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Montreal Hockey Club

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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Montreal Hockey Club

CityMontreal , Quebec , Canada
LeagueAHAC, CAHL, ECAHA, QAHA
Operated1884 ( 1884 ) to 1932
Home arenaVictoria Rink (1884-1925), Montreal Forum (1925-1932)
ColorsNavy Blue
ChampionshipsMontreal Carnival: 1885 , 1887 AHAC: 1888-1894 Stanley Cup : 1893 , 1894 , 1902 , 1903 Allan Cup : 1930

Montreal CANADIENS, Canadian professional ice hockey team based in Montreal. The oldest continually operating team in the National Hockey League, CANADIENS have won more Stanley Cup titles than any other team and are the most successful franchise in League history. CANADIENS were established in 1909 as one of the founding teams of the National Hockey Association, forerunner of the NHL. CANADIENS won their first Stanley Cup championship in the 1915-16 season, triumphing in a thrilling five-game series against Portland Rosebuds of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association. Centre Howie Morenzwho, is considered by many to have been the greatest hockey player of pre-World War II, joined the team in 1923 and led Montreal to Stanley Cup victories in 1924, 1930, and 1931. Before the 1926-27 season, CANADIENS moved into Montreal Forum, their home stadium for 70 seasons, before the teams departure in 1996. After Montreals fourth Stanley Cup title, in the 1930-31 season, CANADIENS failed to win the Cup for 12 years, team's longest such drought of the century. In 1942, Montreal signed right wing Maurice Richard, future Hall of Famer who would go on to become the franchise career leader in goals. Richard teams with centre Elmer Lach and left wing Toe Blake to form high-scoring Punch Line, and the trio headline CANADIENS squads that won the Stanley Cup in 1944 and 1946. Blake retired in 1948, but he rejoined the team before the 1955-56 season as head coach, and he led CANADIENS into the most dominant period in team history. Blake guided a star-fill lineup that included Richard, his younger brother Henri Richard, Jean Beliveau, Doug Harvey, and Jacques Plante to record five consecutive Stanley Cups from 1956 to 1960. By the time he retired from coaching in 1968, Blake had coached CANADIENS to three more Stanley Cups, and his teams placed lower than second only once in His 13 years on bench. Montreal continued to dominate the League in the 1970s, winning six more Stanley Cups in that decade, including four in a row from 1976 to 1979 with teams lead by head coach Scotty Bowman and featuring future Hall of Fame players Guy Lafleur, Ken Dryden, and Larry Robinson. Maurice Richard and Jacques Plante Maurice Richard and goalie Jacques Plante of Montreal CANADIENS defending goal during the 1956 Stanley Cup playoffs. UPI / Bettmann / Detroit Times Plante, Jacques Jacques Plante. Weekend Magazine / Louis Jaques / Library and archive Canada, accession number e002505659 CANADIENS faded slightly in the 1980s, at least by their own incredibly high standards. While the team still qualify for the play-offs in each season of decade, they have won just one Stanley Cup. The Championship team of 1985-86 featured rookie goaltender Patrick Roy, who became the youngest Conn Smythe Trophy winner ever that year and would later retireafter finishing his career with the Colorado Avalanche as the NHLs winningest goalie of all time. CANADIENS won their 24 Stanley Cup title behind Roys netminding in the 1992-93 season.

