The mitral valve is the valve in between the left top and left lower chambers of the heart. Mitral valve prolapse syndrome is a common problem in which one or both of the flaps of the mitral valve bulge or collapse backward into the left atrium throughout ventricular tightening. In many individuals with mitral valve prolapse syndrome, no symptoms appear and the problem is frequently nonprogressive. In uncommon cases, MVP may lead to cardiac arrest or damaged capability of the heart to pump blood effectively to the lungs and on to the remainder of the body as a result of severe mitral regurgitation; the development of embolism; short-term ischemic attacks or stroke; and/or abrupt potentially deadly problems. Individuals with MVP connected with mitral regurgitation may have an increased risk of developing bacterial infections of the heart cellular lining and valves.
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