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Overview Of Nervous System Disorders In Children

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Last Updated: 22 October 2020

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Nervous system that functions correctly is fantastically complex, well - oil machines fire appropriately, muscles move when needed, memories are formed and store, and emotions are well regulate. Unfortunately, each year millions of people in the United States deal with some sort of nervous system disorder. While scientists have discovered potential causes of many of these diseases, and viable treatments for some, ongoing research seeks to find ways to better prevent and treat all of these disorders. Neurodegenerative Disorders are illnesses characterized by loss of nervous system functioning that are usually caused by neuronal death. These diseases generally worsen over time as more and more neurons die. Symptoms of particular neurodegenerative disease are related to where in the nervous system, death of neurons occurs. Spinocerebellar ataxia, for example, leads to neuronal death in the cerebellum. The Death of these neurons causes problems with balance and walking. Neurodegenerative Disorders include Huntingtons disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimers disease and other types of dementia disorders, and Parkinsons disease. Here, Alzheimers and Parkinsons disease will be discussed in more depth. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly. In 2012, estimate 5. 4 million Americans suffer from Alzheimer's disease, and payments for their care are estimated at $200 billion. Roughly one in every eight people aged 65 or older has the disease. Due to the aging of the baby - boomer generation, there is projected to be as many as 13 million Alzheimer's patients in the United States in the year 2050. Symptoms of Alzheimer's disease include disruptive memory loss, confusion about time or place, difficulty planning or executing tasks, poor judgment, and personality changes. Problems smelling certain scents can also be indicative of Alzheimer's disease and may serve as an early warning sign. Many of these symptoms are also common in people who are aging normally, so it is the severity and longevity of symptoms that determine whether a person is suffering from Alzheimers. Alzheimer's disease was named after Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist who published a report in 1911 about a woman who showed severe dementia symptoms. Along with his colleagues, he examined women's brain following her death and reported the presence of abnormal clumps, which are now called amyloid plaques, along with tangled brain fibers called neurofibrillary tangles. Amyloid plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and overall shrinking of brain volume are commonly seen in the brains of Alzheimer's patients. Loss of neurons in the hippocampus is especially severe in advanced Alzheimer's patients. Figure 16. 30 compare normal brain to the brain of an Alzheimers patient.S Many research groups are examining causes of these hallmarks of disease. One form of disease is usually caused by mutations in one of three known genes. This rare form of early onset Alzheimers disease affects fewer than five percent of patients with the disease and causes dementia beginning between the ages of 30 and 60. The more prevalent, late - onset form of disease likely also has a genetic component.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Overview of nervous system disorders

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NeurologyNeurological surgeryRehabilitation for neurological disorders
The branch of medicine that manages nervous system disorders is called neurology . The medical doctors who treat nervous system disorders are called neurologists .The branch of medicine that provides surgical intervention for nervous system disorders is called neurosurgery or neurological surgery . Surgeons who operate as a treatment team for nervous system disorders are called neurological surgeons or neurosurgeons .The branch of medicine that provides rehabilitative care for patients with nervous system disorders is called physical medicine and rehabilitation . Doctors who work with patients in the rehabilitation process are called physiatrists .

Healthcare providers who treat nervous system disorders may have to spend a lot of time working with patients before making a probable diagnosis of a specific condition. Many times, this involves performing numerous tests to eliminate other conditions, so that probable diagnosis can be make. Neurology. The branch of medicine that manages nervous system disorders is called neurology. Medical healthcare providers who treat nervous system disorders are called neurologists. Some neurologists treat acute strokes and cerebral aneurysms using endovascular techniques. Neurological surgery. The branch of medicine that provides surgical intervention for nervous system disorders is called neurosurgery, or neurological surgery. Surgeons who operate as treatment teams for nervous system disorders are called neurological surgeons or neurosurgeons. Neuroradiologists and interventional radiologists. Radiologists specialize in diagnosis of neurological conditions using imaging and in treatment of certain neurologic conditions such as cerebral aneurysms, acute strokes, and vertebral fractures, as well as biopsies of certain tumors. Rehabilitation for neurological disorders. The branch of medicine that provides rehabilitative care for patients with nervous system disorders is called Physical medicine and rehabilitation. Healthcare providers who work with patients in the rehabilitation process are called physiatrists.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Home Treatment

Table

NeurologyNeurological surgeryRehabilitation for neurological disorders
The branch of medicine that manages nervous system disorders is called neurology . The medical doctors who treat nervous system disorders are called neurologists .The branch of medicine that provides surgical intervention for nervous system disorders is called neurosurgery or neurological surgery . Surgeons who operate as a treatment team for nervous system disorders are called neurological surgeons or neurosurgeons .The branch of medicine that provides rehabilitative care for patients with nervous system disorders is called physical medicine and rehabilitation . Doctors who work with patients in the rehabilitation process are called physiatrists .

