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Polygamy Relationship

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

There are many different types of relationships. Most people are familiar with monogamy, which is the practice of being married to or with one person at a time. Beyond monogamy, there are different types of relationships that people sometimes misidentify. Two other types of relationships that can be confusing for others are polyamory and polygamy. These two types of relationships do share some similarities in meaning. While some might see them as the same, there are distinct differences to note. When translate, Polyamory means many or several loves. It is described as a form of consensual non-monogamy. It involves people engaging in emotional, romantic, and sometimes sexual relationships with more than one person at a time. Sometimes it can include triads or quads which mean three or four people, respectively, engaging in relationships with one another. Most polyamorous relationships involve pairs of people and less group relations. Polyamory is not all about sexual intimacy and secrecy. It is important to note that it is also about emotional intimacy with more than one person at the same time. In polyamorous relationships, awareness and consent are provided by all involve. Greek translation means married to many spouses. It describes one person married to multiple people. In most cases, individual is only legal marry to one person, leaving them emotionally or spiritually married to other partners. Bigamy includes being legally married to more than one person, which is illegal in most parts of the world. There are other terms that fall under polygamy, which include polygyny and polyandry. Polygyny involves one man being married to more than one woman and polyandry involves one woman being married to more than one man. Under the umbrella of polygamy, polygyny is more commonly practice than polyandry. There are a couple of major distinctions between Polyamory and polygamy. The easiest distinction to make is the context of marriage. Polyamorous people can be married but that is not part of the definition. Polygamous relationships do involve marriage. These marriages can be encouragement from certain religious backgrounds. While less common in modern society, there are people who practice polygamy for religious reasons. Religious components are not typically part of polyamorous relationships. Other major distinctions involve sexuality and gender. The Umbrella term polygamy and terms that fall beneath it are typically referring to heterosexual people who fall under the gender binary. Polyamory appears to be more inclusive of gender and sexuality differences. Polygamy means one person having multiple partners, whereas polyamory can include multiple people having multiple partners. In general, Polyamory is open to different types of relationships amongst genders. Both polygamy and polyamory are less common forms of relationships and tend to be marginalized in society. While there are pockets of places around the world where these types of relationships are more common and even accept, these relationships are typically infrequent. Because these relationships are less common, it can be easy to be misinformed about them and even misidentify them.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Polygamy

Polygamy was once a widespread way of structuring family unit. References, particularly to men with multiple Wives, can be found in the Bible, Torah, Koran, and Rig Veda holy texts. Despite its presence in the Old Testament, most branches of Christianity do prohibit taking of more than one wife or husband. Notable exceptions to this rule are some adherents to Church of Latter Day Saints or Mormons. Some Fundamentalist Mormons continue practice despite the Church ending practice in 1890. Islamic doctrine States man may have a total of four wives but put restrictions on who those women can be and insist he must be able to provide for them all. Many Muslim majority countries allow practice, with Kuwait being the only one that imposes no restrictions. However, it is prohibited in the Islamic nations of Turkey, Tunisia, Albania, Kosovo and Central Asian countries.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Polyamory

Polyamory is nonpossessive, honest, responsible, and ethical philosophy and practice of loving multiple people simultaneously, according to Polyamory Society. Polyamory emphasizes consciously choosing how many partners one wishes to be involved with rather than accepting social norms which dictate loving only one person at a time. To Being polyamorous means having open, intimate or romantic relationships with more than one person at a time. People who are polyamorous can be heterosexual, lesbian, gay, or bisexual, and relationships between polyamorous people can include combinations of people of different sexual orientations. Unlike open relationships, polyamory is characterized by emotional as well as sexual or romantic intimacy between partners. In contrast to infidelity, adultery, or extramarital sex, Polyamory is consensual and disclosed to everyone involve. Sometimes polyamorous relationships are Hierarchical and sometimes they are equal. In a Hierarchical scenario, person may have primary as well as secondary partners: primary: primary partner is at the top of the Hierarchical structure; this person may be the person with whom you live, have kids with, or even marry. A primary partner is not necessary for polyamorous relationships. Secondary: Secondary partner may not be as intertwined in your life as primary partner; for example, you may not share housing or finances, but you may still be fully committed to each other. Defining aspects of polyamorous relationships over other nonmonogamous relationship types are consent and communication.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Background

Polygamy, which is defined as the practice of having more than one spouse, is common, and widespread, socially as well as culturally accepted phenomenon in many African countries. Experiences of women in polygamous marriages vary according to socio-cultural context. Historically, many factors are thought to have perpetuated polygamy, and these include higher mortality rates of men, satisfaction of sexual desires, and the need to have as many children as desire. Consequently, practice of Polygamy has been associated mainly with patriarchal social systems or societies in sub-Saharan Africa. However, there is limited research and literature on actual experiences of women in African polygamous families. Available evidence suggests that women in polygamous marriages generally experience varying degrees of emotional difficulties such as anger, jealousy, loneliness, unhappiness, emptiness and feeling of neglet. Some studies suggest that experiences and effects of polygamous relationships on women can be mediated by their socio-demographic background. Evidence shows that education, employment and place of residence are important determinants of being in polygamous marriages for women, and effect varies depending on context and setting. Polygamy may have negative effects and influences on women's reproductive health. These include barriers to conversations around family planning issues such as contraception use and child bearing. Moreover, women in polygamous marriages are at increased risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, and being subject to intimate partner violence. All these are attributed to gender-power differences in such relationships. Since women in polygamous relationships tend to have less power, they are more likely to suffer from sexual, emotional and psychological abuse. Consequently, Polygamy has been criticize. However, Polygamy continues to be practiced in much of Africa. In South Africa, Polygamy has a long history in some cultures, and males with both Middle and low socio economic background practice contemporary Polygamy. However, there is limited data on Polygamy and its effect in South Africa. Unlike in other sub-Saharan countries, no nationwide survey has investigated polygamous relationships except for the 2002 National HIV prevalence, behavioural risks and mass media household survey. Give risks such relationships pose to women in particular, it is pertinent to investigate characteristics and behaviour of female counterparts within polygamous relationships. The aim of this study was to profile socio-demographic and behavioural characteristics associated with women in polygamous relationships using 2002 National survey data.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Results

