Necrotizing enterocolitis is the death of tissue in the intestinal tract. NEC occurs when the cellular lining of the intestinal tract wall dies. A drop in blood flow to the bowel can harm the tissue. Likewise, premature infants have untaught immune response to factors such as microorganisms or low blood circulation. Early infants; Infants who are fed formula rather than human milk. Babies in a nursery where an episode has taken place; Infants that have received blood exchange transfusions or have been seriously ill; Abdominal bloating; Blood in the stool; Diarrhea; Feeding issues; Lack of energy; Unstable body temperature level; Unstable breathing, heart rate, or blood pressure; Vomiting; NEC can occur in complete term children however it is far more common in very early babies, particularly very low birth weight babies, incidence varieties from 3% in infants with birth weight of 1251 to 1500 grams to 11% for infants birthed weighing less than 750 grams  When there is evidence of bowel opening and necrotic bowel, Surgical intervention is indicated. NEC remains a leading source of morbidity and mortality in the neonatal intensive treatment system regardless of substantial advances in the treatment being provided to early babies [5; 6] They do know that early infants have lungs and intestines that are weak and less mature than those of full-term infants. It can occur in any newborn, however it's most common in premature infants that consider less than 3. 25 pounds. Others who may be at risk consist of: Premature or high-risk infants who are fed formula by mouth or tube; Those that had a tough delivery or have reduced oxygen degrees; Infants that have a lot of red blood cells in flow; Babies with existing intestinal infections; Seriously unwell infants and those that've obtained a blood transfusion.
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