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Lymphoma

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 01 May 2022
lymphoma, non-hodgkin, childhood,  stage i "lymphoma, non-hodgkin, childhood, stage i", by Terese Winslow (Illustrator). Stage I childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma; drawing shows cancer in one group of lymph nodes. An inset shows a lymph node with a lymph vessel, an artery, and a vein. Lymphoma cells containing cancer are shown...

Lymphoma is a cancer of a part of the immune system called the lymph system. There are many types of lymphoma. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas begin when a type of white blood cell, called a T cell or B cell, becomes abnormal. A lot of the moment, physicians do not know why an individual gets non-Hodgkin lymphoma. You go to increased risk if you have a weakened body immune system or have specific types of infections. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma can cause many symptoms, such as: Swollen, pain-free lymph nodes in the neck, underarms or groin; Unexplained weight management; Fever; Soaking evening sweats; Coughing, difficulty breathing or breast pain; Weakness and tiredness that don't go away; Pain, swelling or a feeling of volume in the abdominal area. Your physician will identify lymphoma with a physical test, blood tests, a chest x-ray, and a biopsy. Targeted therapy uses drugs or other substances that attack specific cancer cells with less injury to normal cells. Biologic therapy improves your body's own capacity to eliminate cancer. There are 2 types of lymphocytes, T cells and B cells. Like all cancers, lymphoma is the result of mutations in DNA that instruct the cells on how to grow, and the cells often grow out of control and live longer than they should. These disease cells then proceed to multiply at a quick rate, producing more disease cells. In Hodgkin lymphoma, cases are primarily seen in two tops, typically in young adults 20 to 40, and again in older people over 55. Whether as a result of an immune disease or immune suppressive drugs, lymphoma is more common in people with an impaired immune system. Your primary doctor will begin by asking you about your medical background and symptoms and perform a physical examination. Blood tests: The number of leukocyte, platelets and red blood cells may come to be low when lymphoma infects the bone marrow. Lymph Node Biopsy: A treatment in which a part of or an entire lymph node is operatively removed so it can be checked out under a microscope to try to find the existence of lymphoma cells. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy: A surgical procedure in which a slim, hollow needle is inserted into the hip bone to get rid of a small quantity of liquid bone marrow so it can be assessed under a microscope.

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