Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 02 May 2022
should all women with polycystic ovary syndrome be screened for metabolic parameters?: a hospital-based observational study "should all women with polycystic ovary syndrome be screened for metabolic parameters?: a hospital-based observational study", by . pone.0167036.g001: Distribution of PCOS Phenotypes in Female Participants (≥ 18 years of age).[PCO+HA+OD is the classic reproductive phenotype which has polycystic ovary morphology, androgen excess and ovulation dysfunction. PCO+HA is the ovulatory phenotype which has...

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a problem that affects women in their child-bearing years and modifies the levels of multiple hormones, causing issues affecting many body systems. Most women with polycystic ovary syndrome produce excess male sex hormonal agents, a condition called hyperandrogenism. About half of all women with polycystic ovary syndrome are obese or overweight and go to increased risk of a fatty liver. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome are additionally at increased risk for developing metabolic syndrome, which is a group of conditions that include high blood pressure, increased stomach fat, high degrees of unhealthy fats and low degrees of healthy and balanced fats in the blood, and high blood sugar level levels. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome are more probable than women in the basic popluation to have mood disorders such as anxiety. PCOS is triggered by particular hormonal agents being out of equilibrium. The word syndrome indicates a group of symptoms. Women with PCOS may have no durations, uneven periods, or very lengthy durations. Women store their eggs in their ovaries. Each egg remains in a capsule called a follicle. Normally throughout the reproductive years, one hair follicle grows to generate a fully grown egg each month. This egg is launched during ovulation and the hair follicle dissolves. With PCOS, the hormonal agents that control ovulation are out of balance. Consequently, ovulation might not occur. Instead, the roots stays bigger. With time, the ovaries fill with many small cysts. This is why they are called "poly" or many "cystic" ovaries. In some women, the ovaries additionally make excessive androgen.

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