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Substance Use Disorders

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

The exact cause of substance use disorder is not know. A person's genes, action of drugs, peer pressure, emotional distress, anxiety, depression, and environmental stress can all be factors. Many who develop substance use problems have depression, attention deficit disorder, post - traumatic stress disorder, or another mental problem. Stressful or chaotic lifestyles and low self - esteem are also common. Children who grow up seeing their parents using drugs may have a high risk of developing substance use problems later in life for both environmental and genetic reasons. Opiates and other narcotics are powerful painkillers that can cause drowsiness, and sometimes intense feelings of well - being, elation, happiness, excitement, and joy. These include heroin, opium, codeine, and narcotic pain medicines that may be prescribed by doctor or bought illegally. Stimulants are drugs that stimulate the brain and nervous system. They include cocaine and amphetamines, such as drugs used to treat ADHD. People can start needing higher amounts of these drugs over time to feel the same effect. Depressants cause drowsiness and reduce anxiety. They include alcohol, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, chloral hydrate, and paraldehyde. Using these substances can lead to addiction. Lsd, mescaline, psilocybin, and phencyclidine can cause person to see things that are not there and can lead to psychological addiction. Marijuana. There are several stages of drug use that may lead to addiction. Young people seem to move more quickly through stages than do adults. Stages are: experimental Use - Typically involves peers, do for recreational use; users may enjoy defying parents or other authority figures. Regular Use - user misses more and more school or work; worries about losing drug source; Uses drugs to fix negative feelings; begins to stay away from friends and family; may change friends to those who are regular users; shows increased tolerance and ability to handle Drug. Problem or risky Use - user loses any motivation; does not care about school and work; has obvious behavior changes; thinking about drug use is more important than all other interests, including relationships; user becomes secretive; may begin dealing drugs to help support habit; use of other, harder drugs may increase; Legal problems may increase. Addiction - Cannot face daily life without drugs; deny problem;s physical condition get worse; loss of control over use; may become suicidal; financial and legal problems get worse; may have break ties with family members or friends. Substance use disorder is a serious condition and not easy to treat. Best care and treatment involves training professionals. Treatment begins with recognizing the problem. Though denial is a common symptom of addiction, people who are addicted have far less denial if they are treated with empathy and respect, rather than told what to do or being confront. Substances may either be slowly withdrawn or stop abruptly. Support for physical and emotional symptoms, as well as staying drug free, are also key to treatment. People with drug overdoses may need emergency treatment in hospital. Exact treatment depends on drug use.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Criteria for Substance Use Disorders

Substance use Disorders span a wide variety of problems arising from substance use, and cover 11 different criteria: taking substances in larger amounts or for longer than you re meant to. Wanting to cut down or stop using substances but not managing to. Spending a lot of time getting, using, or recovering from use of Substance. Cravings and urges to use substance. Not managing to do what you should at work, home, or school because of substance use. Continuing to use, it even when it causes problems in relationships. Giving up important social, occupational, or recreational activities because of substance use. Using substances again and again, even when it puts you in danger. Continuing to use, even when you know you have physical or psychological problem that could have been caused or made worse by substance. Needing more substance to get the effect you want. Development of withdrawal symptoms, which can be relieved by taking more substance.Sssss

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Symptoms

Because many combinations of dual diagnosis can occur, symptoms vary widely. Mental health clinics are starting to use alcohol and drug screening tools to identify people at risk. Symptoms of substance use disorder may include: withdrawal from friends and family Sudden Changes in Behavior Engaging in risky behaviors Developing high tolerance and withdrawal symptoms Feeling like you need Drug to be able to function symptoms of mental health condition can also vary greatly. Warning signs, such as extreme mood changes, confused thinking or problems concentrating, avoiding friends and social activities and thoughts of suicide, may be reasons to seek help.


What Is Addiction?

