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Rectal Adenocarcinoma

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Last Updated: 18 January 2022

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General | Latest Info

In United States, colorectal cancer is one of leading causes of deaths due to cancer. Early diagnosis can often lead to complete cure. Almost all colon cancers start in lining of colon and rectum. When doctors talk about colorectal cancer, this is usually what they talking about. There is single cause of colon Cancer. Nearly all colon cancers begin as noncancerous which slowly develop into cancer. You Have higher risk of colon Cancer if you: are older than 50, are African American or of eastern European descent, eat lot of red or processed meats, have colorectal polyps, Have Inflammatory bowel disease, have family history of colon Cancer. Some inherited diseases also increase risk of developing colon Cancer. One of most common is called Lynch syndrome. What you eat may play role in getting colon cancer. Colon Cancer may be linked to high - fat, low - fiber diet and to high intake of red meat. Some studies have found that risk does not drop if you switch to high - fiber diet, so this link is not yet clear. Smoking cigarettes drinking alcohol are other Risk Factors for colorectal Cancer. Through screening tests, colon cancer can be before symptoms develop. This is when is most curable. Your doctor will perform physical exam and press on your belly area. Physical exams rarely show any problems, although doctor may feel lump in abdomen. Rectal exam may reveal mass in people rectal cancer, but not colon cancer. Fecal occult blood may detect small amounts of blood on stool. This may suggest colon cancer. Sigmoidoscopy, Or More Likely, Colonoscopy, Will Be Done To Evaluate Cause Of Blood In Your Stool. Only full colonoscopy can see entire colon. This is best screening test for colon cancer. Blood tests may be done for those diagnosed with colorectal Cancer, including: complete blood count to check anemia liver function tests. If you are diagnosed with colorectal Cancer, more tests will done to see if cancer has spread. This is called staging. Ct or MRI scans of abdomen, pelvic area, or chest may be used for Stage Cancer. Sometimes, PET scans are also used in Stage 0: Very early Cancer on innermost layer of intestine. Stage I: Cancer is in inner layers of colon. Stage II: Cancer has spread through muscle wall of colon. Stage III: Cancer has spread lymph nodes. Stage IV: Cancer has spread to other organs outside colon blood tests to detect tumor markers, such as carcinoembryonic antigen help doctor follow you during and after treatment. Treatment depends on many things, including stage of cancer.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Overview

Rectal Cancer begins when healthy cells in rectum develop changes in their DNA. Cell's DNA Contains Instructions That Tell Cell What To Do. Changes tell cells to uncontrollably and to continue living after healthy cells die. Accumulating cells can form Tumor. With time, cancer cells grow to invade and destroy healthy tissue nearby. And cancerous cells can break away and travel to other parts of body. For most rectal cancers, not clear what causes mutations that cause cancer to form. In some families, gene mutations passed from parents to children increase risk of Colorectal Cancer. These mutations are involved in only small percentage of rectal cancers. Some Genes linked to Colorectal Cancer increase risk of developing disease, but they don't make it inevitable. Lynch Syndrome. Lynch Syndrome, also know as hereditary nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer, increases risk of Colon Cancer and other cancers. People with Lynch tend to develop Colon Cancer before age 50. Familial Adenomatous Polyposis. Fap is rare disorder that causes thousands of polyps in lining of your colon and rectum. People with untreated FAP have significantly increased risk of developing Colon or Rectal Cancer before age 40. Genetic Testing can detect these and other, rarer Colorectal Cancer syndromes. If you are concerned about your family history of Colon Cancer, talk to your doctor about whether your family history suggests you have risk of these conditions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Symptoms

Colorectal Cancer often does not have symptoms in early stages. Most colorectal cancers begin as polyps, small non - cancerous growths on colon wall that can grow larger and become cancerous. As polyps or cancers grow, they can bleed block intestines. Rectal bleeding Blood on stool or toilet after bowel movement Diarrhea constipation that does not go away Change in normal bowel habits, such as size, shape and frequency Discomfort or urge to have bowel movement when there is no need Abdominal pain or cramping pain in your lower stomach Bloating or full feeling Change in appetite Weight loss without dieting Fatigue these symptoms usually do not mean you have Colorectal Cancer. But, any time you notice unexplained changes they persist for more than two weeks, do assume they will just go away.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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