs or construction debris, can leave pits as they settle and decay. Diseased grass can cause lawn to sink in places. Damage to sprinkler systems or leaking pipes can cause underground erosion. Its usually possible to correct uneven areas like these with minimal damage to your existing grass. For hills or slopes, however, you might need to regrade entire lawn.
Before you can fix bumpy areas on your lawn, you first need to find them. To do this, give your lawn close cut, as long grass can obscure uneven spots. Go over your yard carefully, since it is best to fix all bumps and depressions at once. Before going further with lawn leveling solutions, try to find out why your lawn is bumpy in the first place. In many cases, depression will be the result of water pooling or running off in large amounts. Where this is the case, you may want to consider looking into new drainage solutions, particularly in terms of where your gutters are depositing water into your yard. Bumps are bit less common - usually caused by large rock, root or other object buried under your lawn - like bumps or tunnels caused by moles. By correcting the underlying problem, you can be sure that your yard will remain flat once you have fixed it. Once youve figured out what was causing the problem, it is time to fix it. Start by placing new topsoil in any depressions or hole left from removing raise bump. If there is already grass underneath, try to keep the topsoil thin so that it will grow through. After you have topsoil in place, use lawn leveling rake to go over it and break up any clumps or remove chunks of rock. Try to get it as close to even as possible, employing level if necessary to smaller spots. Depending on how much topsoil you have to put in to make your lawn even, you may find that you have some bare spots where grass doesnt grow through. If this is the case, replant using grass seed in those areas, following steps you usually would, to patch bare spots. Once new grass grows in, youll be amazed at how smooth and even your lawn looks. Part of how to level lawn with topsoil - that many people miss - is allowing new soil to settle. To do this, thoroughly water new soil, then leave it to settle for a couple of days. After watering the lawn, you can visually check the yard in a few days, and check whether it remains level and no settling or water pooling has occurred in unlevel or low areas. If your sight check proves you have no pooling of water, youre probably good to go. If not, though, you can add a bit more topsoil to any remaining low spots - and level it out some more. In no time, you will be on your way to growing healthy grass - and fortunately - or unfortunately, mowing it very soon! Is Rolling Good or Bad For Your Lawn? For many people, rolling the lawn is the obvious way to flatten it out. While rolling is a widely used traditional method, it has some definite drawbacks. First issue: Rolling will only smooth out small bumps and depressions, rather than more significant areas that may be more uneven.
You will need simple TOOLS like bow rake, shovel, garden fork, and thatch rake. Additionally, you will need a wheelbarrow to mix and carry top dressing. A pair of landscaping gloves will come in handy when mixing soil, sand, and compost. Bumps and lumps on your lawn could be as result of disruptions underneath grass cover. These include ants, termites, burrowing animals, and organic matter. Leveling your yard can clear these bumps and enhance the soil structure underneath. Yes, you can use a lawnmower to cut grass and even out the surface of the lawn. However, you should set the lawnmower to low or short setting. It will ensure short cut to prevent damage to stems as you mow. The amount of money you spend on levelling your yard depends on how uneven it is. Also, it depends on the root cause of the problem. For large uneven yards, cost is likely to go higher with more correction steps needed. Also, cost would depend on how much topdressing you need and the size of yard. Adding topsoil to the existing lawn is vital to improve the condition of the grass. However, adding a thick layer can choke existing grass. When leveling your lawn, thin layer of topsoil on grass helps to even out the entire yard after correcting depressions and bumps. Leveling, in some cases, can be distractive practice to existing lawn. Depending on the technique you apply, leveling can either damage or improve the condition of the garden. For example, adding up to 6 inches of topsoil while leveling can choke and kill grass. A thin layer of less than an inch will not affect the health of existing grass. The type of topdressing you use can affect the health of your lawn. Recommend clothing should include sand, topsoil, and compost. This mixture ensure enough air in soil, adds nutrients, and allows grass to grow through. However, ratios of these MATERIALS depend on the condition of existing soil and the purpose of topdressing. Leveling your yard helps improve general appearance. It also ensure it is safe to walk or play on. Additionally, well - level yards contribute to the health of grass and other lawn plants. On a similar note, you cannot overlook how easy it is to maintain a leveled yard. You can follow a DIY procedure to level your backyard without professional help. The steps above are simple to implement alone and achieve even yard. Also, you can follow tutorials like the one below to level your yard easily:
Take a closer look at your grass roots, and determine the amount of thatch on your lawn. A thatch is a layer of decayed grass and other organic material at the base of the turf. Quarter to an inch of thatch is acceptable, but any more than that will prevent grass from getting adequate air and water. If you have more than an inch of thatch, remove it by systematically running thatch rake over the surface to pull it up. Or, if your lawn is larger, run a dethatching machine over it. You can rent a dethatching machine from a home improvement store, and it will make the process much quicker.
Topdressing's benefits are so numerous, it's hard to understand why it is not foundation for every lawn care program. As soil amendment, topdressing can improve soil biology by adding organic matter and beneficial microorganisms found in compost. Soil structure and drainage can be modified by topdressing with sand or other corrective materials. Topdressing regularly can smooth out bumps caused by worm castings and encourages dense, lush lawn. Topdressing reduces lawn stresses, helps keep thatch under control, and acts as long - term natural fertilizer. Adding organic matter to the lawn by topdressing with compost is arguably the most beneficial cultural practice that the science of lawn care has to offer.
