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Multiple Myeloma

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 02 May 2022
multiple myeloma "multiple myeloma", by Terese Winslow (Illustrator). Multiple myeloma; drawing shows normal plasma cells, multiple myeloma cells (abnormal plasma cells), and antibodies. Also shown is red marrow inside bone, where plasma cells are made. Multiple myeloma. Multiple myeloma cells are abnormal plasma...

Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that occurs due to abnormal and uncontrolled development of plasma cells in the bone marrow. Plasma cells assist the body fight infection by creating proteins called antibodies. In people with multiple myeloma, excess plasma cells create tumors in the bone, causing bones to come to be weak and quickly broken. The abnormal development of plasma cells also makes it more challenging for the bone marrow to make healthy and balanced blood cells and platelets. The plasma cells produced in multiple myeloma generate abnormal antibodies that the immune system is not able to use. A medical diagnosis of multiple myeloma may be presumed based on the presence of particular signs and symptoms. In these cases, multiple myeloma is occasionally detected by coincidence when a blood test or urine test is gotten to investigate another condition. Multiple myeloma is identified by irregularities in plasma cells, a type of white blood cell. People with multiple myeloma generally develop the disorder around age 65. Bone marrow is the spongy tissue at the centre of some bones that produces the body's blood cells. In the early stages, myeloma might not cause any symptoms. Myeloma doesn't usually cause a lump or tumour. If you have any of the symptoms of multiple myeloma, see a General practitioner. Your general practitioner will analyze you to check for bone inflammation, bleeding, signs of infection and any other symptoms that suggest you could have myeloma. If myeloma is thought, you'll be described an expert haematologist for more tests and treatment.

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