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Upper Respiratory Contagious

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Last Updated: 02 July 2021

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General | Latest Info

Both colds and flu are contagious and are caused by viruses. However, viruses that cause colds are not the same as those that cause flu. Although the typical incubation period for Influenza is about one to four days, some adults can be contagious from about one day before onset of symptoms for up to two weeks. Other people who develop complications, such as pneumonia, may extend contagious period for week or two. For colds, most individuals become contagious about day before cold symptoms develop and remain contagious for about five to seven days. Some children may pass flu viruses for longer than seven days. Colds are considered upper respiratory infections. Flu may also cause lower respiratory infections. For both cold and flu, early symptoms may be similar. Symptoms and signs include cough, runny nose, and feeling tire. If you know you have had contact with someone with a cold or flu in the past few days, you should suspect you may have become infected. However, flu symptoms are generally more intense than cold symptoms. People with flu can develop fever, body aches, chills, and headaches, and some develop nausea and vomiting. Cold symptoms are much milder and usually do not require medical care. However, if you suspect you have the flu, you should seek medical care. Flu is often diagnosed with rapid tests available to most physicians. Common colds and flu are easily spread from person to person, Flu is most often by droplets produced by coughing and sneezing. Cold viruses in droplets are spread mainly hand to hand. These droplets contain infectious viruses. Occasionally, these droplets land on various surfaces and, depending on the survivability of virus type, can be transferred when an uninfected individual touches contaminated surface and subsequently touches his / her mouth or nose. In most instances, individuals with a cold will resolve their symptoms without medical intervention in about one week, although sometimes cough may last longer. However, at this point in time, cough is not spreading contagious virus. When cold symptoms and signs resolve, person is cure of cold. Flu is similar except that symptoms are more severe and, in some individuals, medical intervention may be require. However, depending upon influenza strain and severity of infection, some individuals may require hospitalization. A cure for these individuals occurs when symptoms resolve and the patient is discharged from hospital. Stomach flu is not caused by cold or by flu viruses. The term stomach flu is a nonspecific term that describes symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Although these symptoms may occur with the flu, flu is a respiratory infection. In most individuals with only stomach flu, causes are usually non - flu type viruses. Similarly, cold sores are not actually caused by cold viruses but by herpesviruses.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Common Medical Abbreviations List

Tonsillitis is a contagious infection with symptoms of bad breath, snoring, congestion, headache, hoarseness, laryngitis, and coughing up blood. Tonsillitis can cause acute infection of tonsils, and several types of bacteria or viruses. There are two types of tonsillitis, acute and chronic. Acute tonsillitis lasts from one to two weeks, while chronic tonsillitis can last from months to years. Treatment of tonsillitis and adenoids includes antibiotics, over - counter medications, and home remedies to relieve pain and inflammation,. For example, salt water gargle, slippery elm throat lozenges, sipping warm beverages and eating frozen foods, serrapeptase, papain, and andrographism Some people with chronic tonsillitis may need surgery.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Viral Upper Respiratory Illness (Adult)

You have viral upper Respiratory illness, which is another term for common cold. This illness is contagious during the first few days. It is spread through the air by coughing and sneezing. It may also be spread by direct contact. Frequent handwashing will decrease the risk of spread. Most viral illnesses go away within 7 to 10 days with rest and simple home remedies. Sometimes illness may last for several weeks. Antibiotics will not kill viruses and they are generally not prescribed for this condition.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

History and physical examination

Diagnosis of cold or upper respiratory infection is usually made by history and physical examination. Health care practitioners may ask questions with regard to onset and duration of symptoms. Physical examination may concentrate on the head, neck, and lungs. Examination of ears may reveal fluid behind ear drums, suggesting Eustachian tube swelling due to cold. Nasal examination may show clear discharge and throat examination may reveal some redness and post - nasal drip. If a health care practitioner suspects sinusitis, he / she may use their fingers to tap on the face in areas overlying large sinuses; forehead for frontal sinuses and cheeks for maxillary sinuses. The neck may be palpated or felt exploring swollen lymph nodes associated with infection. Lungs may be assessed with a stethoscope to listen for wheezing or crackling sounds, both signs of inflammation or infection. A few tests are required for diagnosis of upper respiratory infection.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Home remedies and OTC medication

For upper respiratory infection to occur, virus enters the body, usually through the mouth or nose. Person may transmit it through touch, or by sneezing and coughing. Any place where people gather in enclosed space, such as a classroom, office, or home, can be a high - risk area for the spread of URIs. Typically, URI lasts anywhere between 3 and 14 days. In some cases, URIs can develop into more serious conditions, such as sinus infections or pneumonia. In this article, we look at how to identify URI, its potential causes, and available treatments.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Is my family at risk?

