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People By Illness

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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Productive activities healthy relationships Ability to adapt to change and cope with adversity refers collectively to all diagnosable Mental disorders Health conditions involving significant changes in thinking, emotion and / or behavior Distress and / or problems functioning in social, work or family activities Mental Health is a foundation for emotions, thinking, communication, learning, resilience and self-esteem. Mental health is also key to relationships, personal and emotional well-being and contributing to community or society. Many people who have mental illness do not want to talk about it. But mental illness is nothing to be ashamed of! It is a medical condition, just like heart disease or diabetes. And mental health conditions are treatable. We are continually expanding our understanding of how the human brain works, and treatments are available to help people successfully manage mental health conditions. Mental Illness does not discriminate; it can affect anyone regardless of your age, gender, geography, income, social status, race / ethnicity, religion / spirituality, sexual orientation, background or other aspect of cultural identity. While mental illness can occur at any age, three-fourths of all mental illness begins by age 24. Mental illnesses take many forms. Some are mild and only interfere in limited ways with daily life, such as certain phobias. Other mental health conditions are so severe that person may need care in hospital. Mental health conditions are treatable and improvement is possible. Many people with mental health conditions return to full functioning. Some mental illnesses are preventable. It is not always clear when problems with mood or thinking have become serious enough to be a mental health concern. Sometimes, for example, depressed mood is normal, such as when a person experiences the loss of a loved one. But if that depressed mood continues to cause distress or gets in the way of normal functioning, person may benefit from professional care. Family or friends may recognize changes or problems that person do see in themselves. Some mental illnesses can be related to or mimic medical condition. For example, depressive symptoms can be related to thyroid condition. Therefore, mental health diagnosis typically involves full evaluation including a physical exam. This may include blood work and / or neurological tests. People of diverse cultures and backgrounds may express mental health conditions differently. For example, some are more likely to come to health care professional with complaints of physical symptoms that are caused by mental health condition. Some cultures view and describe mental health conditions in different ways from most doctors in the US. The stigma around Mental Illness and Treatment prevents many people from seeking needed Treatment. Diagnosis of mental disorder is not the same as need for treatment. The Need for Treatment takes into consideration how severe symptoms are, how much symptoms cause distress and affect daily living, risks and benefits of available treatments and other factors. Mental Health Treatment is based upon an individualized plan developed collaboratively with Mental Health clinician and Individual. It may include psychotherapy, medication or other treatments.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

What causes Munchausen's syndrome?

Munchausen's syndrome is a psychological disorder where someone pretends to be ill or deliberately produces symptoms of illness in themselves. Their main intention is to assume sick role so that people care for them and they are the centre of attention. Any practical benefit in pretending to be sick-for example, claiming incapacity benefit-is not the reason for their behaviour. Munchausen's syndrome is named after the German aristocrat, Baron Munchausen, who became famous for telling wild, unbelievable tales about his exploits. Munchausen's syndrome is complex and poorly understood. Many people refuse psychiatric treatment or psychological profiling, and it's unclear why people with syndrome behave the way they do. Several factors have been identified as possible causes of Munchausen's syndrome. These include: emotional trauma or illness during childhood-this often results in Extensive Medical attention personality disorder-Mental health conditions that cause patterns of abnormal thinking and behaviour grudge against authority figures or healthcare professionals


Causes

There may also be a link between personality and factitious disorder imposed on self. This is because personality disorders are common in people with Munchausen syndrome. This disorder may stem from people's inner need to be seen as sick or disabled. It could also be due to person having an insecure sense of their own identity. People affected by this disorder are willing to go through extreme measures, such as undergoing painful or risky tests or operations in attempt to gain sympathy and special attention to people who are truly sick. So pretending to be sick allows them to assume identity that elicits support and acceptance from others. Admission to hospital can also provide a clearly defined place in social network.