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History

1909 1916-1924-1930-1931 1944-1946 50's 60's 70's 1986-1993 2009 Montreal Canadiens Team Formation Canadiens were founded by J. Ambrose OBrien on December 4 1909, as charter member of the National Hockey Association, forerunner to the National Hockey League. It was to be a team of the francophone community in Montreal, composed of francophone players, and under francophone ownership as soon as possible. Stanley Cup Winners 1916-1924-1930-1931 Stanley Cup-1931 1931 Stanley Cup Finals were played between Montreal Canadiens and Chicago Black Hawks, making their first Stanley Cup Final appearance. The Canadiens, defending champions, won the series to become the second NHL team to repeat as champion. Stanley Cup-1930 1930 Stanley Cup Final Championship series was played between Boston Bruins and Montreal Canadiens. In the best of three series, Montreal won 4-3 and 3-0 to win teams third Stanley Cup Championship. Stanley Cup-1924 1924 Stanley Cup Final saw National Hockey League champion Montreal Canadiens defeat Western Canada Hockey League champion Calgary Tigers two games to none in a best-of-three game series. It was Montreals fourth appearance in the Final and second Championship. Stanley Cup-1916 1916 Stanley Cup Final was played between National Hockey Association champion Montreal Canadiens and Pacific Coast Hockey Association champion Portland Rosebuds. This was the first time that the best-of-five Cup Championship go distance. Also, Rosebuds were the first team based in the United States to play for Cup. The Canadiens defeated the Rosebuds three games to two in the best-of-five game series. This would be the first of 24 Stanley Cup championships for the Canadiens. Stanley Cup Winner 1944-1946 Stanley Cup-1946 1946 Stanley Cup Final was a best-of-seven series between Boston Bruins and Montreal Canadiens. The Canadiens would win the series four games to one. Stanley Cup-1944 1944 Stanley Cup Final was a best-of-seven series between Chicago Black Hawks and Montreal Canadiens. The Canadiens would win the series 4-0 to win their first Stanley Cup since 1931. Stanley Cup Winners 50s Stanley Cup-1959 1959 Stanley Cup Final was contested by defending champion Montreal Canadiens and Toronto Maple Leafs. Montreal was making its ninth consecutive appearance in the Final series. It was Torontos first appearance since 1951. The Canadiens would win the series four games to one to win their fourth-straight Cup victory. Stanley Cup-1958 1958 Stanley Cup Final NHL Championship series was contested by defending champion Montreal Canadiens and Boston Bruins in a rematch of the 1957 Final. The Canadiens would win the series 4-2, for their third straight Cup victory, and tenth in team history. Stanley Cup-1957 1957 Stanley Cup Final NHL Championship series was contested by defending champion Montreal Canadiens and Boston Bruins. The Canadiens were making their seventh consecutive Final appearance, while Boston was making their first appearance since the 1953 Final, also against Montreal. The Canadiens would win the series 4-1, for their second-straight Cup victory.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Season-by-season record

Season-by-season record

YearLeagueGPWLTPTSGFGAPIMFinishPlayoffs
1885independent---------Won Montreal Winter Carnival
1886independent---------Won Burlington Winter Carnival
1887AHAC4310685--Won Montreal Winter Carnival
1888AHAC761012239--AHAC champions
1888-89AHAC54108217--AHAC champions
1890AHAC8800163317--AHAC champions
1891AHAC550010184--AHAC champions
1892AHAC61402921--AHAC co-champions Lost to Ottawa in first challenge of season; defeated Ottawa (1-0) in final challenge to regain championship
1893AHAC8710143818-1stAHAC champions Awarded Stanley Cup
1894AHAC8530102515-1st (four-way tie)AHAC champions Won Stanley Cup Defeated Victorias (3-2), Ottawa(3-1) in playoff.
1895AHAC844083322-2nddefeated Queen's University 5-1 in Stanley Cup Challenge game. Following the game the Stanley Cup was the awarded to Montreal Victorias as 1895 AHAC Regular Season Champions. Montreal HC has never been recognized as a Stanley Cup champion in 1895.
1896AHAC826042433-4th-
1897AHAC8530103126-3rd-
1898AHAC8530103421-2nd-
1899CAHL835063029-4th-
1900CAHL8530103436-2nd-
1901CAHL835162837-4th-
1902CAHL8620123915-1stDefeated Winnipeg Victorias 2-1 in best-of-three challenge. Won Stanley Cup
1903CAHL843083419-3rdDefeated Winnipeg Victorias in best-of-three challenge 8-1, 2-2(abandoned), 2-4, 4-1 to win Stanley Cup Challenge. Lost Stanley Cup by placing third.
1904CAHL835063449-3rd-
1905CAHL10730145442-3rd-
1906ECAHA1037064963-5th-
1907ECAHA1037-65883-4th
1907-08ECAHA10190253205-6th-
1908-09IPAHU63306---3rd
1909-10IPAHU61502---4th

