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The Loch

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The Loch

AuthorSteve Alten
CountryUnited States
Dewey Decimal813/.54 22
GenreScience fiction , Drama , Legal thriller mystery
ISBN0-9761659-0-2 (Hardback)
LC ClassPS3551.L764 L63 2005
LanguageEnglish scottish accent
Media typehardback & paperback
OCLC58676841
Pages496
Publication dateJuly 1, 2005
PublisherTsunami Books

The Loch Ness monster, byname Nessie, large marine creature believed by some people to inhabit Loch Ness, Scotland. However, much of the alleged evidence supporting its existence has been discredit, and it is widely thought that monster is a myth. Reports of monsters inhabiting Loch Ness date back to ancient times. Notably, local stone carvings by Pict depict a mysterious beast with flippers. First written account appear in biography of. Columba from 565 ad. According to that work, monster bit swimmer and was preparing to attack another man when Columba intervene, ordering the beast to go back. It obey, and over centuries only occasional sightings were report. Many of these alleged encounters seem inspired by Scottish folklore, which abounds with mythical water creatures. In 1933, the Loch Ness monsters legend began to grow. At time, road adjacent to Loch Ness was finish, offering an unobstructed view of the Lake. In April, a couple saw an enormous animalwhich they compared to a dragon or prehistoric monsterand after it crossed their car's path, it disappeared into the water. The incident was reported in Scottish newspaper, and numerous sightings follow. In December 1933, the Daily Mail commissioned Marmaduke Wetherell, big-game hunter, to locate the Sea serpent. Along lake shores, he finds large footprints that he believed belong to a very powerful soft-foot animal about 20 feet long. However, upon closer inspection, zoologists at the Natural History Museum determined that the tracks were identical and made with an umbrella stand or ashtray that had hippopotamus leg as base; Wetherells role in the hoax was unclear. News only seems to spur efforts to prove monsters ' existence. In 1934, English physician Robert Kenneth Wilson photographed an alleged creature. An iconic imageknown as surgeons photographappeared to show monsters with a small head and neck. The Daily Mail printed photograph, sparking an international sensation. Many speculate that creature was a plesiosaur, marine reptile that went extinct some 65. 5 million years ago. The Loch Ness Area attracts numerous monster hunters. Over the years, several sonar explorations were undertaken to locate the creature, but none were successful. In addition, numerous photographs allegedly show beast, but most were discredited as fakes or as depicting other animals or objects. Notably, in 1994 it was revealed that the Wilson photograph was hoax spearhead by revenge-seeking Wetherell; monster was actually a plastic-and-wooden head attached to a toy submarine. In 2018, researchers conducted a DNA survey of Loch Ness to determine what organisms live in the waters. No signs of plesiosaur or other such large animals were find, though results indicate the presence of numerous eels. This finding leaves open the possibility that the monster is an oversized eel. Despite the lack of conclusive evidence, Loch Ness monster remains popularand profitable. In the early 21st century, it was thought that it contributed nearly $80 million annually to the Scotland economy.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Plot summary

If you didnt figure out from the title that LOCH NESS was going to be one of those what-lie-beneath-surface mystery series, first image you see after the credits certainly leaves no doubt. It is a dead man floating vertically deep in murky water, feet bind and tied to weight that keeping him submerge. Yes, this alluring six-episode drama, which begins streaming in weekly installments on Monday on Acorn TV, takes full advantage of its title character and all the history and folklore associated with it. BUT dont expect starring role for Nessie. MONSTERs or monsters here are human. Tale IS set in a village in Scotland on LOCH NESS, place where, in Broadchurch tradition, everybody seems to know everybody BUT personal secrets abound. Some villagers are happy to exploit MONSTER LEGEND by giving boat tours and such, and so are pranksters: Early on, three waggish youths spread butcher-shop castoffs near water to resemble giant amphibious creatures carcass, drawing gawkers and even little news coverage. Attention, though, soon shifts from that seemingly harmless stunt, as the body OF the music teacher IS found at the base OF cliff. Local detective sergeant, Annie Redford, suspects that it IS not an accident or suicide, and an autopsy proves her right, in rather gruesome detail. Part OF prefrontal cortex IS missing, examiner told her. And, chief inspector add, it was removed via nasal cavity while the victim was still alive. Everyone IS still absorbing the implications OF that when human heart IS discovered among animal remains those young jokers use in their MONSTER-carcass gag. One OF those pranksters was Evie Redford, Annies daughter, which raises doubts about whether Annie can continue to work investigation. By way, if youre wondering why Americans should watch British crime series when there are plenty OF decent ones made in the United States, consider this line, say by investigator in reference to that heart, which had been nibbled on by a wild animal: Something had wee chewed at it. In any case, all that IS merely setting the stage for this mystery, which reaches into many corners of the village. As it do, OF course, idyllic appearance of this show IS gorgeous to look at, gives way to side plots of troubled couples, troubled teenagers, troubled personal histories. We learn, for instance, that a resident named Leighton Thomas was convicted of murdering two people 20 years earlier; his effort to return to society rehabilitate IS suddenly upended.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Climate Change

