Type 2 Diabetes

Summarized by Plex Health
Last Updated: 01 May 2022
stoplight type 2 diabetes prevention - labeled "stoplight type 2 diabetes prevention - labeled", by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health. Drawing of a stoplight with the words Caution: Take steps to prevent type 2 diabetes now....

Type 2 diabetes is a disorder identified by unusually high blood sugar level degrees. When blood glucose degrees are high, the pancreas releases insulin to move the excess glucose into cells, which decreases the amount of glucose in the blood. The majority of people who develop type 2 diabetes first have insulin resistance, a problem in which the body's cells use insulin less effectively than normal. As insulin resistance develops, an increasing number of insulin is needed to keep blood glucose levels in the normal range. Over time, the beta cells come to be less able to reply to blood sugar changes, leading to an insulin scarcity that prevents the body from lowering blood glucose degrees effectively. If blood glucose levels are not managed through medicine or diet plan, type 2 diabetes can cause long-lasting illness consisting of heart problem and stroke; nerve damage; and damage to the kidneys, eyes, and other components of the body. You might be able to handle your diabetes with healthy and balanced eating and being active, or your physician might prescribe insulin, other injectable medications, or oral diabetes medications to help handle your blood sugar level and avoid difficulties. Whether you were just diagnosed with diabetes or have had it for time, meeting with a diabetes educator is a wonderful way to get support and assistance, consisting of how to: Develop a healthy eating and activity strategy; Test your blood glucose and keep a record of the outcomes; Recognize the signs of high or low blood sugar and what to do about it; If needed, provide on your own insulin by syringe, pen, or pump; Monitor your feet, skin, and eyes to catch issues early; Buy diabetes supplies and store them correctly; Manage stress and bargain with daily diabetes care. Blood glucose is your major source of energy and comes mostly from the food you consume. In type 2 diabetes, your body does not make enough insulin or does not use insulin well. You can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even throughout childhood. Type 2 diabetes occurs most frequently in middle-aged and older people. You are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you have prediabetes or had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly, over the course of several years, and can be so mild that you may not even notice them. Some people do not discover they have the disease till they have diabetes-related wellness problems, such as blurred vision or cardiovascular disease.

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