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Siege of Najaf (1918)

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 04 February 2022

The Siege of Najaf was an interaction in between the British Army and Iraqi rebels in the city of Najaf during the First World War. All sources concur that the British captured Najaf in 1917, however disagree on the information: According to Abbas Kadhim, Najaf's independence finished in July 1917 when the British appointed captain Francis Balfour as political officer for Shamiyya and Najaf. According to British government files, British rule started in August 1917 when Hamid Khan was designated as the first government agent. Yasin al-Hashimi, birthed Yasin Hilmi Salman, was an Iraqi political leader who two times functioned as the head of state.

The 1991 Iraqi uprisings were ethnic and spiritual uprisings in Iraq led by Shi'ites and Kurds against Saddam Hussein. 1935 Rumaytha and Diwaniyya rebellion or the 1935-1936 Iraqi Shia rebellions included a collection of Shia tribal uprisings in the mid-Euphrates region versus the Sunni controlled authority of the Kingdom of Iraq. The Hananu Revolt was a revolt versus French army forces in north Syria, mainly concentrated on the western countryside of Aleppo, in 1920-1921.

The Naqib al-Ashraf revolt was a popular uprising in Jerusalem against the Ottoman authorities between May 1703 and October 1705. In 1918, as it came to be clear that the British were intending to occupy as opposed to liberate Iraq, an anti-British motion called Jam'iya al-Nahda al-Islamiya was formed in Najaf to oppose British policy.

The city has been renowned as a center of scholarship and Shiite religious authority and has been home to many renowned spiritual scholars over the past thousand years, at times, measuring up to Qom as a center of Shiite scholarship. Most chroniclers of Najaf agree that Tusi was the founder of the first seminary in Najaf, which led to the prestige of Najaf in the Islamic globe. Najaf was very valued by the Safavids and when Shah Abbas I constructed the Ali Qapu Palace in Isfahan, he used rocks from Ali's former shrine to create the threshold of the palace for true blessings. Shah Tahmasp I referred to Imam Ali as the King of Najaf, and to himself as the slave of Ali. With the charitable patronage of both Shiite Indians and Qajar rulers, the scenario in Najaf enhanced over the 19th century, trip got again, and Najaf became a significant city on the global level.

As Najaf came to be a steady city and grew in wide range and track record, many Persian pilgrims would check out the Persian and iraqi temple cities before or after their Hajj trip.

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