Treatment

As mention, treating Munchausen's syndrome can be very difficult as most people with the condition will refuse to admit they have a problem and will not co-operate with suggested treatment plans. Because of this, some experts have suggested that health professionals should adopt a gentle, non-confrontational approach. So rather than directly accuse person of lying, they may gently suggest that they have complex health needs that may benefit from referral to a psychiatrist. Still, even with this approach, many people refuse, or simply move to another area. For people who do admit they have a problem, and co-operate with treatment, it may be possible to help them control symptoms of Munchausen's syndrome. There is no standard treatment for the condition, but the combination of psychoanalysis and cognitive behavioural therapy has proven relatively successful in helping people control their symptoms. Psychoanalysis is a type of psychotherapy that is based on theories of Sigmund Freud. Freud suggested that unconscious beliefs or motivations, often formed during early childhood, can lie at the root of many psychological conditions. Psychoanalysis attempts to uncover and then resolve these unconscious beliefs and motivations. CBT works by helping people to identify any unhelpful and unrealistic beliefs and behavioural patterns they may have. The therapist then shows them ways in which they can replace these beliefs with more realistic and balanced ones.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

What Causes Anosognosia?

People do always feel comfortable admitting to themselves or others that they have a condition theyve been newly diagnosed with. This isnt unusual, and most people eventually accept the diagnosis. But sometimes, rejection is long-lasting, and it is not simply denial that causes person to reject facts. Its condition is called anosognosia. This loosely means lack of awareness or insight in Greek. Anosognosia is a lack of ability to perceive the realities of one's own condition. It is people's inability to accept that they have a condition that matches up with their symptoms or formal diagnosis. This occurs despite significant evidence of diagnosis, and despite second and even third medical opinions confirming validity of diagnosis. Anosognosia is the result of changes to the brain. It is not just stubbornness or outright denial, which is defense mechanism some people use when they receive difficult diagnosis to cope with. In fact, anosognosia is central in conditions like Schizophrenia or bipolar Disorder. Let's take a closer look at what causes this symptom, how to recognize it, and what you and your loved ones can do to cope.


Treatment

In 2003, World Health Organization stated that the need to develop strategies to improve adherence is an essential element in reducing the global burden of disease. In no field of healthcare is this statement more valid than in schizophrenia. Treatment aimed at improving insight could have a tremendous impact on outcomes of schizophrenia. Insight is rarely specifically measured in treatment studies, despite research suggesting its independence from other psychotic symptoms. Regrettably, but not surprisingly, no medication specifically targets insight. Recent meta-analysis 41 reviews the impact of various treatments on insight. Review was limited by small effect size and scarceness of studies specifically measuring insight. Cognitive behavioral therapy, adherence therapy, and psychoeducation were found to have small-to-moderate effects on insight, though not statistically significant. Social skills training and video self-observation may be beneficial in treating insight; however, more evidence is needed to evaluate the efficancy of these treatments. Comprehensive treatments involving multiple treatment modalities have also shown promising results. Limited literature concerning novel somatic interventions is of interest. Gerretsen et al 42 describes treatment-resistant 39-year-old man with schizophrenia WHO show brief illness awareness following dose of bilaterally applied electroconvulsive therapy. Levine et al 43 similarly demonstrate short-live insight improvement following leave-ear, cold-water, caloric vestibular nerve stimulation first in patient with psychotic mania and then with two patients with schizophrenia. Finally, Kim et al 44 report beneficial effects from repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on visuospatial neglect in cohort of 27 patients acutely recovering from stroke. Treatment was delivered at a rapid rate during 10 sessions over lesioned posterior parietal cortex. Though this last study population was quite distinct from patients with schizophrenia, it may well be that commonalities in underlying neural abnormalities associated with anosognosia make rTMS trials in poor-insight schizophrenia worthwhile. Moreover, increasing availability of rTMS labs in research and clinical settings makes this a viable proposition. While these reports may not immediately translate into current clinical practice, they suggest that insight deficits may represent the ultimate therapeutic target for localized cortical modulation. In the relative absence of controlled trials focusing on improving insight, per se, clinical principles must apply. Proper therapeutic sequencing would seem essential to improving insight and treatment adherence. For instance, applying psychoeducational and cognitive-behavioral interventions during a window of time when a patient is showing meaningful response to pharmacotherapy and is in his or her most lucid condition may permit greater engagement in ongoing care. Similarly, continuing these efforts during periods of highest nonadherence risk, for example during the first year after discharge, when many patients choose to stop treatment, may also have the greatest benefit. Recognizing need for indefinite reinforcement of insight-building dialogues should inform how members of the patient treatment team interact with patient, providing structure for case manager visits, and 15-minute medication check. Treating professionals should promote and participate in families ' efforts to sustain their love ones limit insights and treatment adherence, inviting family members into treatment and psychoeducational process.


