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Thyroid Cancer

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 01 May 2022
thyroid cancer, medullary, stage ii "thyroid cancer, medullary, stage ii", by Terese Winslow (Illustrator). Stage II medullary thyroid cancer; drawing shows (a) cancer in the thyroid gland and the tumor is larger than 2 centimeters and (b) cancer has spread to nearby muscles in the neck. An inset shows...

Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. When cancer starts in the thyroid gland, it is called thyroid cancer. The thyroid is essential in many methods for maintaining your body healthy and balanced. Researchers are not totally sure about what causes thyroid cancer, however some things that may make getting thyroid cancer more likely include, Getting excessive radiation around the neck area, particularly when you are young. To lower the risk of thyroid cancer, prevent unnecessary exposure to radiation, consisting of radiation from clinical imaging treatments, specifically in kids, and specifically around the head and neck. You need to see a doctor if you have a lump or swelling in your neck. Doctors use a physical examination, thyroid tests, other blood and imaging tests, and a biopsy to diagnose thyroid cancer. Treatment depends on the type of cancer you have and just how much the cancer has spread out. Targeted therapy uses drugs or other substances that attack specific cancer cells with less damage to normal cells. Most thyroid nodules aren't cancer. Thyroid cancer can spread out from the thyroid to other components of the body. You and your doctor will talk about a treatment plan that's based on your type of cancer and your personal demands. Targeted therapy, This targets the cancer cells' genetics or proteins that allow cancer development and survival.

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Percent of Cases & 5-Year Relative Survival by Stage at Diagnosis: Thyroid Cancer

(Table source)
StagePercent of Cases5-Year Relative Survival
Localized Confined to Primary Site65%99.9%
Regional Spread to Regional Lymph Nodes29%98.3%
Distant Cancer Has Metastasized3%53.3%
Unknown Unstaged2%90.5%

How Common Is This Cancer?

(Table source)
RankCommon Types of CancerEstimated New Cases 2022Estimated Deaths 2022
1.Breast Cancer (Female)287,85043,250
2.Prostate Cancer268,49034,500
3.Lung and Bronchus Cancer236,740130,180
4.Colorectal Cancer151,03052,580
5.Melanoma of the Skin99,7807,650
6.Bladder Cancer81,18017,100
7.Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma80,47020,250
8.Kidney and Renal Pelvis Cancer79,00013,920
9.Uterine Cancer65,95012,550
10.Pancreatic Cancer62,21049,830
---
12.Thyroid Cancer43,8002,230

Rate of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Thyroid Cancer Males

(Table source)
All Races7.7
Non-Hispanic White8.9
Non-Hispanic Black3.8
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander7.9
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native5.2
Hispanic6.0

Rate of New Cases per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Thyroid Cancer Females

(Table source)
All Races21.3
Non-Hispanic White22.7
Non-Hispanic Black12.8
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander23.0
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native21.0
Hispanic21.6

Percent of New Cases by Age Group: Thyroid Cancer

(Table source)
Age RangePercent of New Cases
<202.0%
20–3416.2%
35–4418.3%
45–5421.1%
55–6421.0%
65–7414.7%
75–845.5%
>841.3%

Death Rate per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Thyroid Cancer Males

(Table source)
All Races0.5
Non-Hispanic White0.5
Non-Hispanic Black0.4
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander0.5
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native0.5
Hispanic0.6

Death Rate per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity & Sex: Thyroid Cancer Females

(Table source)
All Races0.5
Non-Hispanic White0.4
Non-Hispanic Black0.5
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander0.7
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native0.5
Hispanic0.7

Percent of Deaths by Age Group: Thyroid Cancer

(Table source)
Age RangePercent of Deaths
<200.0%
20–340.7%
35–441.8%
45–546.7%
55–6417.0%
65–7426.5%
75–8428.3%
>8418.9%
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