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Science Mission Directorate

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Last Updated: 18 January 2022

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Drifting With Broken Sea Ice | Science Mission Directorate "Drifting With Broken Sea Ice | Science Mission Directorate", by NASA Science Mission Directorate, licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0

Nasa Science Mission Directorate sponsors, develops, and conducts research in and from Space in disciplines of Earth and applications, Heliophysics, scientific exploration of planets and other Solar System bodies, and astronomy and Astrophysics. Nasa strategic Plan 1 provides following set of strategic objectives for SMD: study Earth from Space to advance scientific understanding and meet societal needs. Understand Sun and its effects on Earth and Solar System. Advance scientific knowledge of origin and history of Solar System, potential for life elsewhere, and hazards and resources present as humans explore Space. Discover origin, structure, evolution, and destiny of universe, and search for Earth - like planets. Smd advances these by developing and operating spaceflight missions conducted primarily from spacecraft operating in Earth orbit; in interplanetary space; and in orbit around, or on surfaces of, other Solar System bodies. These spacecraft missions managed within SMD by four Science divisionsone, for each of four Science discipline areas noted above. Important complementary activities carried out in addition are Mission - Enabling or directly address SMD strategic goals in other ways. As emphasized in NASA Science Plan: long - term outcomes are Science base, not Mission base; thus suborbital and Research and Analysis programs part of discussionit. Is not simply matter of weighing Mission in one area against Mission in another. 2 Committee on Role and Scope of Mission - Enabling Activities in NASA Space and Earth Science Missions defines Mission - Enabling Activities as following: Research projects and special Research facilities; Development of advanced sensors, Research instruments, and spaceflight Mission System technologies; General Data Analysis; and Earth Science applications. Committee Characterizes Mission - Enabling Activities As Ensemble Of Non - Spaceflight - Mission - Specific Programs That Create Scientific And Technological Expertise And Associated Infrastructure Necessary To Define, Execute, And Benefit From Spaceflight Missions. In some cases, these activities can lead directly to scientific accomplishments that advance strategic goals of NASA without being linked to spaceflight Mission. This infrastructure includes knowledge base that allows NASA and scientific community to explore new frontiers in research and to identify, define, and design cost - effective Space and Earth Science Missions required to address strategic goals of Agency; wide range of technologies that enable NASA and scientific Community to equip and conduct spaceflight Missions to pursue agencys scientific goals; and robust, experienced technical workforce to Plan, develop, conduct, and utilize scientific Missions. Other essential elements of SMDs Space and Earth Science programs that do not fall within committee definition of Mission - enablingand that Committee has not included in its examination of Mission - Enabling activitiesare as follow: spaceflight Mission Science Team Activities, Post - launch spaceflight Mission Operations and Data Analysis, Mission - specific technology Development, Guest - observer programs and participating scientist programs For spaceflight Missions, education and public outreach, and Space and ground communications systems.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Leadership

Contextual information and definitions. Specific areas where and other issues of Readability and Clarity were concerned are called out in subsequent sections of this report. Interpreting draft document as statement of leadership priorities and Guiding Principles that NASA SMD will employ in implementing its Mission, instead of focus areas and strategies in draft, can directly benefit SMD enterprise by providing powerful tool for communication with internal and external stakeholders. How Guiding Principles are relevant fulfilling Decadal Survey Objectives. Most puzzling is omission of any mention of 2018 Decadal Survey of Earth Science and applications from Space. These discrepancies are exemplified most strongly by disconnect between description of Guiding Principles and leadership priorities and subsequent summaries of activities of SMDs four Divisions. In addition, although Guiding Principles spell out role of Technology, key role of foundational Science is not well articulate.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Welcome!

Congress has approved NASA's proposal to move responsibility for Biological and Physical Sciences Research into Science Mission Directorate. That field of research has bounced around within NASA over decades and most recently was part of Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate. Thomas Zurbuchen, Associate Administrator for SMD, tweeted news this afternoon. He revealed upcoming transfer at Wednesday's meeting of Space Studies Board of National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Slpsra is Space Life and Physical Sciences Research and Applications division of HEOMD, which has been managing both fundamental and applied research. Its three Mission areas are Human Research Program, Space Biology Program and Physical Science Program. Hrp is apply Research Associate with astronaut health and and will remain in HEOMD. Other Two Are Fundamental Research And Are Moving To SMD. Nasa Spokesperson Told Spacepolicyonline. Com that new division will be created in SMD to Zurbuchen and headed by Craig Kundrot, who has been head of SLPSRA. Ssb has Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space and oversees Decadal Survey for that Research discipline. First Such Decadal Survey, Recapturing Future For Space Exploration: Life And Physical Sciences For New Era, Was Published In 2011. Decadal Surveys are produced every 10 years for each of NASA's Science disciplines committees of volunteers from relevant Science Community meeting under auspices of Academies. They identify and prioritize key scientific questions in field that need be answered through research and programs. Mid - term reviews are conducted at 5 - year mark to assess how NASA is implementing recommendations. Mid - Term Review For This Decadal Survey Was Published In 2017. Nasa and Academies are gearing up for next Biological and Physical Sciences Decadal Survey right now. Mits Dava Newman, co - chair of CBPSS and former Deputy Administrator of NASA, told SSB on Wednesday that Statement of Task for New study was approved in March, but now must go through approval process again because of transfer to SMD. Hence, it will not until this fall. Newman compared organizational history of Space Life and Physical Sciences Research to pendulum on 10 - 15 year cycle, sometimes more closely affiliated with Science and other times with human spaceflight. Originally, it was part of NASA's Office Space Science and Applications, SMDs predecessor. But as 2011 Decadal Survey explain, by 1992, NASA senior management came to view it as supportive of, and subordinate to human spaceflight and it then moved to Space Operations rather than being equal partner with NASA's other Science programs. As International Space Station moved closer to construction at end of 1990s, however, utilization of its research facilities took on more importance. Nasa created Office of Biological and Physical Research in 2000 as fifth strategic enterprise on par with Science and Space Operations. That does not long, however.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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