On December 19 1917, four teams of the National Hockey League played in fledgling leagues first two games. At the time of its inception, NHL was made up of five franchises: Canadiens and Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs and Toronto Arenas. Montreal teams won two victories that first day, as the Canadiens beat Ottawa 7-4 and the Wanderers triumphed over Toronto 10-9. The first professional ice hockey League was the International Pro Hockey League, founded in 1904 in Michigan. After it fold, two bigger leagues emerged in Canada: National Hockey Association and Pacific Coast League. In 1914, two leagues played Championship series, and the winner was awarded the famous silver bowl donated to the Canadas amateur hockey league by Lord Stanley, English governor general of Canada, in 1892. The NHA stopped operating during World War I, and after War five elite teams from Canada formed the NHL in its place. Despite that early defeat, Toronto went on to win the inaugural season. In March 1918, they defeated the PCL champions, Vancouver Millionaires, three games to two for the Stanley Cup. By 1926, PCL had fold, and 10 teams of NHL divided into two divisions. The champions of each of those two divisions-Eastern and Western Conference-now face each other at the end of each season in the Stanley Cup Championship.

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Table

SeasonLeagueGamesWLTGFGAPtsStandingPlayoffs
1893-94AHAC85303620101st(tie)Lost 3-2 to Montreal HC in Stanley Cup playoff.
1894-95AHAC86201235201stWon Stanley Cup as AHAC champions.
1895-96AHAC87101441241stLost Stanley Cup in challenge to Winnipeg Victorias .
1896-97AHAC87101448261stWon Stanley Cup in challenge vs. Winnipeg. Defended as AHAC champions.
1897-98AHAC88001653331stDefended Stanley Cup in challenge vs. Ottawa Capitals Defended as AHAC champions
1898-99CAHL86201244232ndDefended Stanley Cup in challenge vs. Winnipeg Victorias Lost Stanley Cup to CAHL league champions Montreal Shamrocks .
1899-1900CAHL8260444554th--
1900-01CAHL8431945322nd--
1901-02CAHL8440836253rd--
1902-03CAHL86201248332nd--
1903-04CAHL85301075482nd--
1904-05CAHL109101864321stDid not play challenge for Stanley Cup
1905-06ECAHA106401276733rd--
1906-07ECAHA1064012101703rd--
1907-08ECAHA10460873785th--

Interprovincial Hockey League

SeasonGamesWonLostTiedPointsGoals forGoals againstStandingPlayoffs
1908-096420857382ndout of playoffs
1909-10642084633Tied 1stLost Final

Interprovincial Hockey Union

SeasonGamesWonLostTiedPointsGoals forGoals againstStandingPlayoffs
1910-116060034684thout of playoffs
1911-12-------1st/MontrealLost Final

Montreal City Hockey League

SeasonGamesWonLostTiedPointsGoals forGoals againstStandingPlayoffs
1913-14108201636141stLost Art Ross Cup Final
1914-151073014--3rdout of playoffs
1915-16107211529173rdout of Playoffs
1918-19853010--4thout of playoffs
1919-20752010--2ndWon Final Lost Provincial Final
1920-217340621276thout of Playoffs
1921-227511114418Tied 1stLost Final
1922-23108201657172ndout of playoffs

Eastern Canada Hockey League

SeasonGamesWonLostTiedPointsGoals forGoals againstStandingPlayoffs
1923-241284016--1stLost Final
1924-2515122125--1stLost Eastern Semi Final

Senior Group

SeasonGamesWonLostTiedPointsGoals forGoals againstStandingPlayoffs
1925-26107301421172ndLost Final
1926-27126511339292ndLost Semi Final

Montreal Senior Group

SeasonGamesWonLostTiedPointsGoals forGoals againstStandingPlayoffs
1927-2896121441111stWon Provincial Final Lost Allan Cup
1928-298521112991stLost Provincial Final
1929-30105321220132ndLost Final
1930-3111362814194thout of playoffs
1931-3211272623414thout of playoffs
1932-33125611128374thout of playoffs
1933-34123721229446thout of playoffs
1934-35123721640456thout of playoffs
1935-36228952266805thout of playoffs
1936-372071231858656thout of playoffs