Table

Cold symptomsFlu symptoms
Low or no feverHigh fever
Sometimes a headacheCommonly a headache
Stuffy, runny noseSometimes a stuffy nose
SneezingSometimes sneezing
Mild, hacking coughCough, may progress
Slight aches and painsOften severe aches and pains
Mild fatigueFatigue, may persist
Sore throatSometimes a sore throat
Normal energy levelExhaustion

Those are two pieces of advice that could be crucial in reducing the spread of Coronavirus. Public health officials say spread has been mainly driven by people spending time indoors with others WHO Have Disease. Look like the main driver is not widespread community infection, looks like it's household - level infection, Dr. Bruce Aylward, senior adviser to the World Health Organization, said at a news conference in Geneva on Feb. 25. Indeed, data from China's cases show that most of the spread happens among family members WHO live together. Perhaps the reason that viruses spread among family members is way people become infected. The main mode of transmission is respiratory droplets that can be produced by speaking and coughing, says Dr. Adam Lauring, associate professor of microbiology and immunology at University of Michigan. These droplets then can find their way into the mouths, noses of other people nearby. But Spread isn't exclusively family matter. Close contact that leads to infection can apply to a range of behaviors, says Seema Lakdawala, virologist WHO studies flu transmission at University of Pittsburgh. You can do it through shaking hands or kissing somebody WHO is sick, or you can do it through indirect contact transmission, which is through contaminated surface, something like a doorknob or handrail. You pick up somebody else's phone. Researchers aren't sure how long droplets of new Coronavirus remain infectious on phones, but similar coronaviruses can survive on surfaces from a few hours up to a few days, depending on the environment, say WHO. Spread takes place more readily if you re within coughing range of someone sick, like if you re standing next to your kid and they cough in your face, say Lakdawala. You could breathe in droplets. Or they may land on surface that somebody then touches. While there's no way for health authorities to regulate family interactions, steps can be taken to reduce the likelihood of close contact in crowds. Who says that social - distancing measures as when China extended the National Lunar New Year holiday to keep people from traveling or working, closing offices and cancelling public transportation have helped slow transmission of disease there. Such steps could be effective in other countries, including the US, where the virus is spreading in some communities. Researchers looking back at prior outbreaks, such as the 1957 flu pandemic and 2003 SARS epidemic, find that public health policies that keep people from gathering in public spaces, such as closing schools and canceling big events, help slow the spread of disease. In current outbreak, evidence for why the Coronavirus has spread comes from analyzing case clusters in China. The findings were published on Feb. 28 in a report from the WHO - China joint mission. In mid - February, team of international experts visited areas in China hard hit by Coronavirus. The mission was CO - lead by Aylward and Liang Wannian, head of the expert panel for China's National Health Commission.


Causes of common cold

Children are most at risk for upper respiratory infection due to their less - developed immune systems and close proximity to other kids, although everyone is susceptible to colds. Most children and adults will have a cold at least once each year. Other factors that increase your risk of upper respiratory infections include: weak immune system. Those with diseases such as HIV, cancer or diabetes may be more likely to develop upper respiratory infection. Smoking People who smoke are more likely to frequently develop common colds and severe colds. Healthcare environment If you work in a healthcare environment or are or have been patient, you are more likely to develop cold.


What Is Respiratory Syncytial Virus?

The Respiratory syncytial virus is highly contagious. It spreads through droplets containing viruses when someone coughs or sneeze. It also lives on surfaces and on hands and clothing. So people can get it if they touch something that's contaminate. Rsv can spread quickly through schools and childcare centers. Babies often get it when older kids carry virus home from school and pass it to them. Almost all kids have had RSV at least once by the time they are 2 years old. Rsv infections often happen in epidemics that last from late fall through early spring. Respiratory illnesses caused by RSV such as bronchiolitis or pneumonia usually last about a week, but in some cases may last several weeks.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Otitis

For otitis externa, skin flora such as Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, diphtheroids and occasionally anaerobic organism, Propionibacterium acnes are major etiologic agents. In moist and warm environment, diffuse acute otitis externa may be caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, along with other skin flora. Malignant otitis externa is a severe necrotizing infection usually caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. For otitis media, commonest causative bacteria are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Hemophilus influenzae and beta - lactamase producing Moraxella catarrhalis. Respiratory viruses may play a role in otitis media but this remains uncertain. Mycoplasma pneumoniae has been reported to cause hemorrhagic bullous myringitis in an experimental study among nonimmune human volunteers inoculated with M pneumoniae. However, in natural cases of M pneumoniae infection, clinical bullous myringitis or otitis media is uncommon.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

Sources

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions.

* Please keep in mind that all text is machine-generated, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always get advice from professionals before taking any actions

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