The first step on the road to recovery is recognition of the problem. The recovery process can be hindered when people deny having problem and lack understanding about substance misuse and addiction. Intervention of concerned friends and family often prompts treatment. Health professionals can conduct formal assessment of symptoms to see if substance use disorder exists. Even if the problem seems severe, most people with substance use disorder can benefit from treatment. Unfortunately, many people who could benefit from treatment do n't receive help. Because addiction affects many aspects of a person's life, multiple types of treatment are often require. For most, combination of medication and individual or group therapy is most effective. Treatment approach that addresses individuals ' situation and any co - occurring medical, psychiatric and social problems can lead to sustained recovery. Medications are used to control drug cravings and relieve severe symptoms of withdrawal. Therapy can help addicted individuals understand their behavior and motivations, develop higher self - esteem, cope with stress and address other mental health problems. Treatment may also include: hospitalization, Therapeutic communities or sober houses Outpatient programs Many people find self - help groups for individuals as well as their family members useful.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Treatment

The chronic nature of addiction means that relapsing to drug use is not only possible but also likely. Relapse rates are similar to those for other well - characterized chronic medical illnesses such as hypertension and asthma, which also have both physiological and behavioral components. Relapse is a return to drug use after attempt to stop. Treatment of chronic diseases involves changing deeply imbedded behaviors. Lapses in drug use indicate that treatment needs to be reinstated or adjust, or that alternate treatment is needed. No single treatment is right for everyone, and treatment providers must choose an optimal treatment plan in consultation with individual patients and should consider patients ' unique history and circumstance.Ssss


What is drug addiction?

Modify their attitudes and behaviors related to drug use increases healthy life skills persist with other forms of treatment, such as medication, Patients can receive treatment in many different settings with various approaches. Outpatient behavioral treatment includes a wide variety of programs for patients who visit behavioral health counselor on a regular schedule. Most programs involve individual or group drug counseling, or both. These programs typically offer forms of behavioral therapy such as: cognitive - behavioral therapy, which helps patients recognize, avoid, and cope with situations in which they are most likely to use drugs multidimensional family therapy developed for adolescents with drug abuse problems as well as their family addresses range of influences on their drug abuse patterns and is design to improve overall family functioning motivational interviewing, which make most of people's readiness to change their behavior and enter treatment motivational incentives, which use positive reinforcement to encourage abstinence from drugs treatment is sometimes intensive at first, where patients attend multiple outpatient sessions each week. After completing intensive treatment, patients transition to regular outpatient treatment, which meet less often and for fewer hours per week to help sustain their recovery. In September 2017, FDA permitted marketing of the first mobile application, reSET, to help treat substance use disorders. This application is intended to be used with outpatient treatment to treat alcohol, cocaine, marijuana, and stimulant substance use disorders. In December 2018, FDA cleared the mobile medical application, reSET, to help treat opioid use disorders. This application is prescription cognitive behavioral therapy and should be used in conjunction with treatment that includes buprenorphine and contingency management. Read more about reSET in this FDA News Release. Inpatient or residential treatment can also be very effective, especially for those with more severe problems. License residential treatment facilities offer 24 - hour structure and intensive care, including safe housing and medical attention. Residential treatment facilities may use a variety of therapeutic approaches, and they are generally aimed at helping patients live a drug - free, crime - free lifestyle after treatment. Examples of residential treatment settings include: Therapeutic Communities, which are highly structured programs in which patients remain in residence, typically for 6 to 12 months. The entire community, including treatment staff and those in recovery, act as key agents of change, influencing patients ' attitudes, understanding, and behaviors associated with drug use. Read more about Therapeutic Communities in the Therapeutic Communities Research Report. Shorter - term residential treatment, which typically focuses on detoxification as well as providing initial intensive counseling and preparation for treatment in a community - base setting. Recovery housing, which provides supervised, short - term housing for patients, often follows other types of inpatient or residential treatment. Recovery housing can help people make the transition to independent living, helping them learn how to manage finances or seek employment, as well as connecting them to support services in the community.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Overview

Drug Addiction, also called Substance Use Disorder, is a disease that affects a person's brain and behavior and leads to inability to control use of legal or illegal Drug or medication. Substances such as alcohol, marijuana and nicotine are also considered drugs. If you re addict, you may continue using drugs despite the harm they cause. Drug Addiction can start with experimental use of recreational Drug in social situations, and, for some people, drug use has become more frequent. For others, particularly with opioids, Drug Addiction begins with exposure to prescribed medications, or receiving medications from a friend or relative who has been prescribed medication. The risk of addiction and how fast you become addicted varies by drug. Some drugs, such as opioid painkillers, have higher risk and cause addiction more quickly than others. As time passes, you may need larger doses of drug to get high. Soon you may need drugs just to feel good. As your drug use increases, you may find that it's increasingly difficult to go without drug.S Attempts to stop drug use may cause intense cravings and make you feel physically ill. You may need help from your doctor, family, friends, support groups or organize treatment program to overcome your drug addiction and stay drug - free.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Risk factors

