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Museum Island

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Last Updated: 13 December 2020

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Museum Island

Area8.6 ha
Buffer zone22.5 ha
Coordinates523117N 132344E / 52.52139N 13.39556E / 52.52139; 13.39556
CriteriaCultural: ii, iv
Inscription1999 (23rd session )
LocationBerlin , Germany
Reference896
Berlin Museum Island - Free photo on Pixabay "Berlin Museum Island - Free photo on Pixabay", by Pixabay, licensed under CC0

New Museum from south with Old National Gallery in background Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Photo: Maximilian Meisse Six thousand years of culture and history are illustrated on Museum Island, panorama stretching from Ancient Egyptians and civilisations of Ancient Near East to Greek and Roman Antiquity and Christian and Islamic Art of Middle Ages to European Art of 19 Century. Collections house in the Museum of Prehistory and Early History extend timeline even further to cover the whole of human history. Various different cultures come together in the New Museum, recently rebuilt by David Chipperfield, which houses not only rich treasures of the Egyptian Museum and Museum of Prehistory and Early History, but also the Collection of Classical Antiquities, Munzkabinett and Sculpture Collection, examples of all of which are on display on the main floor to enable visitors to Take impressive tour from Early period of Egypts History via Roman provinces and Celts and Germanic tribes right through to High Middle Ages. Entrance to Pergamonmuseum Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Photo: F. Friedrich Museum Island is most famous for large scale architectural exhibits in Pergamonmuseum, which were found during German excavations conducted in Western Turkey at the end of the 19 Century. Pergamon Altar, with its frieze depicting battle between Gods and Giants, comes from Pergamon, while Market Gate comes from the late-Roman city of Miletus. The main attractions in the Museum of Ancient Near East, which also has some of the oldest examples of scripts on cuneiform tablets from Uruk, are Processional Way and Ishtar Gate from Babylon, made up of thousands of colour glaze bricks. Among the impressive exhibits in the Museum of Islamic Art are ceramics, glass, metal and ivory, carpets and book art, as well as the sandstone facade of an Early 8 Century palace from the Jordanian desert. Altes Museum Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Photo: Maximilian Meisse Altes Museum offers insight into the worlds of Etruscan, Greek and Roman Art. Build during the empire period, Bode Museum with its striking cupola houses the Sculpture Collection including works from all over Europe dating from the Early Middle Ages to Classicism. You can also see Byzantine Art of 3 to 19 Centuries here, as well as a selection of some of the most valuable coins and medals from Antiquity to 20 Century in the Collection display in Munzkabinett. The Old National Gallery, rising above Spree like an Ancient Greek temple, was opened in 1876 to house contemporary art of time and today still has paintings and sculpture from the 19th Century on show. Highlights are rooms with Impressionists and Caspar David Friedrich.

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15 August 2020Berlin, Museum Island (★ In-Video Highlights) - 🇩🇪 Germany - 4K Walking Tour

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Overview

Museum Island is so-call for complex of internationally significant museums, all part of Berlin State Museums, that occupy the Island's northern part: Altes Museum, named as Konigliches Museum when it was built on August 3 1830, until it was renamed in 1841. The museum was completed on orders of Karl Friedrich Schinkel. Neues Museum was finished in 1859 according to plans by Friedrich August Stuler, student of Schinkel. Destroy in World War II, it was rebuilt under the direction of David Chipperfield for the Egyptian Museum of Berlin and re-open in 2009. Alte Nationalgalerie completed in 1876, also according to designs by Friedrich August Stuler, to host a collection of 19-century art donated by banker Joachim H. W. Wagener Bode Museum on the Island's northern tip, opened in 1904 and then called Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum. It exhibits sculpture collections and late Antique and Byzantine Art. Pergamon Museum, constructed in 1930. It contains multiple reconstructed immense and historically significant buildings such as Pergamon Altar and Ishtar Gate of Babylon. The Humboldt Forum is scheduled to open in 2020 in Berlin Palace opposite Lustgarten park, and will incorporate the Ethnological Museum of Berlin and the Museum of Asian Art; both are successor institutions of Ancient Prussian Art Chamber, which was also located in Berlin Palace and which was established in the mid 16 century. In 1999, Museum complex was added to the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Outstanding Universal Value

