In minimally invasive surgery, doctors use a variety of techniques to run with less damages to the body than with open surgery. Laparoscopy, surgery done via several small lacerations, using little cams and small tubes and medical instruments, was one of the first types of minimally invasive surgery. Another type of minimally invasive surgery is robotic surgery. And we're most likely to speak about robotic heart surgery. And success in robotic heart surgery truly needs the cohesive team with a high volume of cases, in order to enhance results. So the Mayo team consists of a cautious option of cardiologists for the preoperative stage, and after that a refined operating space team that consists of surgeons and service technicians and anesthesia, and after that important treatment, and allied wellness in the post-operative phase. Postoperatively, the anesthetic team does a hand-off to the crucial care team. Now the indications for robotic heart surgery typically focus on mitral shutoff disease, although there are many other indications where it could be considered-- tricuspid shutoff issues, small cardiac tumors, although they are not very common, selected congenital heart problems, septal defects, like atrial septal flaw, and other structural troubles that fall under the hereditary arena. Furthermore, aspects of coronary bypass surgery can be done robotically or minimally invasively, and then selected arrhythmia procedures can also be done robotically. Now there are some patients that are unable to have robot heart surgery. Notably now, we have found out that mitral valve disease is just one of the structural heart issues where the asymptomatic patient, as a matter of fact, need to be referred for surgery. And, in reality, now we are coming close to 600 robotic heart repair work, most of which have been mitral valve repair service. Robot times we have found are much shorter from a general size of stay in the medical facility. There is less pain, there's less bleeding, there's less infection, and you're also less likely to have short-term arrhythmias after surgery, which can be rather common with valvular cardiovascular disease. So one of the most vital points for you to bear in mind is that the outcome is comparable to the open repair service with the robot method. It does call for the presence of an elite, experienced team that includes cardio surgery, cardiology, anesthetic, crucial care, and all of the many essential allied health and wellness care members. First is, you must ask what the experience of the team is. And significantly, I think it's helpful to know what their experience is with the open procedure, since programs that have considerable experience with the open procedure generally have unbelievably excellent results with the robot approach as a result of every one of the experience that they have accrued. It has been our method to have two staff specialists entailed with every patient-- one at the bedside and one at the console. And at the very, very the very least, the team at the bedside requires to be very, very experienced in this particular niche area of heart surgery. I'm proud to operate at Mayo Clinic and become part of this robot heart team, and pleased to be part of the whole cardiovascular surgery enterprise, as a whole.
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