"thyroid cancer, medullary, stage ii", by Terese Winslow (Illustrator). Stage II medullary thyroid cancer; drawing shows (a) cancer in the thyroid gland and the tumor is larger than 2 centimeters and (b) cancer has spread to nearby muscles in the neck. An inset shows...
Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. When cancer starts in the thyroid gland, it is called thyroid cancer. The thyroid is essential in many methods for maintaining your body healthy and balanced. Researchers are not totally sure about what causes thyroid cancer, however some things that may make getting thyroid cancer more likely include, Getting excessive radiation around the neck area, particularly when you are young. To lower the risk of thyroid cancer, prevent unnecessary exposure to radiation, consisting of radiation from clinical imaging treatments, specifically in kids, and specifically around the head and neck. You need to see a doctor if you have a lump or swelling in your neck. Doctors use a physical examination, thyroid tests, other blood and imaging tests, and a biopsy to diagnose thyroid cancer. Treatment depends on the type of cancer you have and just how much the cancer has spread out. Targeted therapy uses drugs or other substances that attack specific cancer cells with less damage to normal cells. Most thyroid nodules aren't cancer. Thyroid cancer can spread out from the thyroid to other components of the body. You and your doctor will talk about a treatment plan that's based on your type of cancer and your personal demands. Targeted therapy, This targets the cancer cells' genetics or proteins that allow cancer development and survival.
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