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Triglycerides Levels Normal Range

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

Maybe you 've been eating fast food more often than you should, or you are not getting your recommended two - and - half hours of exercise each week. Or, it could be that you smoke, or your blood pressure is too high. Well, for whatever reason, you may be concerned about your risk of getting heart disease. Well, few tests can help you learn that risk, so you can start making healthy lifestyle changes to reduce it. Coronary risk profile is a group of blood tests that measure your cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Why is it important to know these levels? Because if you have too many of these substances in your blood from eating foods like burgers and French fries, they can clog your arteries. Eventually, your arteries can become so clogged that you 'll have a heart attack or stroke. Men should have their cholesterol test by the time they re 35. Women should have it checked by age 45. If you have condition like diabetes, heart disease, stroke, or high blood pressure, have your cholesterol checked now, no matter what your age. To measure your cholesterol, your doctor will give you a blood test. If you are also having your triglyceride level check, you may be told not to eat or drink anything for 8 to 12 hours before the test. Depending upon your heart risk, doctor may measure just your total cholesterol level, or your total cholesterol along with your LDL, or bad cholesterol, HDL, or good cholesterol, and triglycerides. If you have an average risk of getting heart disease, your goal is to have total cholesterol of less than 200 milligrams per deciliter, LDL cholesterol lower than 130 milligrams per deciliter, HDL cholesterol higher than 40 milligrams per deciliter if you re men or 50 if you re women - higher better, and triglycerides of less than 150 also, lower better. Although some illnesses, like arthritis, can raise your cholesterol level, generally having high cholesterol means that you re at increased risk for heart disease and stroke. It's sign you need to work harder to keep your heart healthy. If your cholesterol levels are normal, that's great! That means that you are eating right, you are exercising, and you are taking good care of your health. You don't need to have another cholesterol test for about five years. But if your cholesterol level is high, or you 've already got heart disease, high blood pressure, or diabetes, you 'll need to have your cholesterol levels checked more often. Keeping close tabs on your cholesterol and triglyceride levels is one way that you can take charge of your health, and change it for the better. High triglyceride levels may be due to: Cirrhosis or liver damage Diet Low in protein and high in carbohydrates, Underactive thyroid Nephrotic syndrome, other medicines, such as female hormones, Poorly controlled Diabetes Disorder pass down through families in which there are high amounts of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. Overall, treatment of elevated triglyceride levels focuses on increased exercise and changes in diet.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

What is a triglycerides test?

The triglyceride level test helps measure the amount of triglycerides in your blood. Triglycerides are a type of fat, or lipid, found in the blood. The results of this test help your doctor determine your risk of developing heart disease. Another name for this test is trial test. Triglycerides are a type of lipid. The body stores calories that it doesnt use right away as triglycerides. These triglycerides circulate in the blood to provide energy for your muscles to work. Extra triglycerides enter your blood after you eat. If you eat more calories than your body needs, your triglyceride level may be high. Very low - density lipoproteins carry triglycerides through your blood. Vldl is a type of lipoprotein, like low - density lipoprotein and high - density lipoprotein. Vldl measurements can be helpful information to have if you and your doctor are talking about ways to lower your triglyceride level.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

What do the results mean?

Triglycerides are usually measured in milligrams of triglycerides per deciliter of blood. For adults, results are usually categorized as: normal / desirable triglyceride range: less than 150mg / dL Borderline High triglyceride range: 150 to 199 mg / dL High triglyceride range: 200 to 499 mg / dL Very High triglyceride range: 500 mg / dL and above higher than normal triglyceride levels may put you at risk for heart disease. To reduce your levels and lower your risk, your health care provider may recommend lifestyle changes and / or prescribe medicines. If your results were borderline high, your provider may recommend that you: Lose weight Eat a healthier diet Get more exercise Reduce alcohol intake Take cholesterol lowering medicine. If your results were high or very high, your provider may recommend the same lifestyle changes as above and also that you: follow a very low - fat diet Lose significant amount of weight Take medicine or medicines designed to lower triglycerides be sure to talk to your health care provider before making any major changes to your diet or exercise routine. Learn more about laboratory tests, reference ranges, and understanding results.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Why Are High Triglycerides Bad?

These blood fats can be one of the signs of metabolic syndrome, which increases the risk of having a heart attack or stroke. Until recently, triglycerides tended to get less attention when looking at cardiovascular risk compared to LDL and HDL cholesterol levels. There's no question that extremely high levels spell trouble and can lead to acute pancreatitis. But what about treating lower levels of triglycerides? Recent evidence suggests you should work to reduce triglyceride levels they are higher than normal, especially if you have heart disease or have other risk factors such as diabetes, high blood pressure or smoking.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Controlling High Triglycerides: Medical Treatment

Table

CategoryTriglcyeride Level
NormalLess than 150mg/dL
Borderline high150 to 199 mg/dL
High200 to 499 mg/dL
Very high500 mg/dL and above

