Mucous membrane pemphigoid is a group of rare chronic autoimmune disorders defined by blistering lesions that largely influence the different mucous membranes of the body. The symptoms of MMP vary among affected individuals depending on the specific site involved and the progression of the disease. MMP has been recognized by several names within the medical literary works consisting of benign mucous membrane pemphigoid, cicatricial pemphigoid, and eye cicatricial pemphigoid. Blistering lesions may infect influence the tube that brings food from the mouth to the stomach along with the voice box potentially causing difficulty swallowing and hoarseness. In many cases of MMP, the mucous membranes lining the eyes may be involved. Inflammation of conjunctiva or erosions creating on the conjunctiva might be the initial signs of ocular participation in MMP. Participation of the eyes might not be noticeable in the beginning, nevertheless, and only a special evaluation by an eye medical professional can identify the earliest scarring that develops just under the conjunctiva. Eye symptoms may include pain or grittiness of the eye, increased pressure within the eye, abnormal internal switching of the eyelid, and abnormal inward turning of the eyelashes potentially causing irritation of the eyeball. Attachments may develop between the eyelids or between the eye and the eyelid itself. Marking accompanies less regularity in cases of MMP that only entail the mucous membranes of the mouth. Urinary and sex-related dysfunction might result secondary to genital participation. Skin lesions might be either fluid-filled blisters or reddish plaques, which may hemorrhage or impulse. Participation of the scalp may lead to irregular areas of hair loss.
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