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Signs Of Liver Damage In Humans

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Last Updated: 18 January 2022

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Liver Disease is any disturbance of liver that causes illness. Liver Is Responsible For Many Critical Functions Within Body And Should It Become Diseased Or Injured, Loss Of Those Functions Can Cause Significant Damage To Body. Liver disease also referred to as hepatic Disease. Liver Disease is broad term that covers all potential problems that cause liver to fail to perform its designated functions. Usually, more than 75 percentage or three quarters of liver tissue needs to be affected before decrease in function occurs. Liver Is Largest Solid Organ In Body; And Is Also Considered Gland Because, Among Its Many Functions, It Makes And Secretes Bile. Liver Is Located In Upper Right Portion Of Abdomen Protected By Rib Cage. It has two main lobes that made up of tiny lobules. Liver cells have two different sources blood supply. Hepatic Artery Supplies Oxygen Rich Blood That Is Pumped From Heart, While Portal Vein Supplies Nutrients From Intestine And Spleen. Normally, veins return blood from body to heart, but portal veins allow nutrients and chemicals from digestive tract to enter liver for processing and filtering prior to entering general circulation. Portal vein also efficiently deliver chemicals and proteins that liver cells need to produce cholesterol, and glycogen required for normal body activities. As part of its function, liver makes bile, fluid that contains, among other water, chemicals, and bile acids. Bile is stored in gallbladder and when food enters duodenum, bile is secreted into duodenum, to aid in digestion of food. Liver Is Only Organ In Body That Can Easily Replace Damaged Cells, But If Enough Cells Are Lose, Liver May Not Be Able To Meet Needs Of Body. Liver can be considered factory; and among its many functions include: production of bile that is required in digestion of food, in particular fats Storing of extra glucose or sugar as glycogen, and then converting it back into glucose when body needs it for energy. Production of blood clotting factors Production of amino acids, including those use to help fight infection processing and storage of iron necessary for red blood cell Production manufacture of cholesterol and other chemicals require for fat transport conversion of waste products of body metabolism into urea that is excrete in urine Metabolizing medications their active ingredient in body cirrhosis is term that describe permanent scarring of Liver. In cirrhosis, normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue that perform any liver function. Acute Liver failure may or may not be reversible, meaning that on occasion, there is treatable cause and liver may be able to recover and resume its normal functions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

1. Fluid retention

42-year-old Man Complaining Of Abdominal And Lower Extremity Swelling Was Presented For Evaluation. Patient Was Previously Healthy Until 2 Months Ago When He Noticed Swelling In His Abdomen And Both Legs. He went to see his primary care and was given furosemide. His symptoms initially improve but recur when his runs out 2 weeks prior to admission. He rapidly 30 pounds of fluid. Review of systems otherwise negative. Specifically, there was no history of fever; night sweats; abdominal pain; nausea; vomiting; jaundice; or prior disease liver, kidneys, heart, or gastrointestinal tract. He had had no hospitalizations, operations, or medications. He does not use alcohol, health supplements, or illegal substances. He was born and raised in Mexico but moved to United States 1 year ago. He is construction worker without know toxic exposures. He is married with 3 children has had 1 sexual partner. There is no family of liver disease or cancer. Physical examination revealed comfortable man with obvious Ascites and lower extremity edema. Vital signs were normal. There was bitemporal and other signs of muscle mass loss. There was jaundice or scleral icterus. There were no stigmata of chronic Liver including spider angiomata, palmar erythema, enlarge parotids, or gynecomastia. Cardiovascular and examinations were normal. Abdomen Was Grossly Distended With Bulging Flanks, Fluid Wave, And Shifting Dullness. There was no tenderness. Liver Was Palpable 6 Cm Below Right Costal Margin. It was but not pulsatile. Liver span 15 cm by percussion. Spleen was not palpable. Pitting edema was present in both legs up to thighs. Hemoglobin: 13. 1 g dL Mean corpuscular volume: 90 White blood cell count: 8400 cells / mcL Platelets: 851 000 cells / mcL International normalized ratio: 0. 9 Total bilirubin: 0. 2 mg dL Alkaline phosphatase: 1804 U / L Gamma glutamyltransferase: 1486 U / L Aspartate aminotransferase: 70 U / dL Alanine aminotransferase: 51 U / L Total protein: 5. 3 g / Albumin: 0. 6 g / dL Urea: mg / dL Creatinine: 1. 9 mg / dL 4 + proteinuria by dipstick Urinary protein to Creatinine 21 24-hour urine protein: 17 g Hepatitis serologies: negative Antinuclear antibody and antimitochondrial antibody: negative Erythrocyte sedimentation ratio: 111 mm / min

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

3. Bleeding

Your liver typically cycles 25 percentage of your blood from portal vein. But cirrhosis creates opportunity for bleeding. You may vomit or notice blood on your stools or rectal bleeding. Usually, flow through liver is like driving through high-speed highway. It is quite rapid. But, when you have cirrhosis, that highway, because of scarring, becomes bumpy road or big traffic jam, HE say. Consequently, blood tries find detours. Those detours send blood to your spleen which enlarges as it tries relieve congestion. Varicose veins may develop in your esophagus and and these enlarged veins can also easily bleed. Healthy Liver Produces Clotting Proteins. But, sick liver and more bleeding results. Enlarge spleen platelets from your bloodstream. Low platelet count makes you more to nosebleeds and bleeding gums. Treatment options: If youre vomiting blood, go to emergency room immediately. Doctors will evaluate and stop your bleeding using upper endoscopy, Dr. Romero-Marrero say. If bleeding is severe, they may implant stent to connect veins running in and out of your liver and create new pathway for blood, HE say.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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