The Nervous system is a complex, highly specialized network. It organize, explains, and directs interactions between you and the world around you. The nervous system controls: sight, hearing, taste, smell, and feeling. Voluntary and involuntary functions, such as movement, balance, and coordination. The nervous system also regulates actions of most other body systems, such as blood flow and blood pressure. Ability to think and reason. The nervous system allows you to be conscious and have thoughts, memories, and language. The nervous system is divided into brain and spinal cord and nerve cells that control voluntary and involuntary movements. Symptoms of nervous system problem depend on which area of the nervous system is involved and what is causing the problem. Nervous system problems may occur slowly and cause gradual loss of function. Or they may occur suddenly and cause life - threatening problems. Symptoms may be mild or severe. Some serious conditions, diseases, and injuries that can cause nervous system problems include: Blood supply problems. Injuries, especially injuries to the head and spinal cord. Problems that are present at birth. Mental health problems, such as anxiety disorders, depression, or psychosis. Exposure to toxins, such as carbon monoxide, arsenic, or lead. Problems that cause gradual loss of function. Examples include: Parkinson's disease. Multiple sclerosis. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Alzheimer's disease. Huntington's disease. Peripheral neuropathies. Infections. These may occur in: brain. The Membrane surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Overuse of or withdrawal from prescription and non - prescription medicines, illegal drugs, or alcohol. Brain tumour. Organ system failure. Examples include: Respiratory failure. Heart failure. Liver failure. Kidney failure. Other conditions. Some examples include: Thyroid dysfunction. High blood sugar or low blood sugar. Electrolyte problems. Nutritional deficiencies, such as vitamin B1 or vitamin B12 deficiency. Guillain - Barre syndrome. Sudden nervous system problems can cause many different symptoms, depending on the area of nervous system involve. Strokes and transient ischemic attacks are common examples of acute problems. You may experience sudden onset of one or more symptoms, such as: numbness, tingling, weakness, or inability to move part or all of one side of your body. Dimness, blurring, double vision, or loss of vision in one or both eyes. Loss of speech, trouble talking, or trouble understanding speech. Sudden, severe headache. Dizziness, unsteadiness, or inability to stand or walk, especially if other symptoms are present. Confusion or change in level of consciousness or behaviour. Severe nausea or vomiting. Seizures can also cause sudden changes in consciousness, feeling,s emotion,s or thought.S Abnormal body movements, such as muscle twitching, may or may not be present. How often seizures occur and how severe they are depends on the cause of seizures and the area of the brain involve. For more information, see topic Seizures. Diabetes can cause problems with balance, either as a result of peripheral neuropathy or stroke. Vertigo and Dizziness are problems of balance and coordination.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

What is a Neurologic Disorder?

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NeurologyNeurological surgeryRehabilitation for neurological disorders
The branch of medicine that manages nervous system disorders is called neurology . The medical doctors who treat nervous system disorders are called neurologists .The branch of medicine that provides surgical intervention for nervous system disorders is called neurosurgery or neurological surgery . Surgeons who operate as a treatment team for nervous system disorders are called neurological surgeons or neurosurgeons .The branch of medicine that provides rehabilitative care for patients with nervous system disorders is called physical medicine and rehabilitation . Doctors who work with patients in the rehabilitation process are called physiatrists .

The term neurologic disorder applies to any condition that is caused by dysfunction in part of the brain or nervous system, resulting in physical and / or psychological symptoms. Development of the human brain begins during pregnancy and continues through infancy, childhood and adolescence. Most brain cells are formed before birth but trillions of connections between these nerve cells are not developed until infancy. The brain is composed of gray matter and white matter. Motor neurons carry impulses away from the brain. The brain is self - organizing. It selects information to forward its growth and development. It also adapts to the environment. Experience of the environment through senses of touch, smell, sight, taste and hearing produces connections in the brain. All neurologic disorders involve the brain, spinal column or nerves. Symptoms depend on where damage occur. Areas that control movement, communication, vision, hearing or thinking can be affect. Neurologic disorders are wide ranging. They have various causes, complications and outcomes. Many result in additional needs requiring life - long management. Symptoms of neurologic disorders vary. Physical, cognitive, emotional and behavioral symptoms may be present, with specific disorders having combinations or clusters of these symptoms. For example, cerebral palsy tends to have more physical symptoms, whereas ADHD tends to have greater effects on behavior. Many neurologic disorders emerge during the early years of development and may be diagnosed at birth. Some are diagnosed later because symptoms only appear when: child misses developmental milestones or has developmental difficulties. Damaging infections occurs. An accident causes brain injury.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Causes