Long of interest to anthropologists and sociologists, institution of polygamy has also come under study by economists seeking to explain poor development outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa. In some of these studies, practice of polygamy has been theorize to hinder economic growth by undermining human capital and wealth accumulation; meanwhile others show that weakening of altruism in polygamous households leads to more efficient production. These studies suggest that distinct features of polygamous householdsor features strongly correlate with polygamyplay important role in macroeconomic success through their effects on individual wellbeing. The association between polygamy and poor welfare outcomes is of particular importance given how widespread polygamy is in Sub-Saharan Africa: roughly 25 % of married women in Sub-Saharan Africa are in polygamous marriages, and about the same fraction of children under 14 have been born to polygamous mothers. Footnote 1 Accordingly, it is likely that in many regions, children may be exposed to adverse conditions associated with membership in polygamous households. How does this in turn affect their chances of survival? In this paper, we analyze the correlation between polygamy Footnote 2 and child mortality in both historical dataset and modern one. Our historic data was originally collected in 1911 by anthropologist Northcote Thomas, in three Igbo villages in southeastern Nigeria. We have recovered these from the archive and digitized them. Using household rosters that Thomas compile, we correlate fraction of household heads children who have died with his number of wives, and assess the sensitivity of this correlation to controlling for variety of location and extended family fix effects, for past fertility, and for composition of household. Adding historical data to literature on polygamy and child health allows us to make two contributions that are not available to many studies that employ modern data. First, we are able to assess the correlation between polygamy and child mortality in a setting where many of variables that confound links between child mortality and polygamy in present, such as Christian religious beliefs or attitudes toward modern medicine, are far less pronounced. In so doing, and in the spirit of Deaton and Deaton and Cartwright, our approach takes account of how institutional and historical context may matter to relationships under study. Second, historical data classifies households into Sub-village quarters and into families, allowing us to assess the strength of correlation comparing households within these broader networks. Additionally, to our knowledge, ours is the first study to quantitatively test for relationship between polygamy and child mortality in historical data. In order to validate our historical findings on Igbo, and to examine changes in association between polygamy and child mortality over time in this setting, we performed similar exercise using Igbo Sub-sample of most recent Demographic and Health Survey data from Nigeria. We correlate mortality of individual children with whether their mothers are polygamous, and assess the sensitivity of this correlation to a wide set of controls.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Discussion

This analysis profile factors associated with self-report polygamy among women using data from the 2002 nationally representative household survey. The relatively high prevalence of women reporting polygamous marriage in Mpumalanga province followed by Limpopo and KwaZulu-Natal provinces probably reflect the cultural contexts in these provinces. For example, practise of polygamy is predominant among Shangaan, Swati and Zulu tribes in South Africa, which are found in these provinces. The findings show that women's lack of education and lack of economic empowerment play predominant roles in polygamous relationships. Elsewhere in Africa, evidence shows that involvement in polygamous marriage declines with an increase in women's education from secondary to higher level. This has been attributed to the fact that women who are more educated are more likely to be economically independent and more likely to have power in relationships and hence are less likely to be in polygamous marriages. Findings also reveal that women in polygamous marriages were more likely to reside in financially vulnerable households with less money for food and short on many other things. This probably reflects the economic context of polygamy for study population, which invariably transfers a heavy economic burden to families of polygamous marriages where limited resources need to be stretch. Evidence shows that regardless of cultural differences, the practice of polygamy impacts women's livelihood in complex ways, rendering them socially, economically and psychologically vulnerable. Additionally, findings reveal that women in polygamous marriages have older partners. This is in line with evidence which suggests that mostly older males engage in polygamy rather than younger men. Generally, this confirms observed patterns in most African communities where girls become brides shortly after puberty, while men get married at a more advanced age. Typically, in polygamous marriages, men often seek younger wives to satisfy their sexual needs. This perception is socially constructed around the assumption of mens biologically determine greater sexual needs, which require them to have several and often younger female partners to satisfy those needs. Findings also show that women in polygamous relationships were more likely to have multiple sexual partners. It has been suggested that women in polygamous relationships often have clandestine affairs with other men. This may be associated with psychological stress due to lack of marital partner commitment and / or partner attachment and sexual satisfaction. The main point is that women in such relationships are often unhappy with their marriage life but are limited by the social and economic conditions in which they find themselves. For these reasons, women are more likely to find ways to manoeuvre and strive for wellbeing within the confines of unhappy marriage.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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