What is impaired awareness of illness?

Impaired awareness of illness means that a person does not recognize that he / she is sick. Person believe that their delusions are real and that their hallucinations are real. Impaired awareness of illness is the same thing as lack of insight. The term used by neurologists for impaired awareness of illness is anosognosia, which comes from the Greek word for disease and knowledge. It literally means to not know disease.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Where to Get Help

If you think that you, or someone youare close to, might have Mental Health Problems, youave already taken the first step, which is to notice that something doesnat seem right. For instance, someone might seem depressed, anxious, see or hear things that arenat there, abuse drugs, or have other problems with thinking. The second step is to get help from a psychiatrist or another Mental Health expert. Doing these two things can be tough. But once you do, you can find out whatas going on and start to get better. The sooner you do it, better. Like many other medical conditions, mental illnesses are often the easiest to treat when theyare in early stages.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Receiving a Diagnosis

Knowing warning signs can help let you know if you need to speak to a professional. For many people, getting an accurate diagnosis is the first step in a treatment plan. Unlike diabetes or cancer, there is no medical test that can accurately diagnose mental illness. Mental health professionals will use the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association, to assess symptoms and make diagnosis. The manual lists criteria including feelings and behaviors and time limits in order to be officially classified as a mental health condition. After diagnosis, health care providers can help develop a treatment plan that could include medication, therapy or other lifestyle changes.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Policy

In previous chapters, Committee frame numerous challenges and opportunities for defining and measuring Determinants of Living Well With Chronic Illness. This Chapter describes the associated challenges of designing and implementing effective Public Policies aimed at Living Well With Chronic illnesses. First, chapter defines Health Policy, which is aimed at improving delivery of Health Care and Public Health, and describes the need for better integration between the two fields. It includes a brief description of barriers to developing effective Health Policy, including budgetary challenges, and lack of systematic evidence-base Policy Assessment, evaluation, and surveillance. Next, Chapter identify range of Public Policies that have an Impact on Living Well With Chronic Illness. Using Friedens Pyramid of Factors that Impact Health as framework, chapter summarizes the continuum of policies ranging from structural policies, which have the largest Impact on the broad population of those WHO are chronically ill, to individual-level policy interventions, which have more targeted Impact on smaller numbers of people. Beginning With base of Friedens Pyramid, Chapter highlights numerous Public Policies that have an impact on the ability of high-risk populations with Chronic illnesses to live well. Numerous Social Policies have proven critical in maintaining function and independence for chronically ill populations WHO are most disadvantaged in terms of Income and / or Disability. The recent Institute of Medicine Report For Public Health: Revitalizing Law and Policy to Meet New Challenges describes these policies and makes detailed recommendations about the need to review and revise various Public Health Policies and laws in order to improve population health. Many of these policies and laws are designed to prevent illness in the general population and to help prevent further morbidity in those already chronically illfor. Example, clean indoor air laws and smoking cessation interventions. Extending through the tip of Friedens Pyramid, chapter concludes with Policies that Impact Health Care delivery and Self-Care, also important in supporting those with Chronic Illness to live well. The recently passed Federal Health Reform, Affordable Care Act, represents the most significant changes to Health Care Policy since passage of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965. Give numerous provisions targeted to improving Health Care delivery and population health, chapter describes aspects of ACA that are particularly relevant to the well-being of those with Chronic Illness. Finally, in order to promote synergistic improvements in public Policies that have potential to impact health, chapter describes a broad Health in All Policies strategy that seeks to assess health implications of both health and nonhealth-public-and private-sector policies. In General, Public Policy refers to authoritative decisions made by legislative, executive, or judicial branches of government that are intended to direct or influence actions, behaviors, or decisions of others. Health Policy is a subset of Public Policies that Impact Health Care delivery and Public Health.