Nature throws a lot of curve balls when youre above 10 000 feet. So imagine how tough you need to be to collect water samples every week in the same spot for 35 years. A US Geological Survey ecologist who also works with Colorado State University, Baron has spent much of her professional life collecting data and writing research papers on Loch Vale Watershed, which includes two glaciers, Lakes and streams inside Rocky Mountain National Park. On early June day, Baron and her research team face 25 mph winds as they haul backpacks full of equipment up to Loch, Lake at about 2. 8 miles from Glacier Gorge Trailhead. Snowcapped Mountains tower in the distance as Baron and CSU lab technicians trudge through Icy Water in waders to gather testing samples. There are never bad days up here, says Baron. Even when the weather is terrible. And youre cold. And you never get tired because it is always different. Back in 1982, Baron set up instruments at Loch Vale Watershed to measure weather and stream flows. When she first start, she said climate change wasnt front and center. It was acid rain. I think sheer excitement of discovery gets a lot of people into studying acid rain, she say. But instead of acid rain, she found nitrogen was falling out of Sky into Park. It was causing changes to the ecosystem. Over decades, Baron has become a small-but-mighty character in the Ecology world. Inch over 5 feet tall, she none less has chosen a branch of science that is physically demanding. It takes a lot of work to collect field samples every week. She's even enlist her two kids. The Long-Term data she's gathered at Loch Vale Watershed is highly valued because it been gathered over such a long period of time. Most recently, Watershed contributed data to a 2015 Scientific paper on global Lakes and climate change. It find lakes are warming faster compared to air or ocean temperatures. Paper Project 20 percent boost in Lake algae around the globe in the next century. When you warm water, it makes it easier for algae and bacteria to take up nutrients. So you get more nutrient cycling, you get more productivity, says Baron. Algae has also come to Loch and Sky Pond. Baron said she and her team first noticed it in 2010. This year, it is not extremely visible from the water surface. Scientists have found large algal blooms just underneath the water surface. But they aren't ready to completely chalk it up to climate change. They've launched a Research Project to study what's going on. It so very important to know whether its climate change, or honestly, global change, which is an interaction of climate warming with all other factors that could affect algae, Baron say.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Carbon Cycling

Using secondary data, relationship between Grain Size% < 63 m and OC was explored to determine if it could be exploited as a tool to map surficial OC across both Scotland and Ireland. Results indicate that the clay and silt component of sediment and OC content in Scottish and Irish fjords are poorly correlate, although there is a degree of covariance between variables. This is counter to previous findings on continental shelves where there is normally a strong correlation between mud content and OC. Fjords, are significantly influenced by local factors. This in conjunction with greater heterogeneity in both bottom water temperature and dissolve oxygen concentrations, both of which are known to influence Sediment OC, may explain why the universal relationship between Sediment Grain Size and OC content is not as strong as some studies from open-shelf regions suggest. However, when this relationship is explored within individual systems, strong correlations are observed between Grain Size and OC, but this relationship is not universal across all 33 fjords where data is available. In contrast, when sediments are classified using the modified Folk scale, there is a clear link between OC and Sediment type. The OC content in these sediment types increases significantly as we transition from coarser grain to muddier substrates. This pattern is consistent over all Sediment classes apart from gravel where OC content is equivalent to that of coarse Sediment class. This is due to the small number of samples in comparison to other classes; additionally, gravel can trap fine particles within their coarse sedimentary matrix. Sediment types of 133 Scottish fjords and 15 Irish systems were successfully mapped using a three-tiered approach described above, which also allows aerial coverage of each Sediment type to be calculate. To determine differences between different mapping techniques and their relative performance, we initially use the Loch Linnhe complex of fjords, which consists of six fjords with differing data availability. When we compare outputs from Tier 1 and Tier 3 mapping for Loch Linnhe complex, Tier 1 underestimate areal coverage of all Sediment classes when compared to the Tier 3 map, with the exception of coarse Sediment. Most classes show underestimation of between 0. 78 and 2. 75%, while coarse sediment was overestimated by 5. 46%. Relatively small differences between Tier 1 and 3 mapping approaches provide confidence that if high quality backscatter is not available, robust maps of Sediment type can be produced from available point observations. The quality of different mapping techniques was further tested using data from 29 systems where backscatter data was available. When estimated seabed coverage for 24 Scottish fjords are compare, Tier 1 mapping underestimated rock, gravel and sand and overestimated coarse sediment, mixed sediment and mud and muddy sands when compared to Tier 3 estimate of seabed coverage.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Groundwater in Alpine Terrain

Alpine / subalpine catchements like Loch Vale tend to have thin, patchy soils and little alluvial material. However, talus cones and permafrost may provide substantial underground storage capacity for water. In a study of groundwater occurrence and contributions to streamflow in Loch Vale, it was determined that ice stored in permafrost represents the second largest ground water reservoir in the basin. Rock glaciers were mapped and the depth of ice was measured using seismic refraction methods. The extent of potential permafrost was modelled based on remotely-sense snow cover data and climatic data from 3 weather stations in Loch Vale. Mean annual air temperatures were sufficiently cold to support permafrost above 3460 m; however, MATs increased by 2. 6C between 1983 and 2007. If other climatic factors remain constant, increase in air temperatures at Loch Vale is sufficient to increase the lower elevational limit of permafrost by approximately 300 m. Additional evidence for melting permafrost in Loch Vale is provided by unexpectedly long average transit times for water and sulfur, based on analyses of CFCs, sulfur-35 isotopes, and tritium. Earlier research in Loch Vale document that glaciers contain water approximately equivalent to mean annual runoff for basin. During drought conditions in 2002-2003, runoff: precipitation ratio increased from approximately 0. 7 to almost 1. 0, suggesting that glacier and permafrost melt may have subsidized runoff during late summer. Melting glacial ice and permafrost has been implicated as driving force for increasing nitrate concentrations in streams in Loch Vale.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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