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Myocardial Infarction

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Last Updated: 19 October 2021

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Myocardial Infarction

CausesUsually coronary artery disease
ComplicationsHeart failure , irregular heartbeat , cardiogenic shock , cardiac arrest
Diagnostic methodElectrocardiograms (ECGs), blood tests, coronary angiography
Frequency15.9 million (2015)
MedicationAspirin , nitroglycerin , heparin
Other namesAcute myocardial infarction (AMI), heart attack
PrognosisSTEMI 10% risk of death (developed world)
Risk factorsHigh blood pressure , smoking , diabetes , lack of exercise , obesity , high blood cholesterol
SpecialtyCardiology , emergency medicine
SymptomsChest pain , shortness of breath , nausea, feeling faint , cold sweat , feeling tired ; arm, neck, back, jaw, or stomach pain
TreatmentPercutaneous coronary intervention , thrombolysis

A cardiac arrest takes place when several areas of the heart muscle do not obtain sufficient oxygen.

There are two types of threat factors for heart attack.

People with inherited high blood pressure; People with inherited low levels of HDL cholesterol, high levels of LDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides; People with a family background of heart problem.

Here are methods to handle your dangers of a cardiac arrest: Look at which danger aspects put on you, after that take actions to eliminate or decrease them.

You can aid prevent a heart attack by understanding your danger factors for coronary artery disease and cardiac arrest and taking activity to decrease those dangers. Also if you've already had a cardiac arrest or are told that your chances of having a heart attack are high, you can still lower your threat, probably by making a few way of living modifications that advertise better health and wellness. Your medical professional may suggest you to take a low dose of aspirin frequently.

Females at or coming close to menopause needs to talk about the possible cardio-protective advantages of estrogen substitute therapy with their doctor. The following are one of the most typical symptoms of a cardiac arrest.

The goal of treatment for a cardiovascular disease is to alleviate discomfort, preserve the heart muscular tissue function, and stop fatality.

Although angioplasty is done in various other blood vessels in other places in the body, percutaneous coronary treatment refers to angioplasty in the coronary arteries. When plaque has built up in the arteries, coronary artery condition is.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

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28 September 2016Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack) Ischemia Pathophysiology, ECG, Nursing, Signs, Symptoms Part 1

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Cardiac muscle

A heart attack, or myocardial infarction, is irreversible damage to the heart muscle mass. During coronary convulsion, the coronary arteries restrict or spasm on and off, minimizing blood supply to the heart muscular tissue. Healing of the heart muscle mass starts soon after a cardiovascular disease and takes about eight weeks. The new mark tissue does not contract or pump as well as healthy heart muscle cells.

The very best time to deal with a heart attack is within one to two hours of the first onset of symptoms. Blood may be attracted to gauge levels of heart enzymes in the blood that suggest heart muscle mass damages. By determining the levels of these enzymes, the doctor can identify the size of the cardiovascular disease and about when the cardiovascular disease began.

Echocardiography is an imaging examination that can be made use of during and after a cardiac arrest to learn exactly how the heart is pumping and what locations are not pumping generally. The resemble can also inform if any structures of the heart have been injured during the heart attack.

Throughout or quickly after a heart attack, you may most likely to the heart catheterization laboratory for direct evaluation of the standing of your heart, arteries and the quantity of heart damage.

Having had a heart attack or treatment does not suggest you will never have another cardiovascular disease; it can happen once again. The goal after your heart attack is to keep your heart healthy and balanced and reduce your risks of having another cardiac arrest.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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