Critical Illness Insurance 101

As average life expectancy in the United States continues to increase, insurance brokers are finding ways to make sure Americans can afford the privilege of getting older. Critical Illness Insurance was developed in 1996, as people realized that surviving a heart attack or Stroke could leave patients with insurmountable medical bills. Even with excellent medical Insurance, just one Critical Illness can be a tremendous financial burden, says CFP Jeff Rossi of Peak Wealth Advisors, LLC. Critical Illness Insurance provides coverage if you experience one or more of the following medical emergencies: heart attack, Stroke Organ transplants Cancer Coronary bypass because these illnesses require extensive medical care and treatment, their costs can outstrip family medical insurance policies quickly. If you do have an emergency fund or health savings account, youll have an even harder time paying those bills out of pocket. Many people are now choosing high-deductible health plans, which can be something of a double-edge sword: Consumers benefit from relatively affordable monthly premiums but could find themselves in a real pinch if a serious illness were to strike. Critical Illness Insurance can pay for costs not covered by traditional insurance. Money can also be used for non-medical costs related to Illness, including transportation, child Care, etc. Typically, insurance will receive a lump sum to cover those costs. Coverage limits vary-you could be eligible for a few thousand dollars all way up to 100 000, depending on your policy. Policy pricing is impacted by a number of factors, including the amount and extent of coverage, sex, age and health of insured, and family medical history. There are exceptions to Critical Illness Insurance coverage. Some types of cancer may not be cover, while chronic illnesses are also frequently exempt. You may not be able to receive a payout if the disease comes back or if you suffer a second Stroke or heart attack. Some coverage might end once the insured reaches a certain age. So, like any form of insurance, make sure to read the policy carefully. The last thing you want to worry about is your emergency plan.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Background

Although precise statistics are not available, it is estimated that at least 20 percent of people on death row have serious mental illness. Mental health conditions can influence an individual's mental state at the time he or she commits a crime, can affect how voluntary and reliable individual statements might be, can compromise person competence to stand trial and to waive his or her rights, and is bind to have significant effect upon persons understanding of criminal justice system. The process of determining guilt and imposing a sentence is necessarily more complex for individuals with mental health conditions. A high standard of care is essential when providing legal representation as well as psychological and psychiatric evaluation for individuals with mental health conditions involved in death penalty cases. Some states require prediction of future dangerousness in order to impose the death sentence. However, research has shown predictions of future dangerousness to be unscientific and frequently inaccurate. Therefore, such predictions are highly suspect as the basis on which to impose the death penalty. False perceptions of the link between dangerousness and mental illness and inadequate understanding of the role of mental illness in crimes may lead to harsher sentencing. In fact, research shows that people with mental illnesses pose only an significant greater risk of violence than the average person. Unfortunately, however, misperceive link between mental illness and violence drives both legal policy and criminal justice system practice with respect to people with mental health conditions. MHA believe that having mental illness is a mitigating circumstance that should be taken into consideration during sentencing. Unfortunately, research shows that evidence of mental illness is often not provided during sentencing, and jurors often misperceive mental illness as aggravating evidence rather than mitigating evidence, which together increases the possibility of inappropriate application of the death penalty to people with mental illnesses. In 1986, Supreme Court ruled in Ford v. Wainwright, 477 US 399 that: reasons at common law for not condoning execution of insane-that such execution has questionable retributive value, presents no example to others, and thus has no deterrence value, and simply offends humanity-have no less logical, moral, and practical force at present. Whether the aim is to protect condemn from fear and pain without comfort of understanding, or to protect the dignity of society itself from the barbarity of exacting mindless vengeance, restriction finds enforcement in the Eighth Amendment. Conversely, courts allow people with mental illness to be executed if they understand the punishment that awaits them and why they are being put to death. This has prompted some states to provide psychiatric treatment to offenders with mental illness on death row in order to restore their competency. Consistent with the code of ethics of the American Medical Association, MHA is opposed to the practice of having a psychiatrist or other mental health professional treat person in order to restore competency solely to permit the state to execute that person.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Communicable diseases