Hypertriglyceridemia is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events and acute pancreatitis. Along with lowering low - density lipoprotein Cholesterol levels and raising high - density lipoprotein Cholesterol levels, lowering triglyceride levels in high - risk patients has been associated with decreased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although management of mixed dyslipidemia is controversial, treatment should focus primarily on lowering low - density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Secondary goals should include lowering Non - high - density lipoprotein Cholesterol levels. If serum triglyceride levels are high, lowering these levels can be effective at reaching Non - high - density lipoprotein Cholesterol goals. Initially, patients with hypertriglyceridemia should be counselled about therapeutic lifestyle changes. Patients also should be screened for metabolic syndrome and other acquire or secondary causes. Patients with borderline - high serum triglyceride levels and high serum triglyceride levels require overall cardiac risk assessment. Treatment of very high triglyceride levels is aimed at reducing the risk of acute pancreatitis. Statins, fibrates, Niacin, and fish oil are effective when pharmacotherapy is indicate.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Triglyceride level

The most common reason someone might be advised to have their triglyceride levels checked is to help assess their risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Healthy adults are recommended to have a Lipid Profile, which includes triglycerides test, every 4 to 6 years, to evaluate the risk of heart disease. Testing may be more frequent if an individual has risk factors for heart disease, such as: smoking cigarettes, being overweight or obese, eating an unhealthy diet, such as high in saturated fats, sugar, and alcohol, and low in fruits and vegetables, being physically inactive, having high blood pressure, family history of severely high cholesterol or premature heart disease pre - existing heart disease diabetes or prediabetes triglyceride tests may also be order to monitor success of Lipid - lowering lifestyle changes, such as improving diet and increasing exercise, or for checking effectiveness of drugs, such as fibrates, omega - 3s, niacin, or statins. Acc and AHA recommend that adults treated high cholesterol and high triglycerides have a fasting Lipid Profile carried out 4 to 12 weeks after starting treatment. This Profile should then be rechecked, as needed to monitor the effect of lifestyle changes and medications. Experts stress that the goal in all triglyceride and cholesterol treatment is to lower the risk of heart disease. Regardless of medications, heart experts agree that healthful lifestyle choices are an essential part of reducing that risk. Here are current recommendations for healthful lifestyle choices to lower the risk of heart disease and lower cholesterol and lower triglycerides: not smoking, daily physical activity, limiting saturated fats, restricting processed sugars, limiting alcohol, maintaining a healthy weight, increasing fruits and vegetables, choosing lean proteins, such as soy, fish, nuts, beans, chicken, and turkey

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Topic Overview

Serum triglyceride levels tend to be higher in obese individuals and HDL cholesterol levels tend to be lower. Total serum cholesterol levels do not consistently correlate with body fatness. Weight reduction generally improves serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels significantly during active period of dieting, but the effect is largely due to energy restriction. During weight loss, increased intakes of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats and increased levels of physical activity act to increase HDL, while substitution of fat with refined grains and intake of trans fat leads to a decrease in HDL. Upon achieving stable, reduced body weight, lipid levels partially rebound but tend to remain at an improved level as long as weight loss is maintain.


What are triglycerides?

Triglycerides are a type of fat found in your blood. Your body uses them for energy. You need some triglycerides for good health. But high triglycerides might raise your risk of heart disease and may be a sign of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a combination of high blood pressure, high blood sugar, too much fat around the waist, low HDL cholesterol, and high triglycerides. Metabolic syndrome increases your risk for heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. Blood tests that measure your cholesterol also measure your triglycerides. For general idea about your triglycerides level, compare your test results to following: footnote 1 normal is less than 1. 7 Borderline - High is 1. 7 to 2. 1 High is 2. 2 to 5. 4 Very High is 5.


Symptoms

High triglycerides by themselves do not cause symptoms. If your high triglycerides are caused by a genetic condition, you may have visible fatty deposits under skin called xanthomas. In rare cases, people who have very high triglyceride levels may develop inflammation of the pancreas, which can cause sudden, severe abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, and fever. If you have high triglycerides, you may also have high cholesterol. In many cases, people don't know that they have high triglycerides until they have a blood test called lipoprotein analysis to check their cholesterol levels. If your triglyceride levels are high, your doctor will also check for and treat other associated conditions that may be linked to high triglycerides. These conditions include diabetes, hypothyroidism, kidney disease, and metabolic syndrome.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Symptoms

Triglyceride levels

NormalLess than 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL)
Borderline-high150 to 199 mg/dL
High200 to 499 mg/dL
Very high500 mg/dL or higher

The most common causes of high triglycerides are obesity and poorly controlled diabetes. If you are overweight and are not active, you may have high triglycerides, especially if you eat a lot of carbohydrates or sugary foods or drink a lot of alcohol. Binge drinking of alcohol can cause dangerous spikes in triglyceride levels that can trigger inflammation of the pancreas. Other causes of high triglycerides include hypothyroidism, kidney disease, and certain inherited lipid disorders. Estrogen therapy, which may be used for menopause symptoms, may also raise triglyceride levels. Certain medicines may also raise triglycerides. These medicines include: tamoxifen. Steroids. Beta - blockers. Diuretics. Birth control pills. High triglycerides rarely occur on their own. They are usually associated with other conditions. High triglycerides are part of metabolic syndrome, group of medical problems that increase your risk of heart attack, stroke, and diabetes. Metabolic syndrome include: high triglycerides. Low HDL cholesterol. High blood pressure. High blood sugar. Too much fat, especially around the waist.


