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Raymond Souster

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Last Updated: 18 January 2022

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Raymond Souster

BornRaymond Holmes Souster ( 1921-01-15 ) January 15, 1921 Toronto , Ontario , Canada
DiedOctober 19, 2012 (2012-10-19) (aged 91)
OccupationBank Vault Custodian
LanguageEnglish
NationalityCanadian
Alma materUniversity of Toronto Schools , Humberside Collegiate Institute
Genrepoetry
Notable worksThe Colour of the Times
Notable awardsGovernor General's Award, Order of Canada
SpouseRosalia Souster

Canadian Poet And Editor, Souster, Is Poet Of Toronto And Celebrates That City And Its People In Unsophisticated, Epigrammatic Verse. There is compassionate tone in much of Souster's poetry, and his focus is often on social concerns: despair of underprivileged and problems with political systems and urban society. His work bear influence of Imagist school of Poetry, particularly work of William Carlos Williams. Souster has also written two novels under pseudonyms of John Holmes and Raymond Holmes. Permanent Ground Of Souster's Poetry Is Human Deprivation And Loss. Unlike other Poets who find their dream of happiness and fulfilment in future, or even in present, he looks backward to past. Happiness is lost but recover joy; and all are groping for something lose they will never find / in drab of street, in dirt, in smoke, in noise. Imagery of youth usually conveys this meaning of loss in Souster's Poetry, as in Young Girls, where it is also image of sexual promise; or in poems remembering boyhood. Some of most moving and beautiful poems turn on this theme. Is often achieves reward of Souster's patient realistic vision, so that retrospective nostalgia is only more defeated direction in idealism that end in measure and acceptance. Sense Of Loss And Deprivation, Erosion Of Time, Cruel Impersonality And Brutality Of City Are Nevertheless Groundwork Of These Poems. Nor is it private and personal condition limited to poet. Bulk Of Souster's Poetry Deals With Other Peoplethe, People Of Cityand, These Are Truly Observed, Not Faceless Democratic Symbols As For Example In Carl Sandburg. They are actual individuals; their pain is real, and their waste bitter years are as their deaths and entrances. Personal predicament is projected outward in this human landscape, and at same time, truth about general life is reveal. Souster's verdict on modern is not very cheerful. Whether there is truth in picture of waste, vanity, frustration, poverty and desperation, we should allow reader to judge. Poetry is not sociological survey filled with ideological jargon, nor is it political language about power or prestige or money; Souster's depiction of modern life is humble, human, and close to satisfactions and discomforts of average man. He shows people in their intimate real moments despair, love, and pleasure. And first of these is ground-tone of his canvas of life. Images of escape, liberation, total self-realization on plane of pure fantasy, will be found in Souster's Poetry. These are important, but they should not distract us from main direction of his development. Souster never takes risk of total abandon, he merely observes and participates by observation, in wishful fantasy. To accept limitations of actuality, is Souster's primary road of poetic development.

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* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Life

Born in Toronto, Ontario, Souster lived entire life in that city. He joined CANADIAN IMPERIAL BANK OF COMMERCE in 1939 and worked there until retiring in 1985. Souster's first published poem appeared in First Statement, little magazine founded by John SUTHERLAND in in 1942. In 1943, while still in Air Force, Souster and 2 friends launched their own little poetry magazine, Direction. In 1944 he placed 21 poems in anthology Unit OF Five, alongside Poetry by Louis DUDEK, Ronald Hambleton, PK Page, and James Wreford. With DUDEK and Irving LAYTON, Souster CONTACT magazine and CONTACT Press in 1952. Magazine Lasted Only Until 1954, But CONTACT Press Put Out Books Until 1967. Its initial book was Cerberus, anthology OF Poetry by trio. All 3 would be prolific writers on CONTACT Press over next decade. In 1956, CONTACT Press published Souster's select poems, edited by DUDEK, brought Souster his earliest serious critical attention. In 1956, Souster brought out under CONTACT Press imprint small booklet, Experiment 1923-29, OF modernist Poetry that CANADIAN poet WWE Ross had written in 1920s, which saved Ross's work from obscurity. Souster also helps new writers. He edited two anthologies for CONTACT, POETS 56 in 1956, and Wave CANADA: New Explosion in Poetry in 1966. Souster brings several Young POETS to CONTACT Press, and gives important boost to New Poetry with New Wave CANADA. Young POETS include Margaret ATWOOD, whose earliest Book with CONTACT, Circle Game, would win GOVERNOR General's AWARD in 1966. Michael ONDAATJE has written OF Souster: he brings many OF us to surface and we owe him everything. Souster was OF LEAGUE OF CANADIAN POETS in 1966, and its earliest president, from 1967 to 1972. Early 1960s Were Prolific And Distinguished Period For Souster, Culminating In His Own GOVERNOR General's AWARD Win In 1964 For His Collected Poems, Colour OF Times. In late 1960s he embarked on revision of his early poetry with view to its reissue, project that resulted in select poems in 1972, and first four volumes of now ten-volume collected Poems in 1980. Souster has also written fiction under pseudonyms OF Raymond Holmes and John Holmes, for which has drawn on his Air Force experience.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Writing

Souster is of his birth city. Robert Fulford writes that many of us think of him first as poet-in-chief of Toronto. City comes to life only after writers have invented it, and Souster has been among Toronto's inventors, adding layer of poetic reality to abstractions of asphalt, glass, and brick. His Toronto poems work like photographs Henri Cartier-Bresson tradition, inscribing small pieces of space and time on memory, catching moment as it fly. Souster was Canadian poet of his generation most overtly interested in, and influenced by, contemporary American scene. He was first attracted to Henry Miller, and later entered into lasting friendships correspondence with Robert Creeley and Cid Corman.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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