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Lifestyle Diseases Are Caused By A Combination

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

Lifestyle diseases share risk factors similar to prolonged exposure to three modifiable lifestyle behaviours-smoking, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity-and result in development of chronic diseases, specifically heart disease, stroke, diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary Disease, and some types of Cancer. These illnesses used to be considered diseases of industrialized countries, so-call western diseases or diseases of affluence; However, internationally they are known as non-communicable and chronic diseases, part of the degenerative diseases group. Chronic disease can result in loss of independence, years of disability, or death, and impose a considerable economic burden on health services. Today, chronic diseases are a major public health problem worldwide. In 2005, World Health Organization estimated that 61 per cent of all deaths-35 million-and 49 per cent of the Global burden of Disease were attributable to chronic diseases. By 2030, proportion of total Global deaths due to chronic diseases is expected to increase to 70 per cent and the Global burden of disease to 56 per cent. The greatest increase is anticipated in African and Eastern Mediterranean regions. The World Health Assembly adopted a resolution in 2000 on Prevention and Control of chronic diseases. It calls on its Member States to develop national policy frameworks, taking into account Healthy Public policies as well as fiscal and taxation measures towards healthy and unhealthy goods and services. Resolution also asks to establish programmes for Prevention and Control of chronic diseases; assess and monitor mortality and proportion of sickness in area due to chronic diseases; promote effective secondary and tertiary Prevention; and develop guidelines for cost-effective screening, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic diseases, with special emphasis on developing countries. The combination of four healthy lifestyle factors-maintaining healthy weight, exercising regularly, following a healthy diet, and not smoking-seem to be associated with as much as an 80 per cent reduction in the risk of developing the most common and deadly chronic diseases. This reinforces current Public Health recommendations for observance of Healthy Lifestyle Habits, and because the roots of these habits often originate during formative stages of life, it is especially important to start early in teaching important lessons concerning Healthy Living. However, despite the well known benefits of a healthy lifestyle, only a small proportion of adults follow such a routine; in fact, numbers are declining. Unfortunately, there is very little public awareness of the association between health and lifestyle. Many are unaware that change in lifestyle is an important factor in the emergence of chronic diseases as causes of increased morbidity and mortality. Lifestyle is-generally considered a personal issue. However, lifestyles are social practices and ways of living adopted by individuals that reflect personal, group, and socio-economic identities. Modest but achievable adjustments to lifestyle behaviours are likely to have considerable impact at individual and population level. Health professionals and media now repeatedly carry the message that to remain healthy, people need to adopt healthy behaviours.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Four Major Lifestyle Diseases

Longside awareness, number of countries have also started to fight back against marketing and consumption of unhealthy foods with taxes on harmful foods and drinks. This replicates the strategy developed countries have taken in tackling tobacco and alcohol consumption. For Rebecca Perl, director of partnerships and initiatives at US-base non-governmental organisation, Vital Strategies, taxes can go a long way towards reducing consumption of unhealthy food and drinks. Taxes are win-win, says Ms Perl. They help people reduce use of unhealthy products but also bring money to governments to put health policies in place. Mexico, where more than 70 per cent of the population is overweight or obese, is already reaping benefits from such a levy. In 2014, country will introduce a tax of 1 peso per litre of sugary drink.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

DISCUSSION

According to a research paper published in prestigious Lancet, there is corroborative evidence that diet and lifestyle are playing a major role in predisposition to various diseases like cancer. In many countries, peoples' diets changed substantially in the second half of the twentieth century with an increase in consumption of meat, dairy products, vegetable oils, fruit juice, and alcoholic beverages, and a decrease in consumption of starchy staple foods such as bread, potatoes, rice, and maize flour. Other aspects of lifestyle also change, notably, large reductions in physical activity and the prevalence of obesity. In the 1970s, it was noted that people in many Western countries had diets high in animal products, fat, and sugar, and high rates of cancer of the colorectum, breast, prostate, endometrium, and lung; by contrast, individuals in developing countries usually had diets which were based on one or two starchy staples foods, with low intakes of animal products, fat, and sugar, and low rates of these cancers. These observations suggest that the diet of different populations might partly determine their rates of cancer, and the basis for this hypothesis was strengthened by results of studies showing that people WHO migrate from one country to another generally acquire cancer rates in their new host country, suggesting that environmental rather than genetic factors are key determinants of international variation in cancer rates. With the advancement of our lifestyle, we have become dependent on technology and gadgets which directly have an impact on our health. In a study conducted by Dr. Masayuki Tatemichi, Toho University School of Medicine, heavy computer use could be linked to glaucoma, especially among those WHO are short-sight. Glaucoma is caused by increased fluid pressure within the eye compressing nerves in the back, which can lead to blindness if not treat. Workers classified as heavy computer users were more likely to be long-sight or short-sight. Around a third of these workers had suspected glaucoma. Upon further analysis, heavy computer use, suspect glaucoma and short-sightedness appear to be interlink. Regular spending a lot of time in front of computer may lead to neck and back pain because the body is going to begin to change and adapt to take on this frequent activity. Front neck muscles will slowly grow shorter and tighter, while muscles in the back of the neck will grow longer and weaker. Stiffening of the neck is also a common problem along with headache, fatigue and exhaustion. A wrong sitting or standing posture while working gives strain to the backbone and causes chronic back pain. Heat generated by laptops keep on lap of males cause decrease in sperm count. Another extensively used gadget is the mobile phone, which is supposed to be culprit for a number of diseases and ailments, although its adverse effects on humans are yet to be established and validate.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

