Oral Cancer

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 02 May 2022

Mouth cancer is also referred to as oral cancer. Tumours can develop in the glands that create saliva, the tonsils at the back of the mouth, and the part of the throat connecting your mouth to your windpipe. Points that increase your risk of developing mouth cancer consist of: cigarette smoking or utilizing other forms of tobacco; drinking alcohol, people who drink and smoke greatly have a much higher risk compared to the population at large; infection with the human papilloma virus, HPV is the virus that causes genital excrescences. Cigarette smoking and other tobacco use are linked to most cases of oral cancer. Heavy alcohol use increases the risk for oral cancer. Human papillomavirus infection account for a larger number of oral cancers than in the past. One type of HPV, type 16 or HPV-16, is more commonly related to nearly all oral cancers. Men develop oral cancer twice as frequently as women do. Oral cancers develop on the tongue, the tissue lining the mouth and gums, under the tongue, at the base of the tongue, and the area of the throat at the back of the mouth. Oral cancer represent roughly 3 percent of all cancers identified annually in the United States, or about 53,000 new cases each year.

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