Rain, lots of it, Storms off the Pacific Ocean go down much of their moisture on these west-facing valleys. Rainfall in Olympic's tropical rain forest varies from 140 to 167 inches annually. Modest temperatures, In these low elevation valleys the temperature rarely goes down below freezing and summertime highs seldom exceed 80 F. Epiphytes, or plants expanding on other plants. Mosses, spike mosses, ferns and lichens festoon tree trunks and branches, giving the forest a "jungle-like" feel. Roosevelt elk, The thick, split canopy above moderates the temperature year-round for wild animals, consisting of the largest wild populations of Roosevelt elk in the U. S. On the forest floor, elk searching shapes the look of their forest home. Sitka spruce, Picea sitchensis Douglas-fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii Western hemlock, Tsuga heterophylla Western redcedar, Thuja plicata Bigleaf maple, Acer macrophyllum Vine maple, Acer circinatum Red alder, Alnus rubra Black cottonwood, Populus balsamifera For a contrast Tree ID with images of these common varieties, see the Hoh Rainforest Flora and Fauna area!
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