You will need both hand tools and simple mechanical tools. At one time, only way to spread composting material was with a shovel, swinging it in broad, sweeping motion. This was very time - consuming and often produced uneven results. Today, there are several products available to make job easier, though it still remains rather tedious. Some of the products recommended for top dressing lawn include: compost Tumbler. Because soil can differ even between neighboring lawns, you will need a compost Tumbler to blend your top dressing materials. The tumbler is an especially good option for composting beginners. Garden Tutor Soil pH Test Strips Kit. You will need an pH testing Kit, and Test Strips are the most cost - effective, accurate tools available. Agri - Fab 100 lb. Tow Spreader. A good spreader is necessary. If you have a large lawn, this one will attach to your riding mower so that you can both cut grass and spread your top dressing at same time. Scotts Turf Builder Classic Drop Spreader. For smaller yards, use this handy push Spreader. Simple design is easy to use and provides even application. Yard Butler Twist Tiller Aeration Hand Tool. Sometimes difficult, packed soil like clay will need to be broken up to permit top dressing to work. This Hand Tool also allows you to apply foot pressure in the center to make task easier. 63 - Inch Adjustable Garden Leaf Rake. After spreading, there are two ways to get top dressing down closer to the roots: watering or raking. If you prefer to Rake area, this is the ideal tool. Also, since most watering is best done in late afternoon or evening and you want top dressing work into grass as soon as possible, timing of your job may require raking surface instead.
Before anything is done to correct bumps and unevenness, you must first diagnose why they occur. Often, there is an underlying problem that needs addressing. Removing this cause before correcting the effect is crucial to finding a long term fix. Sometimes bumps and depressions can be the result of drainage problems, or even broken water or irrigation pipes causing erosion. If there are, for example, two to three low spots around areas where there may be water or drainage pipes, you should investigate to make sure that nothing is leaking. Consult an expert if necessary. Sprinkler systems are common culprit for erosion since water lines are prone to damage and the whole system requires regular maintenance. To investigate, check that spray heads and rotors are working correctly and popping up to their full height, that nozzles are not clogging or damage, and that heads are not leaking. Ground settling is another common cause of bumpy lawn.S Over time, settling occurs, which causes depression. This is largely unavoidable. Specifically, if you have a new lawn, or if youve had yard work do or large equipment on your lawn. Freezing and thawing cycles can accentuate this in cold - winter climates. These cycles can cause soil to heave and become bumpy and uneven. In spring, bumps often appear as clay soil thaws unevenly. It can heave and create ripples in your lawn like a bunch - up carpet. Another source of lawn bumpiness is simply having a thin lawn from disease or insect problems that is weakening the area. This results in patches of bare soil. These areas then erode even deeper with rainfall, wind, and activity, resulting in depression when compared to surrounding area of healthy lawn. This was the primary source of unevenness in my front yard. Other sources of bumps can include buried objects such as wood debris from construction, people walking on lawns that are too soft, and animals. Animals, both wild and domestic, sometimes dig holes in lawns. If bumps are from burrowing animals, like ground hogs or moles, they will have to be removed or repel. Lastly, ant mounds can cause significant bumps. These will be readily apparent, due to the presence of ants. Ants do harm to grass, for the most part, and can actually help keep other pests in check,. However, when they form large mounds, it becomes a problem.
What if you have a few really low spots on your lawn? For these spots, topdressing is probably not your best course of action as it could take a while to work. Instead, you should consider removing sod, correcting the cause of sinking, and then back filling with new soil with enough extra to allow for settling. Remove sod can be put back in place. Follow the steps below: remove sod over low spot if the area is bigger than 1 foot square, cut out multiple chunks and set them aside. I recommend not cutting pieces any wider than 18 strips. Gently pull them up so that the roots separate from the soil. Roll up strips to keep them moist. Move them to shady spot if youre in sun; Shovel enough topsoil into hole that, once you replace sod, area will be even; As you shovel soil into hole, add water to settle the soil. This will remove air pockets; replace sod if it is still in good shape, or replace it with new sod or seed; and water grass thoroughly. I recommend not doing this project right after heavy rain. The soil will be thick and damp and hard to handle.
The first step in correcting the problem of your uneven lawn is diagnosing what created the problem. Of course, you wo be able to change what Mother Nature naturally throws at your turfgrass, but you can give your lawn what it needs to bring it back to a level of green, healthy lushness. On the other hand, if its problem that can potentially be corrected, like animal digging or lacking lawn care creating pest and disease problems, you need to fix the problem first before you go about your lawn - leveling tasks. Otherwise, youll quickly end up with the same problems rearing their ugly heads again and youll be back on square one uneven lawn. For example, if you have problems with animals digging holes or creating higher spots and tunnels, you need to figure out ways to remove problem animals from your yard. If your pet dog is a digger, consider designating an area where Fido can fulfill his digging tendencies in an out - of - sight location. Treat pest or disease problems and if your turfgrass is naturally thinning due to age or too thick thatch, remove thatch, do any lawn - leveling tasks, aerate and then reseed or install new sod. In addition, maintain proper lawn care practices by fertilizing at appropriate times and performing soil test, if you feel your soil lacks necessary nutrients.
Plex.page is an Online Knowledge, where all the summarized are written by a machine. We aim to collect all the knowledge the World Wide Web has to offer.
© All rights reserved
2021 made by Algoritmi Vision Inc.
If your domain is listed as one of the sources on any summary, you can consider participating in the "Online Knowledge" program, if you want to proceed, please follow these instructions to apply.
However, if you still want us to remove all links leading to your domain from Plex.page and never use your website as a source, please follow these instructions.