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Long Cold Contagious

Summarized by PlexPage
Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

Both colds and flu are contagious and are caused by viruses. However, viruses that cause colds are not the same as those that cause flu. Although the typical incubation period for influenza is about one to four days, some adults can be contagious from about one day before onset of symptoms for up to two weeks. Other people who develop complications, such as pneumonia, may extend contagious period for week or two. For colds, most individuals become contagious about day before cold symptoms develop and remain contagious for about five to seven days. Some children may pass flu viruses for longer than seven days. Colds are considered upper respiratory infections. Flu may also cause lower respiratory infections. For both cold and flu, early symptoms may be similar. Symptoms and signs include cough, runny nose, and feeling tire. If you know you have had contact with someone with a cold or flu in the past few days, you should suspect you may have become infected. However, flu symptoms are generally more intense than cold symptoms. People with flu can develop fever, body aches, chills, and headaches, and some develop nausea and vomiting. Cold symptoms are much milder and usually do not require medical care. However, if you suspect you have the flu, you should seek medical care. Flu is often diagnosed with rapid tests available to most physicians. Common colds and flu are easily spread from person to person, Flu is most often by droplets produced by coughing and sneezing. Cold viruses in droplets are spread mainly hand to hand. These droplets contain infectious viruses. Occasionally, these droplets land on various surfaces and, depending on the survivability of virus type, can be transferred when an uninfected individual touches contaminated surface and subsequently touches his / her mouth or nose. In most instances, individuals with a cold will resolve their symptoms without medical intervention in about one week, although sometimes cough may last longer. However, at this point in time, cough is not spreading contagious virus. When cold symptoms and signs resolve, person is cure of cold. Flu is similar except that symptoms are more severe and, in some individuals, medical intervention may be require. However, depending upon influenza strain and severity of infection, some individuals may require hospitalization. A cure for these individuals occurs when symptoms resolve and the patient is discharged from hospital. Stomach flu is not caused by cold or by flu viruses. The term stomach flu is a nonspecific term that describes symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Although these symptoms may occur with the flu, flu is a respiratory infection. In most individuals with only stomach flu, causes are usually non - flu type viruses. Similarly, cold sores are not actually caused by cold viruses but by herpesviruses.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Respiratory allergies

Table

SymptomsColdAllergy
CoughUsuallySometimes
Body achesSometimesNever
FatigueSometimesSometimes
Itchy or watery eyesRarelyUsually
SneezingUsuallyUsually
Runny noseUsuallyUsually
Stuffy noseUsuallyUsually
FeverRarelyNever
HeadacheSometimesSometimes
Chest discomfortSometimesRarely

Your sneezing, sniffling nose, and watery eyes might not be contagious at all. If they happen at certain times of year and they stick around for a few weeks or months, you could have allergies. Allergies can be triggered by irritants in your environment, such as: pollen, pet dander dust mites mold. One way to tell the difference between allergies and contagious infection is that allergies typically do cause symptoms such as fever and body aches. Avoiding your triggers is the best way to ward off allergy symptoms. To relieve allergy symptoms when they happen, try taking one or more of these medications: antihistamines block the effects of histamine. Your immune system releases this chemical when you have an allergic reaction. Some antihistamines can make you tire. They can also cause other side effects such as constipation and dry mouth. Decongestants narrow blood vessels in your nose to bring down swelling and reduce running. These drugs can make you jittery, keep you awake at night, and increase your blood pressure or heart rate. Nasal steroids control inflammation and related swelling in your nose. Some steroid solutions can dry out your nose or cause nosebleeds.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

Table2

SymptomsColdFluAirborne Allergy
FeverRareUsual, high (100-102 F), sometimes higher, especially in young children); lasts 3-4 daysNever
HeadacheUncommonCommonUncommon
General Aches, PainsSlightUsual; often severeNever
Fatigue, WeaknessSometimesUsual, can last up to 3 weeksSometimes
Extreme ExhaustionNeverUsual, at the beginning of the illnessNever
Stuffy, Runny NoseCommonSometimesCommon
SneezingUsualSometimesUsual
Sore ThroatCommonSometimesSometimes
CoughCommonCommon, can become severeSometimes
Chest DiscomfortMild to moderateCommonRare, except for those with allergic asthma
TreatmentGet plenty of rest. Stay hydrated. (Drink plenty of fluids.) Decongestants. Aspirin (ages 18 and up), acetaminophen, or ibuprofen for aches and painsGet plenty of rest. Stay hydrated. Aspirin (ages 18 and up), acetaminophen, or ibuprofen for aches, pains, and fever Antiviral medicines (see your doctor)Avoid allergens (things that youre allergic to) Antihistamines Nasal steroids Decongestants
PreventionWash your hands often. Avoid close contact with anyone who has a cold.Get the flu vaccine each year. Wash your hands often. Avoid close contact with anyone who has the flu.Avoid allergens, such as pollen, house dust mites, mold, pet dander, cockroaches.
ComplicationsSinus infection middle ear infection, asthmaBronchitis, pneumonia; can be life-threateningSinus infection, middle ear infection, asthma

ALLERGIES, COLD, COVID-19: MOST COMMON SYMPTOMS FOR EACH

SYMPTOMSALLERGIESCOLDCOVID-19
Body AchesRarely
ChillsNoNo
FeverNoRarely
HeadacheSometimesSometimesSometimes
Nasal CongestionRarely
Runny NoseRarely
SneezingRarely
Itchy/Watery EyesNoNo
Dry CoughSometimes
Shortness of BreathSometimesSometimes
WheezingSometimesSometimes
Loss of SmellMildRarely
Sore ThroatSometimesSometimes
Nausea, Vomiting, DiarrheaNoSometimesSometimes
* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Mastoiditis

Sinusitis refers to infection of one or more of paranasal sinus cavities. Acute upper respiratory viral infections that cause common cold all involve paranasal sinuses. The vast majority of these infections are self - limiting and do not require treatment with antibiotics. Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis is more precise name for a condition caused by bacterial pathogens, and like AOM, it typically occurs when drainage is impaired secondary to inflammation associated with recent viral infection. Fortunately, only a small number of colds become complicated by acute bacterial sinusitis. While viruses and bacteria account for most infections of paranasal sinuses, molds can cause some more severe disease.S Immune - compromised patients are particularly vulnerable to these disfiguring, often fatal mold infections.


