Although the United States Department of Agriculture has few programs or tasks that directly deal with ocean acidification, USDA, in its partnerships with other Federal companies as a member of the National Ocean Council, supports proceeding initiatives that attend to suggestions made by the National Policy for the Stewardship of the Ocean, Our Coasts, and the Great Lakes Task Force. By promoting and executing sustainable agricultural programs and practices ashore and lasting aquaculture practices in freshwater and deep sea environments, USDA programs will improve the health and wellness of the ocean, coasts, and Great Lakes as well as provide jobs crucial in the revitalization of our seaside and rural communities. Water connects farms throughout the United States to seaside communities and the ocean. Other ranch- management programs can increase carbon sequestration in agricultural and forest production systems and help in the prep work of United States farming and woodlands to adjust to variable environments. The USDA Agricultural Research Service has an in-house dirt and air research program that works to develop tools and boosted management in order to increase dirt preservation and minimize runoff and leaching. Within these programs, USDA has moneyed tasks on the effects of decreased pH on sea urchin larvae and adults and the advancement of arising genomics tools to evaluate whether sea urchins can grow and endure under the ecological conditions anticipated with climate change and ocean acidification. USDA has additionally moneyed research on the impacts of climate change and ocean acidification on diseases influencing the oyster aquaculture industry. USDA is included in strategic interagency collaborations for tracking, modeling, and assessment of water top quality in priority landmarks such as the Mississippi River Basin Healthy Watersheds Initiative, the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, and the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative. USDA programs aimed at minimizing nutrient overflow into United States rivers will continue.
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