A Communicable Disease is one that is spread from one person to another through a variety of ways that include: contact with blood and bodily fluids; breathing in airborne Virus; or by being bitten by insect. Reporting of cases of Communicable Disease is important in planning and evaluation of Disease prevention and Control programs, in assurance of appropriate medical therapy, and in detection of common-source outbreaks. California law mandates healthcare providers and laboratories to report over 80 diseases or conditions to their local Health Department. Some examples of reportable Communicable Diseases include Hepatitis, B & C, influenza, measles, and salmonella and other food borne illnesses.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Overview

Several general conclusions are supported by this brief overview. First, mental disorders are neither necessary, nor sufficient causes of violence. Major determinants of violence continue to be socio-demographic and socio-economic factors such as being young, male, and of lower socio-economic status. Second, members of the public undoubtedly exaggerate both the strength of relationship between major mental disorders and violence, as well as their own personal risk from severely mentally ill. It is far more likely that people with serious mental illnesses will be victims of violence. Third, substance abuse appears to be a major determinant of violence and this is true whether it occurs in the context of concurrent mental illness or not. Those with substance disorders are major contributors to community violence, perhaps accounting for as much as a third of self-report violent acts, and seven out of every 10 crimes of violence among mentally disordered offenders. Finally, too much past research has focused on people with mental illness, rather than the nature of social interchange that leads to violence. Consequently, we know much less than we should about the nature of these relationships and contextual determinants of violence, and much less than we should about opportunities for primary prevention. Nevertheless, current literature supports early identification and treatment of substance abuse problems, and greater attention to diagnosis and management of concurrent substance abuse disorders among seriously mentally ill as potential Violence Prevention strategies.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Why Is Mental Health Important?

NAMI recognizes that other organizations have drawn distinctions between what diagnoses consider mental health conditions as opposed to mental illnesses. We intentionally use the terms Mental Health conditions and Mental Illness / es interchangeably. Mental Illness is a condition that affects a person's thinking, feeling, behavior or mood. These conditions deeply impact day-to-day living and may also affect ability to relate to others. If you have or think you might have Mental Illness, first thing you must know is that you are not alone. Mental health conditions are far more common than you think, mainly because people do like to, or are scar to, TALK about them. However: 1 in 5 US adults experience Mental Illness each year. 1 in 25 US adults experience serious Mental Illness each year. 1 in 6 US youths aged 6-17 experience Mental health disorder each year. 50 % of all lifetime Mental Illness begins by age 14, and 75 % by age 24 Mental Health condition isnt result of one event. Research suggests multiple, linking causes. Genetics, environment and lifestyle influence whether someone develops a mental health condition. Stressful job or home life make some people more susceptible, as do traumatic life events. Biochemical processes and circuits and basic brain structure may play a role, too. None of this means that youre break or that you, or your family, do something wrong. Mental illness is no one's fault. And for many people, recovery, including meaningful roles in social life, school and work, is possible, especially when you start treatment early and play a strong role in your own recovery process.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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