The Annual meeting of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organizations World Heritage committeethe 40 in its history come to an early conclusion. But not before attendees swiftly pushed through 21 New Sites to the World Heritage List. The yardstick by which the Committee measures potential sites is simply that locations offer Outstanding Universal Value to humanity, according to the UNESCO treaty adopted in 1972. In practice, this means that World Heritage Sites are tremendously diverse in origin and composition. Among nearly two dozen new sites inscribed on the list are Canadas Mistaken Point, rough Newfoundland cliffs stud with some of the oldest evidence of complex organismsfossils, of spindly living things that date back 565 million years. Include as single site, too, are 17 works by renowned Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier. A List of buildings dot the globe from Unite dHabitation in Marseillethe, a French housing complex credited with influencing the Brutalist style of architectureto, Tokyos National Museum of Western Art, First Site in the center of Japanese City. UNESCO calls structures works of creative genius, which attest to internationalization of architectural practice across the planet. Announcements come with celebrations concentrated in pockets around the globe. A group gather in the fishing village of Portugal Cove South, in Newfoundland, to await decision regarding Mistaken Point. When news comes through, crowds go crackers, said Richard Thomas, geologist who led the effort to get seaside cliffs List, to the Canadian Press. I was just sitting there in a daze. I thought this day would never come. One new site is made up of 30 tombstone locations, covered by Ancient Bosnian scrawl, which date back to the 12 century. Carve from limestone, 70 000 graveyard markersknown as stecciare found in Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia, and combine both pagan and Christian motifs. Revillagigedo Archipelago is a group of islands in the Pacific, off of Mexico, where volcanic peaks thrust up from the sea floor. The isles are uninhabited and home to an array of sharks, rays, dolphins and other marine life. See from above, islands sweep clouds into whimsical curlsas NASA spotted in 2004. Gibraltar Neanderthal Caves, also know as Gorhams Cave, sit beneath European continents southernmost tip. In 2014, researchers announced in the journal PNAS they found Neanderthal artwork carven into rock. Find, study author and Gibraltar Museums Clive Finlayson told the BBC, brings Neanderthals closer to us, yet again. The Ancient City of Ani, which sits in Turkey along the Armenian border, was once a bustling Silk Road metropolis known as City of thousand and one churches, write Atlantic. Today, shell of Saint Gregory church is one of the remaining buildings from a 600-year-old burg.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Neues Museum

Friedrich August Stuler, student of Schinkel, planned Neues Museum as part of a larger overall concept. The building has an almost rectangular ground plan, and its longitudinal axis runs parallel to Kupfergraben. For the exterior design of the building, Stuler drew on the neo-classical architecture of the Altes Museum. Since 1860, arcade has enclose Neues Museum and since 1878, adjoining Colonnade Courtyard as well. In the course of complete renovation, southern cupola, which was completely destroyed during World War II, and the northwest wing were rebuilt in their original structure but in modern style. Design by Friedrich August Stuler, Neues Museum opened in 1859. It was the first Museum to have three exhibition levels which were placed on both sides of the monumental staircase. Back then, construction techniques such as use of grillage foundation, lightweight bricks and Pre-fabricate cast-Iron components were pioneering in terms of technology. The building was connected to the Altes Museum by bridge. During World War II, parts of Neues Museum were destroyed by bombs. In GDR times there were repeated plans to demolish ruin. However, in 1985 it was eventually decided to rebuild the Museum. The main entrance to Neues Museum is located beneath colonnades on the eastern side of the building. Since reopening in 2009, there has been another access on the western side of the Museum. As soon as the New Courtyard, which is bordered by the Neues Museum, Pergamonmuseum, and James-Simon-Galerie, is open, that new entrance will be accessible to the public. Inside the Museum, Egyptian Courtyard and Greek Courtyard are part of the future Archaeological Promenade which will connect the Neues Museum with the Altes Museum, Pergamonmuseum, Bode-Museum, and James-Simon-Galerie.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Alte Nationalgalerie

As the original home to the Nationalgaleries Collection, which has spread over time to various other locations, majestic Alte Nationalgalerie dominate islands skyline. From its elevated vantage point, this 19-century temple to Art is a sanctum of paintings and sculptures that reflect major developments in art from Romanticism and Neo-classicism of the Age of Goethe up to French and German Realist painting. Buildings 19-century facade and works contained within thus strike perfect balance and create an authentic whole. The design for Alte Nationalgalerie stems from an architectural sketch made by King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia. It was built by Friedrich August Stuler, who was responsible for designing the Neues Museum before it. Johann Heinrich Strack, who, like Stuler, was a pupil of Schinkel, took over supervision of construction from 1867 to 1876, year of its completion and opening. Most recently, museums renovation was overseen by HG Merz Berlin.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Bode-Museum

