Septo-optic Dysplasia

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 05 May 2022
medpix case - septo-optic dysplasia "medpix case - septo-optic dysplasia", by Original Source: Walter Reed Army Medical Center; Author: Robert J Krause (Uniformed Services University); Approved By: Steven J Goldstein (University of Kentucky);. The optic chiasm is asymmetric and the septum pellucidum is absent....

Septo-optic dysplasia is a disorder of very early brain growth. The first major feature, optic nerve hypoplasia, is the underdevelopment of the optic nerves, which lug visual information from the eyes to the brain. In affected individuals, the optic nerves are extraordinarily small and make fewer connections than normal between the eyes and the brain. Because of this, people with optic nerve hypoplasia have impaired vision in one or both eyes. Optic nerve hypoplasia can be linked with uncommon side-to-side eye activities and other eye abnormalities. The 2nd characteristic feature of septo-optic dysplasia is the abnormal development of frameworks separating the right and left halves of the brain. In the early stages of brain development, these frameworks might form extraordinarily or fall short to develop in all. Relying on which structures are affected, abnormal brain development can lead to intellectual impairment and other neurological issues. The pituitary is a gland at the base of the brain that creates a number of hormonal agents. Most frequently, pituitary hypoplasia causes growth hormonal agent shortage, which results in slow development and abnormally brief stature. The symptoms and signs of septo-optic dysplasia can differ substantially. Some scientists recommend that septo-optic dysplasia should be considered a group of related problems instead of a single disorder. About one-third of people detected with septo-optic dysplasia have all 3 significant features; most affected people have 2 of the major features.

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