What Are High Triglycerides?

Triglycerides are a kind of fat found in the blood. Cholesterol is another kind. Store in fat cells for later use, Triglycerides are a major energy source. Normal amounts are important for good health. Eating more fat than body burns can lead to high triglyceride levels. High triglyceride levels may result in hardening of arteries, which increases risks of stroke, heart attack, and heart disease. They can be part of metabolic syndrome, which also includes too much fat around the waist, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and abnormal cholesterol levels. Sometimes high triglyceride levels mean poorly controlled type 2 diabetes, low thyroid hormone levels, liver or kidney disease, or rare genetic conditions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

Triglyceride levels footnote 2

NormalLess than 1.7 millimoles per litre (mmol/L)
Borderline-high1.7 to 2.1 mmol/L
High2.2 to 5.4 mmol/L
Very high5.5 mmol/L or higher
* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Interpretation

Normal values of triglycerides are less than 150mg / dL. Unusually low levels of triglycerides can be present in disease states, producing syndromes of malabsorption in addition to patients who carry genes for familial hypobetalipoproteinemia. Elevate triglycerides are determined based upon serum laboratory values being greater than 149mg / dL. Levels greater than 149 mg / dL constitute hypertriglyceridemia, and the severity of TG is further classified by serum values falling within the classification value range. Analysis of the significance of hypertriglyceridemia should take into account coexisting dyslipidemias. Hypertriglyceridemia is indicative of insulin resistance when present with low high - density lipoprotein and elevated low - density lipoprotein, while elevated triglyceride is a clinical risk factor for coronary artery disease, especially when low HDL is present. Additionally, TG of 150 mg / dL or greater is one criterion for metabolic syndrome and can aid in diagnosis when presented with 2 additional criteria. Very high levels of triglycerides are defined by serum levels of 500mg / dL or greater and can be concerning for development of pancreatitis. If pancreatitis is likely or potentially threatening and levels of triglycerides are found to be 1000 mg / dL or greater, immediate institution of lipid lowering therapy should begin.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Background

The following are basic categories of results for triglyceride levels: normal fasting level is 150 milligrams per deciliter. Borderline high level is 150 to 199 mg / dL. The high level is 200 to 499 mg / dL. Very high level is more than 500 mg / dL. Hypertriglyceridemia is a medical term for elevated triglycerides in the blood. Fasting levels normally vary from day to day. Triglycerides vary dramatically when you eat a meal and can be 5 to 10 times higher than fasting levels. You have a risk of developing pancreatitis if your fasting triglyceride levels are above 1 000 mg / dL. If your triglyceride levels are above 1 000 mg / dL, you should start immediate treatment to lower triglycerides. If your triglyceride levels are high, your cholesterol may also be high. This condition is know as hyperlipidemia. There are many reasons why your triglyceride level may be high. Some of them are due to lifestyle habits that increase triglyceride levels. These include: smoking, having an inactive or sedentary lifestyle, being overweight or obese, increasing alcohol consumption or binge drinking, eating a diet low in protein and high in carbohydrates. There are also medical conditions that can cause high triglyceride levels, including: low - fat diet, hyperthyroidism malabsorption syndrome, malnutrition Other medical conditions that triglyceride level test can detect include: familial combine hyperlipidemia, familial dysbetalipoproteinemia familial hypertriglyceridemia familial lipoprotein lipase deficiency stroke as result of atherosclerosis results mean different things for children. You should talk to your children's doctor about test results to understand what results mean and the appropriate course of action.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

What could cause low triglycerides?

We know that unhealthy diet can cause high triglycerides, while healthy diet generally leads to low triglycerides. One interesting note is that sometimes low triglyceride levels can occur with high LDL levels. If low triglyceride levels lower heart disease risk, but high LDL levels increase it, what can cause this inconsistency? There are two types of LDL particles that should be taken into account when calculating heart disease risk: LDL - particles are larger, less dense, and lower your risk. Ldl - B particles are smaller, denser, and increase your risk. When you have low triglyceride levels but high LDL levels, it could indicate that you have a diet filled with healthy fats. Healthy fats will not only cause an increase in good cholesterol but can also change the type of LDL particles in the blood. Therefore, those high LDL levels may not actually be a bad thing. Instead, it is more likely that they are LDL particles that have become larger and less dense from intake of healthy fat. Low triglycerides and high HDL levels in blood will generally support this idea.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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