Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is a disorder of water balance. The body normally stabilizes fluid consumption with the excretion of fluid in urine. However, people with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus create excessive urine, which causes them to be exceedingly thirsty. Affected individuals can swiftly come to be dried out if they do not drink sufficient water, especially in hot climate or when they are sick. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus can be either obtained or hereditary. Babies with hereditary nephrogenic diabetes insipidus may eat poorly and fail to gain weight and grow at the expected rate. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus should not be puzzled with diabetes mellitus, which is more common. Diabetes mellitus is characterized by high blood sugar levels arising from a lack of the hormonal agent insulin or an insensitivity to this hormone. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus have some features in common, they are different disorders with different causes.
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