Spinal nerves exit the vertebral column via intervertebral foramen. Because the spinal cord is shorter than the vertebral column, more caudal spinal nerve, further foramen is from corresponding cord segment. Thus, in the lumbosacral region, nerve roots from lower cord segments descend within the spinal column in near - vertical sheaf, forming cauda equina. Just beyond intervertebral foramen, spinal nerves branch into several parts. Because vasa nervorum does not reach the center of the nerve, centrally located fascicles are most vulnerable to vascular disorders. These disorders result in small - fiber sensory dysfunction, motor weakness proportional to atrophy, and less severe reflex abnormalities than in other nerve disorders. Distal two thirds of limbs are affected most. Initially, deficits tend to be asymmetric because vasculitic or ischemic processes are random. However, multiple infarcts may later coalesce, causing symmetric deficits.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

About the Author

Table

NeurologyNeurological surgeryRehabilitation for neurological disorders
The branch of medicine that manages nervous system disorders is called neurology . The medical doctors who treat nervous system disorders are called neurologists .The branch of medicine that provides surgical intervention for nervous system disorders is called neurosurgery or neurological surgery . Surgeons who operate as a treatment team for nervous system disorders are called neurological surgeons or neurosurgeons .The branch of medicine that provides rehabilitative care for patients with nervous system disorders is called physical medicine and rehabilitation . Doctors who work with patients in the rehabilitation process are called physiatrists .

97% of authors who answered the survey reported that they would definitely publish or probably publish in Journal again Official Journal of International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery was found in 1972 as Child's Brain. As of 1 January 1985, society changed publishers. The New Official Journal, Child's Nervous System has been expanded to encompass all aspects of Pediatric Neurosurgery in the fields of Pediatric development and growth, neurooncology, neurophysiology, epilepsy and trauma. Each issue contains authoritative review articles, original articles, technical notes, commentaries on current and previously published papers, book reviews, and letters to the Editor. Original manuscripts and Brief Communications are given priority for publication. Case reports are accept, although preference is for those that might generate discussion or provide updates on rare subjects. New article submissions and suggestions regarding ways to improve Child's Nervous System are both solicited and welcome. Authors are also encouraged to submit electronic multimedia files and other supplementary files to be published online along with their article. This feature can add dimension to the author's article, as certain information cannot be printed or is more convenient in electronic form. 97% of authors who answered the survey reported that they would definitely publish or probably publish in Journal again Official Journal of International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery and European Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery Child's Nervous System encompasses all aspects of Pediatric Neurosurgery in fields of Pediatric development and growth, degenerative Disorders, hereditary diseases, Neurology, neurooncology, neurophysiology, and trauma.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Table of contents

Table

NeurologyNeurological surgeryRehabilitation for neurological disorders
The branch of medicine that manages nervous system disorders is called neurology . The medical providers who treat nervous system disorders are called neurologists .The branch of medicine that provides surgery for nervous system disorders is called neurosurgery or neurological surgery . Surgeons who operate as a treatment team for nervous system disorders are called neurological surgeons or neurosurgeons .The branch of medicine that gives rehabilitative care for children with nervous system disorders is called physical medicine and rehabilitation . Healthcare providers who work with children in the rehabilitation process are called physiatrists .

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

Table2

NeurologyNeurological surgeryRehabilitation for neurological disorders
The branch of medicine that manages nervous system disorders is called neurology . The medical doctors who treat nervous system disorders are called neurologists .The branch of medicine that provides surgical intervention for nervous system disorders is called neurosurgery or neurological surgery . Surgeons who operate as a treatment team for nervous system disorders are called neurological surgeons or neurosurgeons .The branch of medicine that provides rehabilitative care for patients with nervous system disorders is called physical medicine and rehabilitation . Doctors who work with patients in the rehabilitation process are called physiatrists .
* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Measurements and Main Results

Table

NeurologyNeurological surgeryRehabilitation for neurological disorders
The branch of medicine that manages nervous system disorders is called neurology . The medical doctors who treat nervous system disorders are called neurologists .The branch of medicine that provides surgical intervention for nervous system disorders is called neurosurgery or neurological surgery . Surgeons who operate as a treatment team for nervous system disorders are called neurological surgeons or neurosurgeons .The branch of medicine that provides rehabilitative care for patients with nervous system disorders is called physical medicine and rehabilitation . Doctors who work with patients in the rehabilitation process are called physiatrists .

