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Level of consciousness (Esotericism)

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Last Updated: 15 September 2020

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The history of Western Esotericism from antiquity to the present is filled with reports of unusual and sometimes spectacular experiences that claim to convey higher, deeper, or even absolute knowledge about the true nature of reality. Some typical examples are many references to direct supra - rational gnosis, ecstatic experiences, and states of divine mania or possession from antiquity to present; visionary travels to other places, other worlds, or other levels of reality, as well as to past or future periods and events; visionary encounters with intermediary beings; hearing of inner voices, receiving or channeling of spiritual messages, and communication with disembodied entities; and ineffable experiences that are difficult or impossible to express through normal discursive language. Common to all such reports is that they fall within the general phenomenology of human consciousness and seem to require some kind of modification or alteration of normal or average mental states that allow us to negotiate consensus reality. All this makes the experiential dimension of Western Esotericism extremely relevant to academic disciplines such as cognitive studies, consciousness research, psychology, or psychiatry. Esswe7 will be the first major international conference to bring these perspectives into conversation with one another in the context of study of Western Esotericism. On level of humanities and social sciences, we hope that the conference will provide participants with an ideal opportunity for learning about the phenomenology of unusual experiences across the entire historical spectrum of Western Esotericism from antiquity to present. Here the emphasis will be on empirical research and specialist knowledge about specific historical and contemporary cases. Furthermore, on the level of study of consciousness, we hope to explore larger and more theoretical questions concerning such topics as taxonomy and etiology of altered states, their neurobiological foundations, or their relevance to wider concerns such as cognitive functioning or mental health. Here the emphasis will be on how such approaches may help us understand and even explain the rich record of historical and empirical materials central to Western Esotericism and, conversely, how these can serve as case studies for study of consciousness more in general. During ESSWE7 20 anniversary of the Center for History of Hermetic Philosophy and Related Currents at University of Amsterdam was celebrate. Prof. Yulia Ustinova, prof. Karl Baier and prof. Sonu Shamdasani call for Papers / Sessions: Academic ambitions for this conference are high. While we are aiming for a large and inclusive conference, paper and session proposals will go through careful selection procedure so as to make sure that the final program will have a sharp focus on conference theme. We encourage creative and innovative thinking across disciplines combined with deep analysis of specific contexts, materials, sources, or topics. As ESSWE wants to provide a podium for intensive contact and exchange between scholars at all levels of academy, graduate and post - graduate students as well as more experienced or established scholars are all encouraged to participate and submit proposals for papers.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

History

Neuropsychologists view consciousness as ingrain in neural systems and organic brain structures. The major part of modern scientific literature on consciousness consists of studies that examine the relationship between experiences reported by subjects and activity that simultaneously take place in their brainsthat. Is, studies of neural correlates of consciousness. The hope is to find activity in particular part of the brain, or particular pattern of global brain activity, that will be strongly predictive of conscious awareness. Several brain - imaging techniques, such as EEG and fMRI, have been used for physical measures of brain activity in these studies.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Mayans

Table

CycleFirst YearConsciousness DevelopedDescription
Cellular16.4 billion years agoAction/ReactionDeveloped all physical laws, chemical compounds, star fields, solar systems, and planets
Mammalian820 million years agoStimulus/ResponseIndividual cells from the Cellular cycle began to develop a survival mechanism with increased consciousness toward stimuli and responses
Familial41 million years agoStimulus/Individual ResponseRecognition of individuals and establishment of the family relationship as opposed to herd, school, or flock mentalities
Tribal2 million years agoSimilarities/DifferencesDevelopment of "the mind" to detect similarities and differences in our experience
Cultural102,000 years ago(Shared) ReasonsSearch for reasons for everything, as a basis of all cultural understanding
National3115 BCELawConcept of right and wrong
Planetary1755 CEPowerUnderstanding and derivation of power from natural laws
GalacticJanuary 5, 1999EthicsUnderstanding of ethical matters
UniversalFebruary 10, 2011Conscious Co-CreationAchievement of godlike status of all-knowing consciousness

Chapter 1 Legacy of Maya Return of Sacred Calendar Almost everyone who has studied ancient civilizations of Mesoamerica agrees that the road to understanding their cosmologythe way these people look upon the worldruns through their Calendar. Clearly, Maya were people who had developed the most advanced calendrical system. Until the crushing of Mexicas, entire region, reaching into the United States, shared the core of this Calendar system, 260 - day Sacred Calendar. Before the arrival of Spanish, whole region was spiritually synchronized through use of this same Calendar. It may seem odd that a calendar could be this important. Most would think the choice of calendar is rather arbitrary and has little influence on the worldview of civilization. But perhaps it is exactly because choice of calendar appears so unimportant, like mere convention, that it has become a blind spot in our consciousness. The Gregorian Calendar, instituted by Pope Gregory in 1582 and now in use worldwide, is taken as give, and there seems little reason to replace or complement it. But what if this Calendar exerts insidious indoctrination that most people are unaware of and strengthens a worldview that is false? This book is written partly to highlight this indoctrination and hold up the true Sacred Calendar as an alternative. It is as alternative to the worldview imposed on us by the Gregorian Calendar that the traditional Mayan Calendar is now reemerging from the ashes. This Sacred Calendar is a codification of the Mayan Universe of Holy Time. To make things worse, Mayan Calendar has been largely misrepresented by regular tourist guides and textbooks. Typically, standard books emphasize how advanced the Mayan sciences of mathematics and astronomy were in ancient days. While this may be true, it is almost entirely beside point and by itself would not be good cause for revival of the Mayan Calendar. After all, astronomical measurements of today's scientists are much more accurate than those of ancient Maya, and if astronomy was all there was to it, there would be no good reason for us to invest deeper interest. What is important to today's world are not the astronomical aspects of the Mayan Calendar but spiritual. Aspects Through spiritually based nonastronomical calendars, tun and Tzolkin, true, and unparalleled, contribution of Maya to modern humanity is to be find. Tzolkin, meaning Count of Days in Yucatec Maya, is also known as the Sacred Calendar. In Guatemala, Quiche - Maya people have kept this Calendar intact for a period of 2 500 years through diligent observance of the Calendar by so - called day - keepers, men and women endowed with special responsibility of keeping track of days. Through comparisons with dates on old stelae, archaeologists have been able to verify that not a single day has been lost in 2 500 years. The Mayan Calendar is still being used

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Neural Underpinnings of Consciousness

There have been a number of electrophysiological and neuroimaging studies in altered states of consciousness including dissociative conditions, hypnosis, and meditation; however, nature and clinical significance of trance states remain elusive. Alterations of consciousness that accompany trance can shed light on brain networks contributing to experience of autobiographical self; subjective demarcation of self from others and reality at large; and normative vs. Pathological domains of self - experience. Shamanic trance is a volitional, self - induced state of consciousness that historically serves purposes of social cohesion and healing interventions in diverse tribal settings. We present first neurophysiological study of a normal subject, who has received extensive training in Mongolian shamanic tradition and is capable of self - inducing trance state without external sensory stimulation. Quantitative EEG mapping and LORETA source imaging indicate that shamanic state of consciousness involves shift from normally dominant leave analytical to right experiential mode of self - experience, and from normally dominant anterior prefrontal to posterior somatosensory mode. These findings have implications for psychobiology of normative conscious mode of awareness and neurophysiological processes contributing to dissociative, psychotic, and transpersonal domains of self - experience. They may be used as foundation to bridge Western and traditional healing techniques.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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