Table

Risk FactorsDomainProtective Factors
Early Aggressive BehaviorIndividualSelf-Control
Lack of Parental SupervisionFamilyParental Monitoring
Substance AbusePeerAcademic Competence
Drug AvailabilitySchoolAnti-drug Use Policies
PovertyCommunityStrong Neighborhood Attachment

Research over the past two decades has tried to determine how drug abuse began and how it progress. Many factors can add to persons risk of drug abuse. Risk factors can increase people's chances of drug abuse, while protective factors can reduce risk. Please note, however, that most individuals at risk for drug abuse do not start using drugs or become addicted. Also, risk factor for one person may not be for another. Risk and protective factors can affect children at different stages of their lives. At each stage, risks occur that can be changed through Prevention Intervention. Early childhood risks, such as aggressive behavior, can be changed or prevented with family, school, and community interventions that focus on helping children develop appropriate, positive behaviors. If not address, negative behaviors can lead to more risks, such as academic failure and social difficulties, which put children at further risk for later drug abuse. The table below describes how risk and protective factors affect people in five domains, or settings, where interventions can take place. Risk factors can influence drug abuse in several ways. The more risks a child is exposed to, more likely the child will abuse drugs. Some risk factors may be more powerful than others at certain stages in development, such as peer pressure during teenage years; just as some protective factors, such as strong parent - child bond, can have greater impact on reducing risks during early years. An important goal of prevention is to change the balance between risk and protective factors so that protective factors outweigh risk factors.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Complications

The traditional path to drug addiction problem might sound like this: First, person makes the choice to use drugs just once, just for fun. Next, people find that feelings of sickness appear when drugs are take. And finally, people feel both a physical and psychological need for drugs that take over almost every aspect of a person's life. That is a typical progression, but as Robin L. Hoover, RN, MSN, CADCi, Director of Nursing at American Addiction Centers, points out, addiction can be variable. But one thing that might motivate people to get care, or to stick with treatment plans once they start, involves health complications addiction can deliver. Health complications are among motivational factors, but certainly not necessarily the most convincing and rarely the sole rationale, Hoover cautions. Many other factors come in to play for most addicted people, such as legal, financial, relationship, child custody, job / professional, family pressure, loss of loved ones through drug use, loss of basic needs, and more. But in my experience, more mature addicts perceive health complications as worthy inspiration. That means it might behoove families to understand health complications associated with addiction, so they can provide loved ones with addictions reason to consider entering rehab. Should that addicted person agree to treatment, that information could help people to stick with care once it start.


Causes

One of the most notable and disturbing changes in behavior that can occur in a person who is using drugs is sudden or extreme violence. When this type of behavior is prompted by drugs, stimulants are most likely culprit. Some of the most recent, well - known instances of extreme behavior caused by stimulants have been behavior resulting from use of bath salts, type of psychoactive stimulant drug that create highs resembling high from cocaine or meth. Psychological and behavioral effects of these types of drugs include paranoia, agitation, panic attacks, and hallucinations, among other symptoms, which can result in a person becoming highly violent. Other drugs that have similar reaction include cocaine, meth, and even some prescription drugs used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Synthetic marijuana, also know as K2 or Spice, can also have profound effect on behavior and result in extremely violent outbursts.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

What is drug addiction?

Drug Use refers to any scope of use of illegal drugs: heroin use, cocaine use, tobacco use. Drug misuse is used to distinguish improper or unhealthy use from use of medication as prescribed or alcohol in moderation. These include repeated use of drugs to produce pleasure, alleviate stress, and / or alter or avoid reality. It also includes using prescription drugs in ways other than prescribed or using someone elses prescription. Addiction refers to substance use disorders at the severe end of the spectrum and is characterized by persons inability to control the impulse to use drugs even when there are negative consequences. These behavioral changes are also accompanied by changes in brain function, especially in brain natural inhibition and reward centers. Nidas use of the term addiction corresponds roughly to the DSM definition of substance use disorder. Dsm does not use the term addiction.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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