A bone marrow transplant is the removal of bone marrow from a single person and the return of its blood-forming cells later on to the same individual or the transfer of the blood-forming cells to somebody else. Bone marrow is the soft, sponge-like tissue found within the cavities of bones which contain blood-forming and fat tissue. These blood cells include: white blood cells, which fight infection; red cell, which carry oxygen to, and eliminate waste products from, tissues and organs; and platelets, which make it possible for the blood to embolisms. An autologous transplant is the elimination of bone marrow from the individual with cancer prior to therapy and is gone back to him/her after treatment with high dosages of radiation treatment or radiation therapy or both. As with a few other cancer therapies, bone marrow transplants might additionally cause side effects, which need to be recognized and effectively handled. Another significant risk of bone marrow transplant is that the recipient's immune system might reject the transplanted "foreign" marrow. A bone marrow transplant is a procedure that replaces a person's damaged bone marrow stem cells. Physicians use these transplants to deal with people with specific diseases, such as: Leukemia; Severe blood diseases such as thalassemias, aplastic anemia, and sickle cell anemia; Multiple myeloma; Certain immune shortage diseases. It also reduces your body's immune system so that it will not attack the new stem cells after the transplant. The donor could be a member of the family or unassociated individual. Bone marrow transplantation has severe risks. Stem cells are special cells generated by bone marrow that can transform into various types of blood cells. A stem cell transplant can include taking healthy and balanced stem cells from the blood or bone marrow of one person, preferably a close member of the family with the same or comparable tissue type, and transferring them to another person.
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