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|Elevation||1,562 feet (476 m)|
|Coordinates||421740N 754537W / 42.2945195N 75.7601919W / 42.2945195; -75.7601919 Coordinates : 421740N 754537W / 42.2945195N 75.7601919W / 42.2945195; -75.7601919|
|Location||SSE of Greene , New York , U.S.|
|Topo map||USGS Greene|
Soon after the conclusion of the French and Indian War, English-to keep peace with Native Peoples-agree to the Fort Stanwick Treaty on Nov. 5 1768. This Treaty formed a Line that runs South from Fort Stanwick to separate lands between European Settlement and Native Peoples. This line, in part, follows the Unadilla River to the Susquehanna River, establishing the future eastern border of Chenango County. On March 12 1772, western lands, including what is now Chenango County were separated from Albany County to become Tyron County, named after Colonial Governor William Tyron. With the birth of the United States in 1776 and the conclusion of the American Revolution in 1783, State of New York was establish. First form of National government, Articles of Confederation, leave affairs of Western Land Settlement and negotiations with Native People to individual States. The Fort Stanwick Treaty was now void, and Tyron County's name was changed to Montgomery County in memory of General Richard Montgomery who was killed in an assault on Quebec during the 1775 American invasion of Canada. Two treaties-one at Fort Herkimer on June 28 1785 and one at Fort Schyler on Sept. 22 1788-between Native People and the State of New York open Land West of Unadilla River for Settlement. On Feb. 25 1789, surveyor General Simon DeWitt began the process of surveying these newly open lands. Portions of Montgomery County were Divide into Tioga, Herkimer and Ontario counties. First, Chenango County was vastly larger than today, reaching from the South shore of Oneida Lake to Present-Day Broome County. This New County was established from parts of Herkimer and Tioga counties on March 15 1798. The county was then surveyed into towns. Each town was Divide into lots 1 to 100 with one lot set aside for religious use, called Gospel Lot, and one for education. The State of New York then sold these lots to land agents who resold lots. In many cases, land was leased to first settlers. On April 4 1804, some of Chenango County was partitioned to expand Oneida County. On March 21 1806, more of Chenango County was partitioned to produce Madison County. This establishes the current borders of Chenango County, which have been maintained to early 21st century. This area was developed for agriculture in the 19th century and is still largely rural. According to the US Census Bureau, county has a total area of 899 square miles of which 894 square miles are land and 5. 1 square mile is water. Chenango County is in approximate Center of the State, West of Albany, North of Binghamton and southeast of Syracuse. The County is considered to be in the Southern Tier region of New York State. The Chenango River, tributary of the Susquehanna River, flows southward through the County. Hamlets within town: Bettsburg, East Afton, Melendy Hill, Middle Bridge, Ninevah, Ninevah Junction, and North Afton.
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