Malaria is a lethal disease brought on by bloodsuckers that are transferred to people via the bites of infected female Anopheles insects. There are 5 parasite types that cause malaria in humans, and 2 of these varieties, Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax, present the best threat. Children under 5 years old are the most susceptible group affected by malaria; in 2020, they accounted for about 80% of all malaria deaths in the WHO African Region. Children with serious malaria often develop several of the adhering to symptoms: extreme anaemia, respiratory distress in connection with metabolic acidosis, or cerebral malaria. National malaria control programs require to take special steps to safeguard these population groups from malaria infection, taking into account their specific situations. Malaria is brought on by being attacked by a contaminated mosquito. It can take just 1 bite to get it. Malaria is not found in the UK and you can not capture it from another individual. If you're travelling to an area where malaria is found, get suggestions from a GP, pharmacist, travel or nurse clinic prior to you go. It's ideal to do this at least 4 to 6 weeks prior to you take a trip, but you can still get suggestions in the nick of time if you require to. You may be recommended antimalarial tablets to decrease the risk of getting malaria and told just how you can protect against mosquito attacks. Seek clinical help immediately if you develop symptoms throughout or after a visit to an area where malaria is found. You ought to get the results of your blood test on the same day. There are several types of Plasmodia parasites, however only 4 cause malaria in people. When an infected insect bites an individual, it passes the parasites into the bloodstream. Malaria is not found in Northern Ireland but it may be detected in visitors who return to Northern Ireland from risk areas.
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