Like a castle set on a lake, Bode-Museum rises above the Spree River at the northern tip of Museum Island. This grand building was magnificently reopened in 2006 after several years of complete renovation carried out by a team of architects, Heinz Tesar / Atelier Christoph Fischer. Bode-Museum was built between 1898 and 1904 by Ernst Eberhard von Ihne, and initially called Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum. Today, it houses Sculpture Collection of works dating up to ca. 1800 and the Museum of Byzantine Art, as well as the Numismatic Collection. Originally, collection of paintings and sculptures was exhibited in Bode-Museum and, from 1930 onward, on the north wing of Pergamonmuseum. From the point of view of Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz and its Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, joint presentation of these two collections would be an ideal solution today as well. Bode-Museum looks as if it is rising out of water at the northern tip of the island. Ernst Eberhard von Ihne created a building in the style of Wilhelmine Baroque. A palace-like edifice spreads over a triangular stretch of land north of the railroad line which went into operation in 1882. Visitors can reach the entrance of Bode-Museum via Monbijoubrucke. The latter links Museum Island to the quarter around Oranienburger Strasse, and also connects the tip of Island to the western bank of Kupfergraben. In 1997, team of architects Heinz Tesar / Atelier Christoph Fischer was commissioned to plan the complete renovation. The Complete renovation not only included installation of state-of-Art building services as well as safety and sanitary technology, but also restoration of the 100-year-Old Museum building in accordance with official regulations for historical monuments. Many decor elements that had been destroyed during World War II and restored in the post-War era were renovate. New exhibition rooms were created in the semi-basement. In addition, Small Cupola Hall was lower so as to connect it with the Archaeological Promenade. The latter will eventually lead to an exhibition room beneath the railroad line and extend into the semi-basement of Pergamonmuseum. The Numismatic Collection already reopened in 2004 after six years of complete renovation. Its unique vault is located in the basement of the Museum wing situated on Kupfergraben and has been an integral part of Bode-Museum ever since it was build. The museum as a whole was reopened in October 2006. Bode-Museum is the location of the Sculpture Collection and Museum of Byzantine Art. In allusion to Wilhelm von Humboldts original exhibition concept, presentation of sculptures is complemented by some works from Old Master Paintings. The Numismatic Collection is present in its own exhibition rooms on the first floor and includes study Hall, which is open to the public, immediately next to the vault in the basement. When Bode-Museum was first establish, it was originally devised as a museum for exhibition of paintings and sculptures.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Pergamonmuseum

Temporary exhibition building Pergamonmuseum. Panorama was erected in February 2017 opposite Bode-Museum, on street Am Kupfergraben, based on Yadegar Asisis conceptual design and plans banked by architectural firm spreeformat architekten GmbH. Interimsbau Pergamonmuseum Realisierungsgesellschaft mbH, enterprise of Wolff Gruppe Stuttgart / Essen, executed construction. The building will be in use for exhibition project PERGAMON. Masterpieces from the Ancient Metropolis with 360 Panorama by Yadegar Asisi until 2024. With Panorama, Antikensammlung and Yadegar Asisi are a shining spotlight on the city of PERGAMON in Roman times. The Project carries on from the huge success of the first Panorama that Studio Asisi created in 2011 for Pergamonmuseum for the exhibition PERGAMON: Panorama of Antique Metropolis.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Kolonnadenhof

Kolonnadenhof is a large open space that connects an ensemble of buildings made up of Alte Nationalgalerie, Neues Museum and Pergamonmuseum. With columns and pillars lining three of its sides, it provides a perfect place to linger and to take a closer look at numerous bronze sculptures on display, allowing visitors to contemplate art under open skies. Monumental bronze sculptures such as Louis Tuaillons Amazon on Horseback, Constanin Meuniers Sower, August Gauls Lion or Reinhold Begass work Centaur and Nymph are some of the highlights of Nationalgaleries extensive holdings of international sculpture. This collection is presented in Alte Nationalgalerie and in nearby Friedrichswerdersche Kirche. A separate plinth is always reserved for contemporary artist, and carries on the original idea of Nationalgalerie, which was founded in the 19th century as a Site for contemporary Art. This 7. 5 x 25. The 5 cm aluminium plaque featuring words Men dont protect you anymore is part of the Jenny Holzer Survival series, which she created between 1983 and 1985. Since the 1970s, US artist Holzer has been experimenting with the medium of language in public spaces. Holzer initially positions her Truisms-think-provoking aphorisms that seem to reveal elements of truth-without explanations around the city of New York. Later, she occupied increasingly prominent locations such as Times Square, placing her ambivalent statements on brightly lit billboards. Since 2001, Jenny Holzer's work has been represented in the collection of Neue Nationalgalerie with specially designed light installation for the collection of Nationalgalerie. This work, instal in Museumsinsel Berlins Kolonnadenhof to coincide with the exhibition Fighting for Visibility: Women Artists in Nationalgalerie before 1919, ensure that the issue of Visibility of Women Artists remains present outside of galleries as well.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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