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Industrialization and urbanization have intensified environmental risks and pollution, especially in developing countries. Air pollution, lead poisoning, inadequate supply, sanitation and hygiene, and hazardous waste cause debilitating and fatal illnesses, create harmful living conditions, and destroy ecosystems. Pollution stunts economic growth and exacerbates poverty and inequality both urban and rural areas. Poor people, WHO cannot afford to protect from negative impacts of pollution, end up suffering most. Pollution is largest environmental cause of disease and premature death. Pollution of air, land, and causes more than 9 million premature deaths. That is three more deaths than from AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria combined and 15 times more than from all wars and other forms of violence. Researchers in various parts of world are finding relationships between air quality and incidence of illness and death due to COVID - 19. Although further research is needed to strengthen conclusions, some of these studies suggest particulate matter could play important role in transmission of Coronavirus and in increased death rates. According to World Bank, at global level, cost associated with health damage from ambient air pollution is estimated to be 5. 7 trillion, equivalent to 4. 8 percentage of global GDP. In individual countries, economic burden of pollution associated with premature mortality and morbidity is also significant, equivalent to 5 to 14 percentage of ' GDPs. Individual country for Argentina, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, China, Colombia, India, Lao PDR, Morocco, Nepal, Pakistan, Peru and Zambia, at national and subnational levels, suggest that costs of pollution - related disease are mainly due to outdoor and household air pollution; lead exposure; noise pollution; and inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene. It is critical to address pollution because of unacceptable toll on health and human capital, as well as associated GDP losses. Pollution Management offers no - regrets options that can alleviate boost share prosperity, and address vital demands of millions of people for healthier and more productive lives. In addition, management can enhance competitiveness, for example, through job creation, better energy efficiency, improved transport, and sustainable urban and rural development. Pollution Management can also make substantial contributions to climate change mitigation through actions, such as reduction black carbon emissions, which contribute to both air pollution and global warming. World Bank Group Works With Developing Countries And Development Partners To Reduce Pollution, Implement Proper Waste Management, Improve Water And Air Quality, And Promote Clean Development For Healthier Lives And Better Economic Opportunity. Between 2000 and 2019, more than 714 World Bank Group projects have addrest water and Land Pollution Management. In same period, WBG financing this area averaged 3. 15 billion per year. Projects are aimed at improving air in several countries. In China, two US 500 million projects are reducing concentrations of air pollutants in province of Hebei and increasing energy efficiency and clean energy in Beijing - Tianjin - Hebei region. In Peru, project is supporting and water quality monitoring systems.
Effect of exposure to indoor air pollution solid fuel use compared with cleaner fuels, or for users of improved chimney stoves, on risk of low birth weight. Sizes Of Boxes In Forest Plot Are Proportional To Sample Sizes Of Included Studies. Term births; preterm births. Ci, confidence df, degrees of freedom; IV, inverse variance; SE, standard error. Effect of exposure to indoor air from solid fuel use compared with cleaner fuels, or for users of improved chimney stoves, on mean birth weight. For adjusted mean difference in birth weight, actual weights and associated standard deviations are estimate. Sizes Of Boxes In Forest Plot Are Proportional To Sample Sizes Of Included Studies. Ci, confidence df, degrees of freedom; IV, inverse variance; SD, standard deviation.
Although industry makes significant contribution to economic welfare and development of country, pollution from industrial activities can also negatively affect people and environment. Pollution from industry is subject to national, European and international regulations, and standards that limit waste and resource use. Industry here refers to production of goods within economy. Activities include energy extractive industry, manufacturing industry, waste industry,. Energy used for transport related to these activities is not include.
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