Necrotizing Enterocolitis

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 07 May 2022
medpix case - necrotizing enterocolitis "medpix case - necrotizing enterocolitis", by Original Source: Michael Lee; Author: Michael Lee (Uniformed Services University); Approved By: Ellen M Chung (Uniformed Services University);. Enteric tube in prepyloric location, external EKG leads Distended tubular rather than polygonal bowel loops, numerous bubbly and curvilinear intramural lucencies in bowel wall on the right, branching lucencies overlying the liver....

Necrotizing enterocolitis is the death of tissue in the intestinal tract. NEC occurs when the cellular lining of the intestinal tract wall dies. A drop in blood flow to the bowel can harm the tissue. Likewise, premature infants have untaught immune response to factors such as microorganisms or low blood circulation. Early infants; Infants who are fed formula rather than human milk. Babies in a nursery where an episode has taken place; Infants that have received blood exchange transfusions or have been seriously ill; Abdominal bloating; Blood in the stool; Diarrhea; Feeding issues; Lack of energy; Unstable body temperature level; Unstable breathing, heart rate, or blood pressure; Vomiting; NEC can occur in complete term children however it is far more common in very early babies, particularly very low birth weight babies, incidence varieties from 3% in infants with birth weight of 1251 to 1500 grams to 11% for infants birthed weighing less than 750 grams [2] When there is evidence of bowel opening and necrotic bowel, Surgical intervention is indicated. NEC remains a leading source of morbidity and mortality in the neonatal intensive treatment system regardless of substantial advances in the treatment being provided to early babies [5; 6] They do know that early infants have lungs and intestines that are weak and less mature than those of full-term infants. It can occur in any newborn, however it's most common in premature infants that consider less than 3. 25 pounds. Others who may be at risk consist of: Premature or high-risk infants who are fed formula by mouth or tube; Those that had a tough delivery or have reduced oxygen degrees; Infants that have a lot of red blood cells in flow; Babies with existing intestinal infections; Seriously unwell infants and those that've obtained a blood transfusion.

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