CONCLUSIONS

The Western lifestyle, characterized by convenience food, TV and PCs, is taking its toll on children as well as adults, and is producing increased numbers of overweight, passive youngsters with lifestyle diseases. Kids spend too much time slouching in front of the TV or PCs, should be encouraged to find physical sport or activity they enjoy. Fun exercises should be encouraged in family outings. Pizza-and-video evenings should be replaced by hikes and picnic. Kids who do participate in sport, especially at a high competitive level, can find pressure to succeed very stressful. It's important that parents watch out for signs of psychological strain, as well as physical fatigue from overtraining. Young athletes also have specific nutritional needs that require extra attention. A diet of only junk food, overeating and lack of physical activity are not only responsible for diseases related to nutrition, but also anorexia nervosa, which involves many people starving themselves to maintain their figure. This type of disease is more prevalent in the fashion and the showbiz industry. A healthy lifestyle must be adopted to combat these diseases with a proper balance of diet, physical activity and by giving due respect to the biological clock. To decrease ailments caused by occupational postures, one should avoid long sitting hours and should take frequent breaks for stretching or for other work involving physical movements. Ergonomic chairs should be designed based on human control to fit the right sitting posture so that uneven pressure on joints and muscles may be minimize. In this revolutionized era, we cannot stop doing developmental work, but we can certainly reduce our ailments by incorporating these simple and effective measures into our lives.


Introduction

Non-communicable diseases, once considered diseases of affluence, have now encroached on low-and middle-income countries, where three quarters of worldwide NCD deaths occur. In China, more than eight out of ten deaths are caused by NCDs, with ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cancer, and chronic respiratory diseases posing the greatest threat. With the development of drug therapy for NCDs, more people are living with chronic conditions. However, escalating treatment expenditure is becoming unbearable, especially for poorer countries. Were we to still rely heavily on treatment, global health resources would be inadequate to tackle the growing epidemic. Hence, population-wide primary prevention target at reducing exposure of risk factors should be the overarching priority for response to this global crisis. Combine impact of lifestyle factors, including tobacco smoking, excessive alcohol intake, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and obesity, on mortality has been prospectively evaluated mostly in western populations. Meta-analysis shows that the combination of at least four healthy lifestyle factors lowers all-cause mortality risk by 66 %. Some studies also demonstrate considerably lower risks of cardiovascular and cancer mortality ascribed to a healthy lifestyle. However, no prior studies have focused on respiratory disease mortality, which is thought to be closely linked to infection, occupational hazards, and ambient and household air pollution in low-and middle-income countries. It is uncertain to what extent respiratory disease mortality is attributable to unhealthy lifestyle in this population. Also, there exist racial / ethnic disparities in disease subtype composition. For example, East Asia, notably China, has higher stroke incidence and a higher proportion of haemorrhagic stroke. The effectiveness of lifestyle modification strategy in NCD prevention among non-white populations remains to be investigate. The Present Study uses data from China Kadoorie Biobank Study, nationwide prospective cohort of 0. 5 million adults. We aim to examine associations of combination of healthy lifestyle factors with risks of all-cause and cause-specific mortality, and estimate the proportion of deaths that could theoretically be prevented through lifestyle modification during 10-year period. Specifically, we seek to gain insight into possibly different impacts on specific causes of death.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Lifestyle Changes

Several lines of evidence indicate that realistic modifications of diet and lifestyle can prevent most CAD, stroke, diabetes, colon cancer, and smoking-related Cancers. Less progress has been made in identifying practically modifiable causes of breast and prostate cancers. One line of evidence is based on declines in CAD in countries that have implemented preventive programs. Rates of CAD mortality have been cut in half in several high-income countries, including Australia, United Kingdom, and the United States. The most dramatic example is that of Finland. Other evidence derives from randomized Intervention studies. These often have serious limitations for estimating the potential magnitude of benefits, because typically only one or few factors are modify, durations are usually only a few years, and noncompliance with lifestyle change is often substantial. Nevertheless, some examples are illustrative of potential benefit. In two randomized studies among adults at high risk of Type 2 diabetes, those assigned to Program emphasizing dietary changes, weight loss, and physical activity experienced only half the risk of incident diabetes. The Lyon Heart Study, conducted among those with existing heart disease, found Mediterranean-Type diet high in omega-3 fatty acids reduced recurrent infarction by 70 percent compared with the American Heart Association diet. The third approach is to estimate the percentage of disease that is potentially preventable by reducing multiple behavioral risk factors using prospective cohort studies. Among US adults, more than 90 percent of Type 2 diabetes, 80 percent of CAD, 70 percent of stroke, and 70 percent of colon cancer are potentially preventable by combination of nonsmoking, avoidance of overweight, moderate physical activity, healthy diet, and moderate alcohol consumption. Collectively, these findings indicate that low rates of these diseases suggested by international comparisons and time trends are attainable by realistic, moderate changes that are compatible with 21-century lifestyles.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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