Quebec Senior Hockey League

SeasonGamesWonLostTiedPointsGoals forGoals againstStandingPlayoffs
1937-382281042265764thLost Semi Final
1938-3922512516--6thout of playoffs
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Notable players

Tom Paton, early goaltender with Club James E. Norris, later went on to be very successful in the grain, sports, entertainment and transportation industries, and founder of the Detroit Red Wings of the NHL, and adapted the MAAA logo for the Red Wings. Dickie Boon, found Montreal Wanderers, inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1952. Jimmy Gardner, Hockey Hall of Fame leave winger Jack Marshall, Hockey Hall of Fame defenseman / center Tommy Phillips, Hockey Hall of Fame leave winger Ernie Moose Johnson, Hockey Hall of Fame defenseman Ernie Russell, Hockey Hall of Fame center

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

National Hockey Association (1909-1917)

Season by Season record

SeasonTeamsChampion
1910Cobalt Silver Kings , Haileybury Hockey Club , Montreal Canadiens , Montreal Shamrocks , Montreal Wanderers , Ottawa Senators , Renfrew Creamery KingsMontreal Wanderers
1910-11Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs , Renfrew Creamery KingsOttawa Senators
1911-12Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec BulldogsQuebec Bulldogs
1912-13Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto , Toronto TecumsehsQuebec Bulldogs
1913-14Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto, Toronto OntariosToronto (won playoff over Canadiens)
1914-15Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto, Toronto ShamrocksOttawa Senators (won playoff over Wanderers)
1915-16Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto, Toronto ShamrocksMontreal Canadiens
1916-17Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Toronto, Toronto 228th BattalionMontreal Canadiens (won playoff over Ottawa)

Who could blame them? The early years of professional hockey are best described as unstable. Professional Hockey was only 17 years old when the NHL was founded. In 1900, Portage Lakes Hockey Club, founded by a Canadian dentist living in Michigan by the name of JL Gibson, paid top Canadian players to cmon down. The idea caught on. In 1904, there were three teams they call themselves International Hockey League. IHL shut down in 1907. Then there was the Ontario Professional Hockey League, also known as Trolley and as Canadian Hockey League, that started in 1907 and disbanded in 1911. At the same time, Canadian Hockey Association started in 1909 as result of a dispute with the Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association. CHA lasted until 1910. NHA was founded in 1909, and includes Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Hockey Club, Renfrew Creamery Kings, Cobalt Silver Kings, Haileybury Hockey Club, Montreal Shamrocks and Les Canadiens. Out west, there was the Pacific Coast Hockey Association, founded in 1911 and continued all the way to 1924. The entire period of Professional Hockey before 1917 was characterized by owners struggling to acquire players, stealing players from other teams, trying to keep salaries down, trying to find places to play and trying to make sure players show up for games. Teams and leagues were underfinanced, undermanned and not always drawing much of crowd. World War I, in which many Canadian hockey players saw action, further complicated and destabilize attempts to establish solid professional leagues.


History

At the time of the League's founding in 1910, Eastern Canada Hockey Association, which dated from 1906 and was itself a successor to the first recognized major Hockey League, Amateur Hockey Association of Canada, was in the midst of a political battle. In an effort to freeze out the Montreal Wanderers franchise, ECHA disbanded and new League form to be called Canadian Hockey Association, deliberately designed to exclude Wanderers. After numerous rejections and snubs from the ECHA, Ambrose o'brien and his father, Michael J. O'brien, created their own League, calling it the National Hockey Association. O'briens finance four teams in the League: Renfrew Creamery Kings, which become known as Renfrew Millionaires, Cobalt, Haileybury and Les Canadiens of Montreal. Within month, Montreal Wanderers also joined to become the fifth team. The bidding war for players immediately start, and Frank Patrick and Lester Patrick were each signed by Renfrew Millionaires for 3 000 apiece, highest salaries record to that time. It become readily apparent that two leagues could not be sustain-there were five teams in Montreal alone-and after eight games, CHA fold, Ottawa Senators and Montreal Shamrocks were admitted to the NHA. Labour unrest was a hallmark of the League, 1910-1911 season almost foundering because of widespread dissatisfaction amongst players at salaries on offer, and players' unions were rumor to be on the verge of creation At several points. However, League put forth several innovations, among them abolition of rover position in 1912, inclusion of numbers on jerseys, institution of match penalties and allowing line changes on fly. The Championship Trophy of NHA was the o'brien Trophy, donated by the o'brien family and which survived to become the championship Trophy of the NHL. However, as Ottawa Senators join League as reigning Stanley Cup champions, first five seasons of the League had Cup award to League champions, who then defend it against outside challenges. Starting in the 1914-1915 season, Stanley Cup was awarded exclusively to the winner of playoff between NHA and PCHA regular season winners. The League championship was decided by a two-game total goal playoff between Wanderers and Senators. Ottawa won the championship, and the right to defend the Cup against Vancouver in a three game series in which Vancouver won in dominating fashion. The notion of the League champion being awarded Cup to defend cease with that season, as Portland Rosebuds were PCHA champions in 1915-1916 but were not automatically accorded Cup. Instead, they play Montreal Canadiens for the Trophy, which the Canadiens won in five game series.