The Neurological exam, also called neuro exam, is an evaluation of a person's nervous system that can be done in a healthcare provider's office. It may be do with instruments, such as lights and reflex hammers. It usually does not cause any pain to patient.S nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves from these areas. There are many aspects of this exam, including assessment of motor and sensory skills, balance and coordination, mental status, reflexes, and functioning of nerves. The extent of the exam depends on many factors, including the initial problem that patient is experiencing, age of the patient, and condition of the patient. A Complete and thorough evaluation of a person's nervous system is important if there is any reason to think there may be underlying problem, or during complete physical. Damage to the nervous system can cause problems in daily functioning. Early identification may help to find the cause and decrease long - term complications. A Complete neurological exam may be done during routine physical following any type of trauma to follow progression of disease If person has any of the following complaints: Headaches, Blurry vision, Change in behavior, Fatigue, Change in balance or coordination, Numbness or tingling in arms or legs, Decrease in movement of arms or legs Injury To head, neck, or back Fever Seizures slur speech Weakness Tremor during neurological exam, healthcare provider will test functioning of nervous system. The nervous system is very complex and controls many parts of the body. The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, 12 nerves that come from the brain, and nerves that come from the spinal cord. Circulation To brain, arising from arteries in the neck, is also frequently examine. In infants and younger children, neurological exams include measurement of head circumference. The following is an overview of some of the areas that may be tested and evaluated during the neurological exam: mental status. Mental status may be assessed by conversing with a patient and establishing his or her awareness of person, place, and time. A person will also be observed for clear speech and making sense while talking. This is usually done by the patient's healthcare provider just by observing the patient during normal interactions. Motor function and balance. This may be tested by having a patient push and pull against healthcare provider's hands with his or her arms and legs. Balance may be checked by assessing how a person stands and walks or having a patient stand with his or her eyes closed while being gently pushed to one side or other. The patient's joints may also be checked simply by passive and active movement. Sensory exam. The patient's healthcare provider may also do sensory tests that check his or her ability to feel. This may be done by using different instruments: dull needles, tuning forks, alcohol swabs, or other objects.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

Table2

NeurologyNeurological surgeryRehabilitation for neurological disorders
The branch of medicine that manages nervous system disorders is called neurology . The medical providers who treat nervous system disorders are called neurologists .The branch of medicine that provides surgery for nervous system disorders is called neurosurgery or neurological surgery . Surgeons who operate as a treatment team for nervous system disorders are called neurological surgeons or neurosurgeons .The branch of medicine that gives rehabilitative care for children with nervous system disorders is called physical medicine and rehabilitation . Healthcare providers who work with children in the rehabilitation process are called physiatrists .
* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

INTRODUCTION

Table

NeurologyNeurological surgeryRehabilitation for neurological disorders
The branch of medicine that manages nervous system disorders is called neurology . The medical doctors who treat nervous system disorders are called neurologists .The branch of medicine that provides surgical intervention for nervous system disorders is called neurosurgery or neurological surgery . Surgeons who operate as a treatment team for nervous system disorders are called neurological surgeons or neurosurgeons .The branch of medicine that provides rehabilitative care for patients with nervous system disorders is called physical medicine and rehabilitation . Doctors who work with patients in the rehabilitation process are called physiatrists .

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Table

NeurologyNeurological surgeryRehabilitation for neurological disorders
The branch of medicine that manages nervous system disorders is called neurology . The medical doctors who treat nervous system disorders are called neurologists .The branch of medicine that provides surgical intervention for nervous system disorders is called neurosurgery or neurological surgery . Surgeons who operate as a treatment team for nervous system disorders are called neurological surgeons or neurosurgeons .The branch of medicine that provides rehabilitative care for patients with nervous system disorders is called physical medicine and rehabilitation . Doctors who work with patients in the rehabilitation process are called physiatrists .

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

DISCUSSION

Table

NeurologyNeurological surgeryRehabilitation for neurological disorders
The branch of medicine that manages nervous system disorders is called neurology . The medical doctors who treat nervous system disorders are called neurologists .The branch of medicine that provides surgical intervention for nervous system disorders is called neurosurgery or neurological surgery . Surgeons who operate as a treatment team for nervous system disorders are called neurological surgeons or neurosurgeons .The branch of medicine that provides rehabilitative care for patients with nervous system disorders is called physical medicine and rehabilitation . Doctors who work with patients in the rehabilitation process are called physiatrists .

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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