Pituitary Gland

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 05 May 2022
the head and neck with the thyroid, pituitary gland, tsh, and t3–t4 labeled "the head and neck with the thyroid, pituitary gland, tsh, and t3–t4 labeled", by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health. Drawing of the head and neck with the thyroid, pituitary gland, TSH, and T3–T4 labeled. Arrows show the direction of TSH from the pituitary gland to the thyroid gland and of T3–T4 from the thyroid...

The pituitary gland exists deep inside the head. As an example, the hypothalamus might send out a hormonal agent called GHRH, or development hormonal agent launching hormonal agent. Not getting sufficient during youth can cause pituitary dwarfism. In a body that has already matured, excessive development hormonal agent can cause acromegaly. A different hormone command from the hypothalamus may cause the launch of thyroid stimulating hormonal agent or TSH. TSH causes the thyroid to release two hormones called T3 and T4 that promote metabolic rate in other cells throughout the body. The pituitary can also launch a hormonal agent called antidiuretic hormone, or ADH. Alcohol hinders the launch of ADH, so drinking liquors leads to more urine production. The pituitary gland creates other hormonal agents that manage other bodily functions and procedures. Prolactin is a hormonal agent that impacts breast tissue in nursing moms. ACTH or adrenocorticotrophic hormone causes the adrenal glands to produce essential substances similar to steroids.

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