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Table

TeamLocationArenaTenureNotes
Cobalt Silver KingsCobalt, OntarioThe Sports Palace1909-1910league franchise rights go to Quebec Bulldogs ; rejoin Temiscaming Professional Hockey League
Haileybury CometsHaileybury, OntarioCobalt-Haileybury Curling Club Curling Rink1909-1910rejoin Temiscaming Professional Hockey League
Les CanadiensMontreal, QuebecJubilee Arena1909-1910renamed Montreal Canadiens
Montreal ShamrocksMontreal, QuebecVictoria Rink1909-1910withdrew; join Montreal City Hockey League for 1912-1913 season
Montreal WanderersMontreal, QuebecWestmount Arena1909-1917join National Hockey League
Ottawa Hockey ClubOttawa, OntarioDey's Arena1909-1912renamed Ottawa Senators
Renfrew Creamery KingsRenfrew, OntarioRenfrew Hockey Arena1909-1911fold
Montreal CanadiensMontreal, QuebecJubilee Arena (1910-1911), Westmount Arena (1911-1917)1910-1917join National Hockey League
Quebec BulldogsQuebec City, QuebecQuebec Skating Rink (1910-1913) Quebec Arena (1913-1917)1910-1917suspend operations for 1918-19 season; join National Hockey League for 1919-20 season
Ottawa SenatorsOttawa, OntarioDey's Arena1912-1917join National Hockey League
Toronto BlueshirtsToronto, OntarioMutual Street Arena1912-1917suspended by league to keep league number of teams even (and dislike of team owner); left in league by themselves when balance of teams form National Hockey League ; players form nucleus of Toronto Arenas
Toronto TecumsehsToronto, OntarioMutual Street Arena1912-1913renamed Toronto Ontarios
Toronto OntariosToronto, OntarioMutual Street Arena1913-1914renamed Toronto Shamrocks
Toronto ShamrocksToronto, OntarioMutual Street Arena1914-1915fold
Toronto 228th BattalionToronto, OntarioMutual Street Arena1916-1917withdrew February 1917 when unit was deployed overseas

Team Origins

TeamYearsOrigin
Cobalt Silver Kings1909-10new, players taken over by Quebec Bulldogs in 1911
Haileybury Hockey Club1909-10new, players taken over by Montreal Canadiens for 1911
Montreal Canadiens1909-17new, known as Les Canadiens in 1910 season
Montreal Shamrocks1910from ECHA, joined January 1910
Montreal Wanderers1909-17from ECHA, joined December 1909
Ottawa Senators1910-17from ECHA, joined January 1910
Quebec Bulldogs1910-17from ECHA, joined December 1910
Renfrew Creamery Kings1909-11from Federal League, joined December 1909
Toronto Blueshirts1912-17new, former O'Brien franchise
Toronto Tecumsehs renamed Toronto Ontarios , 1913-1914 renamed Toronto Shamrocks , 19151912-16new, former O'Brien franchise
Toronto 228th Battalion1916-17new, took place of Tecumsehs/Ontarios/Shamrocks for 1916-17 season, composed of professional hockey players in military
* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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