Phosphate Backbone

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 05 May 2022

A phosphate backbone is the portion of the DNA double helix that provides structural assistance to the particle. DNA includes two hairs that wind around each other like a twisted ladder. Both hairs are held together by bonds between the bases, with adenine developing a base couple with thymine, and cytosine developing a base couple with guanine. The sides connecting all the particles are where the phosphate backbones are. The other impressive thing about phosphate foundations is the energy for generating the DNA polymer originates from the phosphate itself. So when DNA is synthesized, there is an ATP, an energy particle, that's part of the phosphate backbone that is used to link the DNA together.

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