Advanced searches left 3/3
Search only database of 12 mil and more summaries

New York Times Resilience

Summarized by PlexPage
Last Updated: 18 January 2022

* If you want to update the article please login/register

General | Latest Info

As psychiatrist, Ive long wondered why some people get Ill in face of stress and adversity either mentally or physically, while others rarely succumb. We know, for example, that not everyone gets after exposure to extreme trauma, while some people get disabling depression with minimal or no stress. Likewise, we know that stress can contribute to physical conditions like heart disease and stroke in some people, while others emerge unscathed. What makes people resilient, and is something they are born with or can it be acquired later in life? New research suggests that one possible answer can be found in brains central executive network, which helps regulate emotions, thinking and behavior. In study published last month, Gregory Miller, psychologist at Northwestern University, and colleagues there and elsewhere used MRI to study brains of racially diverse group of 218 people, aged 12 to 14, living in violent neighborhoods in Chicago. They report that youths who had higher levels of functional connectivity in central executive network had better cardiac and metabolic health than their peers with lower levels of connectivity. What Dr. Miller and his colleagues discovered was that when neighborhood homicide rates go up, young people's cardiometabolic risk as measured by obesity, blood-pressure and insulin levels, among other variables, also increase, but only in youths show lower activity in this brain network. This was true even when researchers controlled for factors, like psychological distress, economic status, race or ethnicity. No link was found between brain connectivity cardiometabolic health for youths in neighborhoods with low levels of violence. One plausible explanation is that greater activity in this network increases self-control, which most reduces some unhealthy behaviors people often use to cope with stress, like eating junk food or smoking. Whats curious that more medically hardy young people were no less anxious or depressed than their less fortunate peers, which suggests that while being more resilient makes you less vulnerable to adversity, it doesnt guarantee happiness or even awareness of being resilient. Of course, this is observational study, so it cannot prove that correlation between brain connectivity and health is causal. Still, there is good reason to believe link may be causal because other studies have found that we can change activity in self-control network, and increase healthy behaviors, with simple behavioral interventions. For example, mindfulness training, which involves attention control, emotion regulation and increasing self-awareness, can increase connectivity within this network and people to quit smoking. In one study, two weeks of mindfulness training produced 60 percent reduction in smoking, compared with no reduction in control group that focussed on relaxation. MRI following mindfulness training showed increased activity in anterior cingulate cortex and prefrontal cortex, key brain areas in executive self-control network. Clearly, self-control is one critical component of resilience that be easily foster. But there are others.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Learning Requires Determination

Propose definitions include stable trajectory of healthy functioning after highly adverse event; conscious effort to move forward in insightful and integrated Positive manner as result of lessons learned from adverse experience; capacity of dynamic system to adapt successfully to disturbances that threaten viability, function, and development of that system; and process to harness resources in order to sustain well-being. Number Of These Definitions Bring Into Question Notion That Resilience Is Characterized By Absence Of Functional Impairment Or Psychopathology Following Highly Adverse Events. For example, should we classify trauma survivor as resilient if that person develops chronic symptoms of PTSD but also functions at high level, because they have succeeded in seeking out and using ample personal, material and social resources? All Panelists Stress importance of continued research direct toward establishing empirically driven operational definitions of resilience, recognizing that resilience is complex construct that may have specific meaning for particular individual, family, organization, society and culture; that individuals may be more resilient in some domains of their life than others, and during some phases of their life compare with other phases; and that there are likely numerous types of Resilience that depend on context. On one hand, goal may not be to agree on one definition of resilience, but rather to carefully define various types resilience depending on context. On other hand, in order to establish single broader, but nevertheless useful, definition of Resilience, it will be essential to collaborate with experts who study engineering, ecological, biological, individual, family, organizational and cultural Resilience. Panelists discuss need to approach our understanding of resilience and its determinants from multiple levels of analysis, including genetic, epigenetic, developmental, demographic, cultural, economic and social. In research to date, specific determinants generally serve as relatively weak predictors of resilience by themselves and explain relatively small piece of puzzle. Exceptions may be childhood protective factors that are routinely identified being important for developing resilience. These include healthy attachment relationships and good caregiving, emotion regulation skills, self-awareness and capacity to visualize future, and mastery motivation system that drives individuals to learn, grow and adapt to their environment. Determinants of Resilience may also differ on context and specific challenges. For example, some of determinants of resilience that are relevant for firefighters in United States may differ from those that are relevant for mothers living in impoverished country. While it is useful for researchers to identify general principles relating to resilience, it is also important to recognize that successful determinants may vary from one person to next based on multiple factors such as personality, specific challenges, resources available, and environmental context. In addition, there is evidence suggesting that resilience is associated with ability to employ variety of coping strategies in flexible manner depending on specific challenge, and then to use corrective feedback to adjust those strategies.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Stay Curious

With narrow options on how to spend time during quarantine, you might find that some otherwise mundane activities, like making tea or feeding dog, have become oddly enjoyable. Lean into that: these seemingly dull, day-to-day activities can be welcome distraction from stream of bad news. Behaviorally, I suggest that people limit news intake each day and engage in pleasant activities, Dr. McGowan say. This doesnt mean shutting yourself off to information entirely, but consuming that information in more intentional way. For example, instead of reading every update as it happen, you could set aside hour in morning and one in evening to stay informed on days news. Even under circumstances, mundane moments are important. In recent study, researchers highlighted value of small, everyday activities, asking participants to document daily habits, like which songs they listen to or what kind of updates they share on Facebook. Months later, when subjects revisited these documented moments, they were more curious and interested in those past activities than thought they would be. We tend to enjoy mundane in hindsight. Why not appreciate them in moment, too?

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

logo

Plex.page is an Online Knowledge, where all the summaries are written by a machine. We aim to collect all the knowledge the World Wide Web has to offer.

Partners:
Nvidia inception logo

© All rights reserved
2022 made by Algoritmi Vision Inc.

If you believe that any of the summaries on our website lead to misinformation, don't hesitate to contact us. We will immediately review it and remove the summaries if necessary.

If your domain is listed as one of the sources on any summary, you can consider participating in the "Online Knowledge" program, if you want to proceed, please follow these instructions to apply.
However, if you still want us to remove all links leading to your domain from Plex.page and never use your website as a source, please follow these instructions.