Are ear infections contagious?

Are ear infections contagious if they are in outer ear? There are a number of factors that can result in outer ear infection, and fortunately, none of them are contagious. The primary risk factor of developing outer ear infection is irritation of the ear canal. This occurs when water, sand, or other debris irritates the ear canal. Often this occurs after swimming, which is what causes ear infections of this sort to be colloquially termed swimmers ear. Swimming in dirty water with high bacteria counts is likely to result in outer ear infection. Bacteria are the most likely culprit of outer ear infection, but fungal infections are possible and, even more rarely, viral infections can occur here as well. Each type of microorganism tends to infect the ear canal by similar causes of ear infections. Too much moisture in your ear - Bacteria like water. When excess water remains in your ear canal after swimming, showering, sweating, or from excessively humid weather, bacterial infections are more likely to occur. Scratches, abrasions, or other irritations to the ear canal - skin inside the ear canal is very sensitive and small perturbations can cause irritation or temporary damage. If that occur, bacteria will be more likely to grow inside the ear canal. Cleaning earwax out of the ear using cotton swabs or hairpins is not recommended as it can cause irritation of the ear canal and be what causes ear infections. Furthermore, using cotton swabs is most likely to push earwax further into the ear canal, causing blockage and reduced hearing. Other objects in the ear that can be causes of ear infections after irritating ear canal include: fingers, headphones, hearing aids, etc. Do not use ear candles to clean out earwax, they can result in burns and other issues. Sensitivity reactions - Other objects can irritate ear canal such as hairspray and jewelry. Jewelry can be irritating for people with eczema or allergies.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Cold Incubation Period

Most colds are caused by rhinoviruses carrying in invisible droplets in the air or on things we touch. These viruses can get into the protective lining of the nose and throat, setting off immune system reaction that can cause sore throat, headache, and trouble breathing through the nose. Dry air indoors or outside can lower resistance to infection by viruses that cause colds. So can being a smoker or being around someone who smoke. Smokers are more likely to catch colds than people who don't smoke, and their symptoms will probably be worse and last longer, and can even lead to bronchitis or pneumonia. But despite some old wives ' tales, not wearing a jacket or sweater when it's chilly, sitting or sleeping in draft, and going outside while your hair's wet do not cause colds.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

How Does a Cold Spread?

The most important factor in reducing the spread of viral infections is creating healthy habits during cold and flu season. Drinking plenty of water, eating a healthy diet, and getting plenty of rest are advise. These simple practices can help reduce symptoms and make any time with illness as comfortable as possible. When symptoms are showing, few steps can help protect others from catching illnesses, including: covering cough: When people cough or sneeze, cover their mouth and nose with tissue or elbow of sleeve if no tissue is available. A spray of saliva or mucus contains viruses that may increase the risk of spreading. Getting rid of tissues: If possible, discard tissues immediately after use. Using new tissue each time decreases contact with viruses and keeps hands as clean as possible. Washing frequently: Reducing the spread of cold and flu viruses can be as simple as regularly washing hands, especially after coming into contact with bodily fluids. If possible, people with cold or flu should try to avoid direct contact with other people or public items like telephones and door handles. If symptoms become difficult to manage, some people choose to stay home from work or school and opt out of social activities. This helps prevent the spread of illness while also taking care of personal well - being.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Protecting Yourself and Others

If you have a cold, you should follow these tips to help prevent it spreading to other people: stay at home while you are sick and keep children out of school or daycare while they are sick. Avoid close contact with others, such as hugging, kissing, or shaking hands. Move away from people before coughing or sneezing. Cough and sneeze into tissue then throw it away, or cough and sneeze into your upper shirt sleeve, completely covering your mouth and nose. Wash your hands after coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nose. Disinfect frequently touch surfaces and objects, such as toys and doorknobs. There is no vaccine to protect you against the common cold.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Treating cold and flu

Both cold and flu cause symptoms that can disrupt daily life. In most cases, viral infections run their course relatively quickly without any treatment. Many people find relief after treating symptoms of these illnesses, however. A wide range of drugs help treat symptoms of cold and flu. These are available over counter. There is also a selection of cold and flu medication available for purchase online. These medications may be useful if severe symptoms make normal function difficult. In some people with influenza, doctors may prescribe antiviral medications. Some people choose to take preventive action against the flu in the form of vaccines. Creating vaccine for constantly evolving viruses is difficult. However, CDC reports that vaccines reduce the risk of contracting flu by 40 - 60 percent if vaccine is suitable for particular type of virus that is circulating. Many other factors can restrict the effectiveness of flu vaccine, but the CDC advises that vaccine is the best way to prevent the flu. Some people believe that flu vaccine can cause the flu. However, it cannot. After injection, some people experience aches in their arms the next day. This is a mild immune reaction to shot and should be resolved in a day or two. Because flu shots take two weeks to become fully effective, some people might also have already caught flu when they get shot or shortly afterward. Manufacturers produce flu vaccines either from inactive viruses or viral components, as opposed to live viruses. Therefore, people cannot get flu from flu shot. In most cases, treating symptoms of the virus and taking steps towards healthy lifestyle choices can help prevent the spread of illness.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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