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Thomas Telford

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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Thomas Telford

Born( 1757-08-09 ) 9 August 1757 Glendinning, Westerkirk, Eskdale , Dumfriesshire , Scotland
Died2 September 1834 (1834-09-02) (aged 77) 24 Abingdon Street, Westminster , London, England
NationalityBritish
OccupationEngineer
DisciplineCivil
InstitutionsFounder and first President of the Institution of Civil Engineers (1818)
ProjectsCaledonian Canal, Gota Canal, Ellesmere Canal, Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, Shrewsbury Canal, Menai suspension bridge, A5 road

Thomas Telford, son of a shepherd, was born in Westerkirk, Scotland in 1757. At the age of 14, he was apprenticed to a stonemason. He worked for a time in Edinburgh and in 1792 he moved to London where he was involved in building additions to Somerset House. Two years later, he Find work at Portsmouth dockyard. In 1787, he became surveyor of public works for Shropshire. By this time, Telford had established a good reputation as an engineer and, in 1790, was given the task of building the Bridge over the River Severn at Montford. This was followed by the Canal that linked the ironworks and collieries of Wrexham with Chester and Shrewsbury. This involved building the Aqueduct over the River Dee. On Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, Telford use a new method of construction consisting of troughs made from cast-iron plates and fixed in masonry. After completion of Ellesmere Canal, Telford moved back to Scotland where he took control of the building of the Caledonian Canal. Other works by Telford include Menai Suspension Bridge and Katherine's Docks in London. Telford was also an important road builder. He was responsible for rebuilding Shrewsbury to Holyhead road and the North Wales coast road between Chester and Bangor. During his life, Telford built more than 1 000 miles of road, including the main road between London and Holyhead.

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Early career

Other Works by Telford include Katharine Docks close to Tower Bridge in central London, where he worked with architect Philip Hardwick, Gloucester and Berkeley Ship Canal, Over Bridge near Gloucester, second Harecastle Tunnel on Trent and Mersey Canal, and Birmingham and Liverpool Junction Canal-start in May 1826 but finish, after Telford's death, in January 1835. At the time of its construction in 1829, Galton Bridge was the longest single span in the world. Telford survey and plan Macclesfield Canal, which was completed by William Crosley. He also built Whitstable harbour in Kent in 1832, in connection with the Canterbury and Whitstable Railway with an unusual system for flushing out mud using a tidal reservoir. He also completed Grand Trunk after James Brindley died due to over-work. In 1820, Telford was appointed first President of the recently formed Institution of Civil Engineers, post he held until his death.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Ellesmere Canal

Telford's reputation in Shropshire led to his appointment in 1793 to manage detailed design and construction of the Ellesmere Canal, linking ironworks and collieries of Wrexham via north-west Shropshire town of Ellesmere, with Chester, utilizing the existing Chester Canal, and then the River Mersey. Among other structures, this involved the spectacular Pontcysyllte Aqueduct over the River Dee in the Vale of Llangollen, where Telford used new method of construction consisting of troughs made from cast iron plates and fixed in masonry. Eminent Canal engineer William Jessop oversaw the project, but he left detailed execution of the project in Telford's hands. The same period also saw Telford involved in the design and construction of Shrewsbury Canal. When the original engineer, Josiah Clowes, died in 1795, Telford succeeded him. One of Telford's achievements on this project was the design of the cast-iron Aqueduct at Longdon-on-Tern, pre-dating that at Pontcysyllte, and substantially bigger than the UK's first cast-iron Aqueduct, built by Benjamin Outram on Derby Canal just months earlier.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

The 'Telford Church'

In the 1820s, the government commissioned Thomas Telford to design churches for remote parishes in the Scottish Highlands and islands. 32 of these Parliamentary Churches were built to standardise design. Berneray church, completed in 1827, was deconsecrate in 1921. Clients are artists. Telford built old church to last. Walls stood unprotected for almost a century of ferocious weather but were still sound. The building is now capped with old Ballachulish slate. Windows and doors are also very dark, resulting in a very dense, dark stony exterior. The interior is white, light, warm, with long internal views and truly uplifting.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Achievements in Scotland

The Telford story begins by beautiful River Esk, and yours should too. His birthplace was on top of Meggat Water, on a farm called Glendinning, and there is cairn marking spot amid hills. At the bottom of the valley you can find two more extraordinary monuments. First, in the little churchyard at Westerkirk, is gravestone, carve, it is say, by Telford to remember his father who died when his son was still a baby. You can run your fingers through lettering cut by young Telford. Nearby, Westerkirk library contains books bought by miners in the valley in the 1790s. Telford, great reader, left money to support institution in his will and books today still have Telford Legacy stamp on their spine.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Fascinating facts

Telford's reputation in Shropshire led to his appointment in 1793 to manage detailed design and construction of the Ellesmere Canal, linking ironworks and collieries of Wrexham via north-west Shropshire town of Ellesmere, with Chester, and then the River Mersey. Among other structures, this Canal involves building the Aqueduct over the River Dee in the Vale of Llangollen; for the spectacular Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, Telford used a new method of construction consisting of troughs made from cast iron plates and fixed in masonry. Eminent Canal engineer William Jessop oversaw the project, but he left detailed execution of the project in Telford's hands.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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