Nucleic Acids

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 04 May 2022

Nucleic acids are large biomolecules that play essential roles in all infections and cells. A major function of nucleic acids includes the storage and expression of genomic information. Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, inscribes the info cells need to make proteins. A related type of nucleic acid, called ribonucleic acid, comes in different molecular forms that play numerous cellular duties, consisting of protein synthesis. Each type of nucleic acid has a distinct structure and plays a different role in our cells. Researchers that first explored molecules inside the nucleus of cells found a peculiar compound that was not a protein or a lipid or a carb.

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