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Loch Ness Monster, byname Nessie, large marine creature believed by some people to inhabit Loch Ness, Scotland. However, much of the alleged evidence supporting its existence has been discredit, and it is widely thought that Monster is a myth. Reports of Monsters inhabiting Loch Ness date back to ancient times. Notably, local stone carvings by Pict depict mysterious beast with flippers. First written account appear in biography of. Columba from 565 ad. According to that work, Monster bit swimmer and was preparing to attack another man when Columba intervene, ordering the beast to go back. It obey, and over centuries only occasional sightings were report. Many of these alleged encounters seem inspired by Scottish folklore, which abounds with mythical water creatures. In 1933, the Loch Ness monsters legend began to grow. At time, road adjacent to Loch Ness was finish, offering an unobstructed view of the lake. In April, a couple saw an enormous animalwhich they compared to a dragon or prehistoric monsterand after it crossed their car's path, it disappeared into the water. The incident was reported in Scottish newspaper, and numerous sightings follow. In December 1933, the Daily Mail commissioned Marmaduke Wetherell, big-game hunter, to locate a sea serpent. Along lake shores, he finds large footprints that he believed belong to a very powerful soft-foot animal about 20 feet long. However, upon closer inspection, zoologists at the Natural History Museum determined that the tracks were identical and made with an umbrella stand or ashtray that had hippopotamus leg as base; Wetherells role in the hoax was unclear. News only seems to spur efforts to prove monsters ' existence. In 1934, English physician Robert Kenneth Wilson photographed an alleged creature. An iconic imageknown as surgeons photographappeared to show monsters with a small head and neck. The Daily Mail printed photograph, sparking an international sensation. Many speculate that creature was a plesiosaur, marine reptile that went extinct some 65. 5 million years ago. The Loch Ness area attracts numerous Monster hunters. Over the years, several sonar explorations were undertaken to locate the creature, but none were successful. In addition, numerous photographs allegedly show beast, but most were discredited as fakes or as depicting other animals or objects. Notably, in 1994 it was revealed that the Wilson photograph was hoax spearhead by revenge-seeking Wetherell; Monster was actually a plastic-and-wooden head attached to a toy submarine. In 2018, researchers conducted a DNA survey of Loch Ness to determine what organisms live in the waters. No signs of plesiosaur or other such large animals were find, though results indicate the presence of numerous eels. This finding leaves open the possibility that Monster is an oversized eel. Despite the lack of conclusive evidence, Loch Ness Monster remains popularand profitable. In the early 21st century, it was thought that it contributed nearly 80 million annually to the Scotland economy.
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